1600s & 1700s Military History Timeline

1601-1700

Duke of Marlborough signing the Despatch at Blenheim. Photograph Source: Public Domain

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1600s

1602 - Eighty Years' War: Maurice of Orange captures Grave

1609 - Eighty Years' War: The Twelve Years' Truce ends fighting between the United Provinces and Spain

May 23, 1618 - Thirty Years' War: The Second Defenestration of Prague leads to the outbreak of the conflict

November 8, 1620 - Thirty Years' War: Ferdinand II defeats Ferdinand V at the Battle of White Mountain

April 25, 1626 - Thirty Years' War: Albrecht von Wallenstein leads Catholic forces to victory at the Battle of Dessau Bridge

September 17, 1631 - Thirty Years' War: Swedish forces led by King Gustavus Adolphus win the Battle of Breitenfeld

November 16, 1632 - Thirty Years' War: Swedish troops win the Battle of Lützen, but Gustavus Adolphus is killed in the fighting

1634-1638 - American Colonies: English settles and their Native American allies win the Pequot War

December 17, to April 15, 1638 - Shimabara Rebellion: A peasant rebellion takes place on Japan's Shimabara Peninsula

September 23, 1642 - English Civil War: Royalist and Parliamentarian forces clash at the Battle of Powick Bridge

October 23, 1642 - English Civil War: The first pitched battle of the conflict is fought at Edgehill

May 19, 1643 - Thirty Years' War: French troops win the Battle of Roncroi

July 13, 1643 - English Civil War: The Royalists win the Battle of Roundway Down

September 20, 1643 - English Civil War: Royalist and Parliamentary forces meet at the First Battle of Newbury

December 13, 1643 - English Civil War: Parliamentary troops win the Battle of Alton

July 2, 1644 - English Civil War: Parliamentary forces win the Battle of Marston Moor

June 14, 1645 - English Civil War: Parliamentarian troops crush Royalist forces at the Battle of Naseby

July 10, 1645 - English Civil War: Sir Thomas Fairfax wins the Battle of Langport

September 24, 1645 - English Civil War: Parliamentarian forces win the Battle of Rowton Heath

May 15 & October 24, 1648 - Thirty Years' War: The Peace of Westphalia ends both the Thirty and Eighty Years' War

August 17-19, 1648 - English Civil War: Oliver Cromwell wins the Battle of Preston

September 3, 1651 - English Civil War: Parliamentarian forces win the Battle of Worcester

July 10, 1652 - First Anglo-Dutch War: The English Parliament declares war on the Dutch Republic

May 8, 1654 - First Anglo-Dutch War: The Treaty of Westminster ends the conflict

1654 - Anglo-Spanish War: Driven by commercial rivalry, England declares war on Spain

September 1660 - Anglo-Spanish War: After the restoration of Charles II, the war comes to an end

March 4, 1665 - Second Anglo-Dutch War: The conflict begins after the Dutch permit their ships to fire when threatened

May 24, 1667 - War of Devolution: France invades the Spanish Netherlands starting the war

June 9-14, 1667 - Second Anglo-Dutch War: Admiral Michiel de Ruyter leads a successful raid on the Medway

July 31, 1667 - Second Anglo-Dutch War: The Treaty of Breda ends the conflict

May 2, 1668 - War of Devolution: Louis XIV agrees to the Triple Alliance's demands bringing the war to a close

April 6, 1672 - Third Anglo-Dutch War: England joins France and declares war on the Dutch Republic

February 19, 1674 - Third Anglo-Dutch War: The Second Peace of Westminster ends the war

June 20, 1675 - King Philip's War: A band of Pokanoket warriors attacks the Plymouth colony opening the war

August 12, 1676 - King Philip's War: King Philip is killed by colonists effectively ending the war

1681 - War of 27 Years: Fighting begins between the Marathas and Mughals in India

1683 - War of the Holy League: Pope Innocent XI forms the Holy League to block Ottoman expansion in Europe

September 24, 1688 - War of the Grand Alliance: Fighting begins as the Grand Alliance forms to contain French expansion

July 27, 1689 - Jacobite Risings: Jacobite forces under Viscount Dundee win the Battle of Killiecrankie

July 12, 1690 - War of the Grand Alliance: William III defeats James II at the Battle of the Boyne

February 13, 1692 - Glorious Revolution: Members of Clan MacDonald are attacked during the Glencoe Massacre

September 20, 1697 - War of the Grand Alliance: The Treaty of Ryswick ends the War of the Grand Alliance

January 26, 1699 - War of the Holy League: The Ottomans sign the Treaty of Karlowitz ending the war

February 1700 - Great Northern War: Fighting begins between Sweden, Russia, Demark, and Saxony

1701 - War of the Spanish Succession: Fighting begins as an alliance of Britain, the Holy Roman Empire, Dutch Republic, Prussia, Portugal, and Denmark declare war to prevent a French succession to the Spanish throne

February 29, 1704 - Queen Anne's War: French and Native American forces conduct the Raid on Deerfield

August 13, 1704 - War of the Spanish Succession: The Duke of Marlborough wins the Battle of Blenheim

May 23, 1706 - War of the Spanish Succession: Grand Alliance forces under Marlborough win the Battle of Ramillies

1707 - War of 27 Years: The Mughals are defeated ending the war

July 8, 1709 - Great Northern War: Swedish forces are crushed at the Battle of Poltava

March/April 1713 - War of the Spanish Succession: The Treaty of Utrecht ends the war

December 17, 1718 - War of the Quadruple Alliance: The French, British, and Austrians declare war on Spain after Spanish troops land on Sardinia and Sicily

June 10, 1719 - Jacobite Risings: Jacobite forces are beaten at the Battle of Glen Shiel

February 17, 1720 - War of the Quadruple Alliance: The Treaty of The Hague ends the fighting

August 20, 1721 - Great Northern War: The Treaty of Nystad ends the Great Northern War

July 1722 - Russo-Persian War: Russian troops embark for an invasion of Iran

September 12, 1723 - Russo-Persian War: The Russians compel Tahmasp II to sign a peace treaty

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1730s

February 1, 1733 - War of the Polish Succession: Augustus II dies creating the succession crisis that leads to war

November 18, 1738 - War of the Polish Succession: The Treaty of Vienna settles the succession crisis

December 16, 1740 - War of the Austrian Succession: Frederick the Great of Prussia invades Silesia opening the conflict

April 10, 1741 - War of the Austrian Succession: Prussian forces win the Battle of Mollwitz

June 27, 1743 - War of the Austrian Succession: The Pragmatic Army under King George II wins the Battle of Dettingen

May 11, 1745 - War of the Austrian Succession: French troops win the Battle of Fontenoy

June 28, 1754 - War of the Austrian Succession: Colonial forces complete the Siege of Louisbourg

September 21, 1745 - Jacobite Uprising: Prince Charles' forces win the Battle of Prestonpans

April 16, 1746 - Jacobite Uprising: Jacobite forces are defeated by the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Culloden

October 18, 1748 - War of the Austrian Succession: The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the conflict

July 4, 1754 - French & Indian War: Lt. Colonel George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to the French

July 9, 1755 - French & Indian War: Major General Edward Braddock is routed at the Battle of the Monongahela

September 8, 1755 - French & Indian War: British and colonial forces defeat the French at the Battle of Lake George

June 23, 1757 - Seven Years' War: Colonel Robert Clive wins the Battle of Plassey in India

November 5, 1757 - Seven Years' War: Frederick the Great wins the Battle of Rossbach

December 5, 1757 - Seven Years' War: Frederick the Great triumphs at the Battle of Leuthen

June 8-July 26, 1758 - French & Indian War: British forces conduct the successful Siege of Louisbourg

June 20, 1758 - Seven Years' War: Austria troops defeat the Prussians at the Battle of Domstadtl

July 8, 1758 - French & Indian War: British forces are beaten at the Battle of Carillon

August 1, 1759 - Seven Years' War: Allied forces defeat the French at the Battle of Minden

September 13, 1759 - French & Indian War: Major General James Wolfe wins the Battle of Quebec but is killed in the fighting

November 20, 1759 - Seven Years' War: Admiral Sir Edward Hawke wins the Battle of Quiberon Bay

February 10, 1763 - Seven Years' War: The Treaty of Paris ends the war in a victory for Britain and its allies

August 5-6, 1763 - Pontiac's Rebellion: The British win the Battle of Bushy Run

September 25, 1768 - Russo-Turkish War: The Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia following a border incident at Balta

March 5, 1770 - Prelude to the American Revolution: British troops fire into a crowd at the Boston Massacre

July 21, 1774 - Russo-Turkish War: The Treaty of Kuçuk Kainarji ends the war in a Russian victory

April 19, 1775 - American Revolution: The war begins with the Battles of Lexington & Concord

April 19, 1775-March 17, 1776 - American Revolutin: American troops conduct the Siege of Boston

May 10, 1775 - American Revolution: American forces capture Fort Ticonderoga

June 11-12, 1775 - American Revolution: American naval forces win the Battle of Machias

June 17, 1775 - American Revolution: The British win a bloody victory at the Battle of Bunker Hill

September 17-November 3, 1775 - American Revolution: American forces win the Siege of Fort St. Jean

December 9, 1775 - American Revolution: Patriot forces win the Battle of Great Bridge

December 31, 1775 - American Revolution: American forces are turned back at the Battle of Quebec

February 27, 1776 - American Revolution: Patriot forces win the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge in North Carolian

March 3-4, 1776 - American Revolution: American forces win the Battle of Nassau in the Bahama

June 28, 1776 - American Revolution: The British at defeated near Charleston, SC at the Battle of Sullivan's Island

August 27, 1776 - American Revolution: Gen. George Washington is defeated at the Battle of Long Island

September 16, 1776 - American Revolution: American troops win the Battle of Harlem Heights

October 11, 1776 - American Revolution: Naval forces on Lake Champlain fight the Battle of Valcour Island

October 28, 1776 - American Revolution: The British force the Americans to retreat at the Battle of White Plains

November 16, 1776 - American Revolution: British troops win the Battle of Fort Washington

December 26, 1776 - American Revolution: American troops win a daring victory at the Battle of Trenton

January 2, 1777 - American Revolution: American troops hold at the Battle of the Assunpink Creek near Trenton, NJ

January 3, 1777 - American Revolution: American forces win the Battle of Princeton

April 27, 1777 - American Revolution: British forces win the Battle of Ridgefield

July 2-6, 1777 - American Revolution: British forces win the Siege of Fort Tinconderoga

July 7, 1777 - American Revolution: Colonel Seth Warner fights a determined rearguard action at the Battle of Hubbardton

August 6, 1777 - American Revolution: American forces are beaten at the Battle of Oriskany

September 3, 1777 - American Revolution: American and British troops clash at the Battle of Cooch's Bridge

September 11, 1777 - American Revolution - The Continental Army is defeated at the Battle of Brandywine

September 26-November 16, 1777 - American Revolution: American forces fight the Siege of Fort Mifflin

October 4, 1777 - American Revolution: British forces win the Battle of Germantown

September 19 & October 7, 1777 - American Revolution: Continental forces win the Battle of Saratoga

Decebmer 19, 1777-June 19, 1778 - American Revolution: The Continental Army winters at Valley Forge

June 28, 1778 - American Revolution: American troops engage the British at the Battle of Monmouth

July 3, 1778 - American Revolution: Colonial forces are beaten at the Battle of Wyoming

August 29, 1778 - American Revolution: The Battle of Rhode Island is fought north of Newport

February 14, 1779 - American Revolution: American forces win the Battle of Kettle Creek

July 16, 1779 - American Revolution: Brigadier General Anthony Wayne wins the Battle of Stony Point

July 24-August 12, 1779 - American Revolution: The American Penobscot Expedition is defeated

August 19, 1779 - American Revolution: Battle of Paulus Hook is fought

September 16-October 18, 1779 - American Revolution: French & American troops conduct the failed Siege of Savannah

September 23, 1779 - American Revolution: John Paul Jones captures HMS Serapis

March 29-May 12 - American Revolution: British forces win the Siege of Charleston

May 29, 1780 - American Revolution: American forces are defeated at the Battle of Waxhaws

October 7, 1780 - American Revolution: American militia wins the Battle of Kings Mountain in South Carolina

January 17, 1781 - American Revolution: Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan wins the Battle of Cowpens

March 15, 1781 - American Revolution: American troops bleed the British at the Battle of Guilford Court House

April 25, 1781 - American Revolution: British troops win the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill in South Carolina

September 5, 1781 - American Revolution: French naval forces win the Battle of the Chesapeake

September 8, 1781 - American Revolution: British and American forces clash at the Battle of Eutaw Springs

October 19, 1781 - American Revolution: General Lord Charles Cornwallis surrenders to Gen. George Washington ending the Siege of Yorktown

April 9-12, 1782 - The British win the Battle of the Saintes

September 3, 1783 - American Revolution: American independence is granted and the war concluded by the Treaty of Paris

April 28, 1789 - Royal Navy: Acting Lieutenant Fletcher Christian deposes Lieutenant William Bligh during the Mutiny on the Bounty

July 9-10, 1790 - Russo-Swedish War: Swedish naval forces triumph in the Battle of Svensksund

April 20, 1792 - Wars of the French Revolution: The French Assembly votes to declare war on Austria beginning a series of conflicts in Europe

September 20, 1792 - Wars of the French Revolution: French forces win a victory over Prussia at the Battle of Valmy

June 1, 1794 - Wars of the French Revolution: Admiral Lord Howe defeats the French fleet at the Glorious First of June

August 20, 1794 - Northwest Indian War: General Anthony Wayne defeats the Western Confederacy at the Battle of Fallen Timbers

July 7, 1798 - Quasi-War: The US Congress rescinds all treaties with France beginning an undeclared naval war

August 1/2, 1798 - Wars of the French Revolution: Rear Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson destroys a French fleet at the Battle of the Nile