1800s Military History Timeline

1801-1900

Battle of Austerlitz. Public Domain

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February 9, 1801 - French Revolutionary Wars: The War of the Second Coalition ends when the Austrian and French sign the Treaty of Lunéville

April 2, 1801 - Vice Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson wins the Battle of Copenhagen

May 1801 - First Barbary War: Tripoli, Tangier, Algiers and Tunis declare war on the United States

March 25, 1802 - French Revolutionary Wars: Fighting between Britain and France ends with the Treaty of Amiens

May 18, 1803 - Napoleonic Wars: Fighting resumes between Britain and France

January 1, 1804 - Haitian Revolution: The thirteen-year war ends with the declaration of Haitian independence

February 16, 1804 - First Barbary War: American sailors sneak into Tripoli harbor and burn the captured frigate USS Philadelphia

March 17, 1805 - Napoleonic Wars: Austria joins the Third Coalition and declares war on France, with Russia joining a month later

June 10, 1805 - First Barbary War: The conflict ends when a treaty is signed between Tripoli and the United States

October 16-19, 1805 - Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon is victorious at the Battle of Ulm

October 21, 1805 - Napoleonic Wars: Nelson crushes the combined Franco-Spanish fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar

December 2, 1805 - Napoleonic Wars: The Austrians and Russians are crushed by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz

December 26, 1805 - Napoleonic Wars: The Austrians sign the Treaty of Pressburg ending the War of the Third Coalition

February 6, 1806 - Napoleonic Wars: The Royal Navy wins the Battle of San Domingo

Summer 1806 - Napoleonic Wars: The Fourth Coalition of Prussia, Russia, Saxony, Sweden and Britain is formed to fight France

October 15, 1806 - Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon and French forces defeat the Prussians at the Battles of Jena and Auerstädt

February 7-8, 1807 - Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon and Count von Bennigsen fight to a draw at the Battle of Eylau

June 14, 1807 - Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon routs the Russians at the Battle of Friedland, forcing Tsar Alexander to sign the Treaty of Tilsit which effectively ended the War of the Fourth Coalition

June 22, 1807 - Anglo-American Tensions: HMS Leopard fires on USS Chesapeake after the American ship refused to be allowed to be searched for British deserters

May 2, 1808 - Napoleonic Wars: The Peninsular War begins in Spain when the citizens of Madrid rebel against French occupation

August 21, 1808 - Napoleonic Wars: Lieutenant General Sir Arthur Wellesley defeats the French at the Battle of Vimeiro

January 18, 1809 - Napoleonic Wars: British forces evacuate northern Spain after the Battle of Corunna

April 10, 1809 - Napoleonic Wars: Austria and Britain begin the War of the Fifth Coalition

April 11-13, 1809 - Napoleonic Wars: The Royal Navy wins the Battle of the Basque Roads

June 5-6, 1809 - Napoleonic Wars: The Austrians are defeated by Napoleon at the Battle of Wagram

October 14, 1809 - Napoleonic Wars: The Treaty of Schönbrunn ends the War of the Fifth Coalition in a French victory

May 3-5, 1811 - Napoleonic Wars: British and Portuguese forces hold at the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro

March 16-April 6, 1812 - Napoleonic Wars: The Earl of Wellington lays siege to the city of Badajoz

June 18, 1812 - War of 1812: The United States declared war on Britain beginning the conflict

June 24, 1812 - Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon and the Grande Armée cross the Neman River beginning the invasion of Russia

August 16, 1812 - War of 1812: British forces win the Siege of Detroit

August 19, 1812 - War of 1812: USS Constitution captures HMS Guerriere to give the United States the first naval victory of the war

September 7, 1812 - Napoleonic Wars: The French defeat the Russians at the Battle of Borodino

September 5-12, 1812 - War of 1812: American forces holds out during the Siege of Fort Wayne

December 14, 1812- Napoleonic Wars: After a long retreat from Moscow, the French army leaves Russian soil

January 18-23, 1812 - War of 1812: American forces at beaten at the Battle of Frenchtown

Spring 1813 - Napoleonic Wars: Prussia, Sweden, Austria, Britain, and a number of the German states form the Sixth Coalition to take advantage of France's defeat in Russia

April 27, 1813 - War of 1812: American forces win the Battle of York

April 28-May 9, 1813 - War of 1812: British are repulsed at Siege of Fort Meigs

May 2, 1813 - Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon defeats Prussian and Russian forces at the Battle of Lützen

May 20-21, 1813 - Napoleonic Wars: Prussian and Russian forces are beaten at the Battle of Bautzen

May 27, 1813 - War of 1812: American forces land and capture Fort George

June 6, 1813 - War of 1812: American troops are beaten in confused fighting at the Battle of Stoney Creek

June 21, 1813 - Napoleonic Wars: British, Portuguese, and Spanish forces under Sir Arthur Wellesley defeat the French at the Battle of Vitoria

August 30, 1813 - Creek War: Red Stick warriors conduct the Fort Mims Massacre

September 10, 1813 - War of 1812: US naval forces under Commodore Oliver H. Perry defeat the British at the Battle of Lake Erie

October 16-19, 1813 - Napoleonic Wars: Prussian, Russian, Austrian, Swedish, and German troops defeat Napoleon at the Battle of Leipzig

October 26, 1813 - War of 1812 - American forces are held at the Battle of the Chateauguay

November 11, 1813 - War of 1812: American troops are beaten at the Battle of Crysler's Farm

August 30, 1813 - Napoleonic Wars: Coalition forces defeat the French at the Battle of Kulm

March 27, 1814 - Creek War: Major General Andrew Jackson wins the Battle of Horseshoe Bend

March 30, 1814 - Napoleonic Wars: Paris falls to Coalition forces

April 6, 1814 - Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba by the Treaty of Fontainebleau

July 25, 1814 - War of 1812: American and British forces fight the Battle of Lundy's Lane

August 24, 1814 - War of 1812: After defeating American forces at the Battle of Bladensburg, British troops burn Washington, DC

September 12-15, 1814 - War of 1812: British forces are defeated at the Battle of North Point and Fort McHenry

December 24, 1814 - War of 1812: The Treaty of Ghent is signed ending the war

January 8, 1815 - War of 1812: Unaware that the war has ended, General Andrew Jackson wins the Battle of New Orleans

March 1, 1815 - Napoleonic Wars: Landing at Cannes, Napoleon returns to France beginning the Hundred Days

June 16, 1815 - Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon wins his final victory at the Battle of Ligny

June 18, 1815 - Napoleonic Wars: Coalition forces led by the Duke of Wellington (Arthur Wellesley) defeat Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo ending the Napoleonic Wars

August 7, 1819 - Wars of South American Independence: General Simon Bolivar defeats Spanish forces in Colombia at the Battle of Boyaca

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March 17, 1821 - Greek War of Independence: The Maniots at Areopoli declare war on the Turks beginning the Greek War of Independence

1825 - Java War: Fighting begins between the Javanese under Prince Diponegoro and Dutch colonial forces

October 20, 1827 - Greek War of Independence: An allied fleet defeats the Ottomans at the Battle of Navarino

1830 - Java War: The conflict ends in a Dutch victory after Prince Diponegoro is captured

April 5, 1832-August 27, 1832 - Blackhawk War: US troops defeat an alliance of Native American forces in Illinois, Wisconsin, and Missouri

October 2, 1835 - Texas Revolution: The war begins with a Texan victory at the Battle of Gonzales

December 28, 1835 - Second Seminole War: Two companies of US soldiers, under Major Francis Dade, are massacred by the Seminoles in the first action of the conflict

March 6, 1836 - Texas Revolution: After 13 days of siege, the Alamo falls to Mexican forces

March 27, 1839 - Texas Revolution: Texan prisoners of war are executed at the Goliad Massacre

April 21, 1836 - Texas Revolution: The Texan Army under Sam Houston defeats the Mexicans at the Battle of San Jacinto, winning independence for Texas

December 28, 1836 - War of the Confederation: Chile declares war on the Peru-Bolivian Confederation beginning the conflict

December 1838 - First Afghan War: A British army under General William Elphinstone marches into Afghanistan starting the war

August 23, 1839 - First Opium War: British forces capture Hong Kong in the opening days of the war

August 25, 1839 - War of the Confederation: Following defeat at the Battle of Yungay, the Peru-Bolivian Confederation is dissolved, ending the war

January 5, 1842 - First Afghan War: Elphinstone's army is destroyed as it retreats from Kabul

August 1842 - First Opium War: After winning a string of victories, the British force the Chinese to sign the Treaty of Nanjing

January 28, 1846 - First Anglo-Sikh War: British forces defeat the Sikhs at the Battle of Aliwal

April 24, 1846 - Mexican-American War: Mexican forces rout a small US cavalry detachment in the "Thornton Affair"

May 3-9, 1846 - Mexican-American War: American forces hold out during the Siege of Fort Texas

May 8-9, 1846 - Mexican-American War: US forces under Brigadier General Zachary Taylor defeat the Mexicans at the Battle of Palo Alto and the Battle of Resaca de la Palma

February 22, 1847 - Mexican-American War: After capturing Monterrey, Taylor defeats Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista

March 9-September 12, 1847 - Mexican-American War: Landing at Vera Cruz, US forces led by General Winfield Scott conduct a brilliant campaign and capture Mexico City, effectively ending the war

April 18, 1847 - Mexican-American War: American troops win the Battle of Cerro Gordo

August 19-20, 1847 - Mexican-American War: The Mexicans are routed at the Battle of Contreras

August 20, 1847 - Mexican-American War: US forces triumph at the Battle of Churubusco

September 8, 1847 - Mexican American War: American forces win the Battle of Molino del Rey

Septebmer 13, 1847 - Mexican-American War: US troops capture Mexico City after the Battle of Chapultepec

March 28, 1854 - Crimean War: Britain and France declare war on Russia in support of the Ottoman Empire

September 20, 1854 - Crimean War: British and French forces win the Battle of Alma

September 11, 1855 - Crimean War: After an 11-month siege, the Russian port of Sevastopol falls to British and French troops

March 30, 1856 - Crimean War: The Treaty of Paris ends the conflict

October 8, 1856 - Second Opium War: Chinese officials board the British ship Arrow leading to the outbreak of hostilities

October 6, 1860 - Second Opium War: Anglo-French forces capture Beijing effectively ending the war

April 12, 1861 - American Civil War: Confederate forces open fire on Fort Sumter beginning the Civil War

June 10, 1861 - American Civil War: Union troops are beaten at the Battle of Big Bethel

July 21, 1861 - American Civil War: In the first major battle of the conflict, Union forces are defeated at Bull Run

August 10, 1861 - American Civil War: Confederate forces win the Battle of Wilson's Creek

August 28-29, 1861 - American Civil War: Union forces capture Hatteras Inlet during the Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries

October 21, 1861 - American Civil War: Union troops are beaten at the Battle of Ball's Bluff

November 7, 1861 - American Civil War: Union and Confederate forces fight the inconclusive Battle of Belmont

November 8, 1861 - American Civil War: Captain Charles Wilkes removed two Confederate diplomats from RMS Trent inciting The Trent Affair

January 19, 1862 - American Civil War: Brigadier General George H. Thomas wins the Battle of Mill Springs

February 6, 1862 - American Civil War: Union forces capture Fort Henry

February 11-16, 1862 - American Civil War: Confederate forces are defeated at the Battle of Fort Donelson

February 21, 1862 - American Civil War: Union forces are beaten at the Battle of Valverde

March 7-8, 1862 - American Civil War: Union troops win the Battle of Pea Ridge

March 9, 1862 - American Civil War: USS Monitor fights CSS Virginia in the first battle between ironclads

March 23, 1862 - American Civil War: Confederate troops are defeated at the First Battle of Kernstown

March 26-28, 1862 - American Civil War: Union forces successfully defend New Mexico at the Battle of Glorieta Pass

April 6-7, 1862 - American Civil War: Major General Ulysses S. Grant is surprised but wins the Battle of Shiloh

April 5-May 4 - American Civil War: Union troops conduct the Siege of Yorktown

April 10-11, 1862 - American Civil War: Union forces capture Fort Pulaski

April 12, 1862 - American Civil War: The Great Locomotive Chase takes place in northern Georgia

April 25, 1862 - American Civil War: Flag Officer David G. Farragut captures New Orleans for the Union

May 5, 1862 - American Civil War: The Battle of Williamsburg is fought during the Peninsula Campaign

May 8, 1862 - American Civil War: Confederate & Union troops clash at the Battle of McDowell

May 25, 1862 - American Civil War - Confederate troops win the First Battle of Winchester

June 8, 1862 - American Civil War: Confederate forces win the Battle of Cross Keys in the Shenandoah Valley

June 9, 1862 - American Civil War: Union forces lose the Battle of Port Republic

June 25, 1862-  American Civil War: Forces meet at the Battle of Oak Grove

June 26, 1862 - American Civil War: Union troops win the Battle of Beaver Dam Creek (Mechanicsville)

June 27, 1862 - American Civil War: Confederate forces overwhelm the Union V Corps at the Battle of Gaines' Mill

June 29, 1862 - American Civil War: Union troops fight the inconclusive Battle of Savage's Station

June 30, 1862 - American Civil War: Union forces hold at the Battle of Glendale (Frayser's Farm)

July 1, 1862 - American Civil War: The Seven Days Battles ended with the Union victory at the Battle of Malvern Hill

August 9, 1862 - American Civil War: Major General Nathaniel Banks is defeated at the Battle of Cedar Mountain

August 28-30, 1862 - American Civil War: General Robert E. Lee wins a stunning victory at the Second Battle of Manassas

September 1, 1862 - American Civil War: Union and Confederate forces fight the Battle of Chantilly

September 12-15 - American Civil War: Confederate troops win the Battle of Harpers Ferry

September 15, 1862 - American Civil War: Union forces triumph at the Battle of South Mountain

September 17, 1862 - American Civil War: Union forces win a strategic victory at the Battle of Antietam

September 19, 1862 - American Civil War: Confederate forces are beaten at the Battle of Iuka

October 3-4, 1862 - American Civil War: Union forces hold at the Second Battle of Corinth

October 8, 1862 - American Civil War: Union and Confederate forces clash in Kentucky at the Battle of Perryville

December 7, 1862 - American Civil War: Armies fight the Battle of Prairie Grove in Arkansas

December 13, 1862 - American Civil War: The Confederates win the Battle of Fredericksburg

December 26-29, 1862 - American Civil War: Union forces are held at the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou

December 31, 1862-January 2, 1863 - American Civil War: Union and Confederate forces clash at the Battle of Stones River

May 1-6, 1863 - American Civil War: Confederate forces win a stunning victory at the Battle of Chancellorsville

May 12, 1863 - American Civil War: Confederate forces are beaten at the Battle of Raymond during the Vicksburg Campaign

May 16, 1863 - American Civil War: Union forces win a key victory at the Battle of Champion Hill

May 17, 1863 - American Civil War: Confederate forces are beaten at the Battle of Big Black River Bridge

May 18-July 4, 1863 - American Civil War: Union troops conduct the Siege of Vicksburg

May 21-July 9, 1863 - American Civil War: Union troops under Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Banks conduct the Siege of Port Hudson

June 9, 1863 - American Civil War: Cavalry forces fight the Battle of Brandy Station

July 1-3, 1863 - American Civil War: Union forces under Maj. Gen. George G. Meade win the Battle of Gettysburg and turn the tide in the East

Timeline Home | to 1000 | 1001-1200 | 1201-1400 | 1401-1600 | 1601-1800 | 1901-present

July 4, 1863 - American Civil War: After a six-week siege, the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg falls to Union troops under Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant

September 18-20, 1863 - American Civil War: General Braxton Bragg wins the Battle of Chickamauga

November 23-25, 1863 - American Civil War: Union forces under Maj.

Gen. Ulysses S. Grant win the Battle of Chattanooga

October 13-November 7, 1863 - American Civil War: Union troops are thwarted in the Bristoe Campaign

November-December, 1863 - American Civil War: Confederate troops conduct the Knoxville Campaign

November 26-December 2, 1863 - American Civil War: Union and Confederate troops fight the Mine Run Campaign

February 17, 1864 - American Civil War: USS Housatonic becomes the first ship sunk by a submarine when it is attacked by H.L. Hunley

February 20, 1864 - American Civil War: Confederate troops win the Battle of Olustee in Florida

April 8, 1864 - American Civil War: Union troops are beaten at the Battle of Mansfield

May 5-7, 1864 - American Civil War: The Overland Campaign starts with the Battle of the Wilderness

May 8-21, 1864 - American Civil War: Union and Confederate forces fight the blooyd Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

May 23-26, 1864 - American Civil War: Union and Confederate forces meet at the Battle of North Anna

May 11, 1864 - American Civil War - Union cavalry wins the Battle of Yellow Tavern

May 13-15, 1864 - American Civil War: In the opening fight of the Atlanta Campaign, Union and Confederate troops meet at the Battle of Resaca

May 23-26, 1864 - American Civil War: Union and Confederate forces meet at the Battle of North Anna

May 31-June 12, 1864 - American Civil War: Union troops are repulsed at the Battle of Cold Harbor

June 5, 1864 - American Civil War: Union forces in the Shenandoah Valley win the Battle of Piedmont

June 9, 1864-April 2, 1865 - American Civil War: Union and Confederate forces fight the Siege of Petersburg

June 27, 1864 - American Civil War: Union forces are repulsed at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain

June 10, 1864 - American Civil War: Confederate troops win the Battle of Brice's Cross Roads

June 11-12, 1864 - American Civil War: Union cavalry fights the Battle of Trevilian Station

June 19, 1864 - American Civil War: USS sinks the Confederate raider CSS Alabama

June 21-23, 1864 - American Civil War: Union and Confederate forces fight the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road

July 9, 1864 - American Civil War: Union forces delay the Confederates at the Battle of Monocacy

July 20, 1864 - American Civil War: Union troops win the Battle of Peachtree Creek near Atlanta

July 28, 1864 - American Civil War: The Confederates are turned back at the Battle of Ezra Church

July 22, 1864 - American Civil War: Confederate forces lose the Battle of Atlanta

August 18-21, 1864 - American Civil War: Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K.

Warren wins the Battle of Globe Tavern

August 31-September 1, 1864 - American Civil War: Union forces win the Battle of Jonesboro (Jonesborough)

September 2, 1864 - American Civil War: Union troops under Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman capture Atlanta

September 19, 1964 - American Civil War: Confederate forces are defeated at the Third Battle of Winchester (Opequon)

September 21-22, 1864 - American Civil War: Union troops win the Battle of Fisher's Hill in the Shenandoah Valley

October 2, 1864 - American Civil War: Union and Confederate forces fight the Battle of Peebles Farm

October 19, 1864 - American Civil War: Union troops recover to win the Battle of Cedar Creek

October 27-28, 1864 - American Civil War: The Battle of Boydton Plank Road is fought south of Petersburg, VA

November 29, 1864 - American Civil War: Union troops escape after the Battle of Spring Hill

November 30, 1864 - American Civil War: General John Bell Hood loses the Battle of Franklin

December 15-16, 1864 - American Civil War: The Army of Tennessee is effectively destroyed at the Battle of Nashville

January 13-15, 1865 - American Civil War: Union troops capture Fort Fisher

February 5-7, 1865 - American Civil War: Battle of Hatcher's Run is fought near Petersburg.

March 16, 1865 - American Civil War: Union and Confederate forces meet at Averasborough

March 19-21, 1865 - American Civil War: Union forces win the Battle of Bentonville

March 25, 1865 - American Civil War: Confederate forces are beaten at the Battle of Fort Stedman

April 1, 1865 - American Civil War: Major General Philip Sheridan wins the Battle of Five Forks for the Union

April 2/3, 1865 - American Civil War: After a ten-month siege, Union forces capture Petersburg, VA, compelling General Robert E. Lee to retreat west

April 6, 1865 - American Civil War: Union forces triumph at the Battle of Sayler's Creek

April 9, 1865 - American Civil War: Gen. Robert E. Lee surrenders to Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, VA

April 26, 1865 - American Civil War: Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrenders to Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman at Durham, NC

June 15, 1866-August 23, 1866 - Austro-Prussian War: Prussian forces defeat the Austrians in a lightening seven-week conflict

July 19, 1870 - Franco-Prussian War: After Prussian provocation, France declares war on Prussia

August 6, 1870 - Franco-Prussian War: Prussian forces win the Battle of Woerth

September 1, 1870 - Franco-Prussian War: Prussian forces crush a French army and capture Emperor Napoleon III at the Battle of Sedan

September 19, 1870-January 28, 1871 - Franco-Prussian War: Prussian forces successfully lay siege to Paris

May 10, 1871 - Franco-Prussian War: The Treaty of Frankfurt ends the conflict in Prussian victory

June 25, 1876 - Indian Wars: The US 7th Cavalry under Lt. Colonel George A. Custer is routed at the Battle of the Little Bighorn

January 22, 1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: The Zulus massacre British troops at the Battle of Isandlwana

January 22-23, 1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: British forces successfully defend Rourke's Drift

March 29, 1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: British troops win the Battle of Kambula

July 27, 1880 - Second Anglo-Afghan War: Afghan troops rout British forces under Brig. Gen. George Burrows at the Battle of Maiwand

March 13, 1884-January 26, 1885 - Mahdist War: Mahdist troops conduct the Siege of Khartoum

March 25, 1886 - Indian Wars: Apache leader Geronimo surrenders to General Nelson Miles

August 1, 1894-April 17, 1895 - First Sino-Japanese War: Chinese and Japanese forces battle over Korea

August 27, 1896 - Anglo-Zanzibar War: British and Zanzibar forces clash in the shortest war in recorded history

February 15, 1898 - Spanish-American War: USS Maine explodes in Havana harbor

July 1, 1898 - Spanish-American War: American troops win the Battle of San Juan Hill

July 3, 1898 - Spanish-American War: The US fleet under Rear Admiral William T. Sampson wins the Battle of Santiago de Cuba

October 11, 1899-May 31, 1902 - Second Boer War: British troops battle Boer forces in South Africa

Late 1899-July 4, 1902 - Philippine Insurrection: US troops fight to put down Filipino insurgent forces

November 2, 1899 - Second Boer War: The Siege of Ladysmith begins

January 23-24, 1900 - Second Boer War: British troops are beaten at the Battle of Spion Kop

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Hickman, Kennedy. "1800s Military History Timeline." ThoughtCo, Aug. 29, 2016, thoughtco.com/1800s-military-history-timeline-2361263. Hickman, Kennedy. (2016, August 29). 1800s Military History Timeline. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/1800s-military-history-timeline-2361263 Hickman, Kennedy. "1800s Military History Timeline." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/1800s-military-history-timeline-2361263 (accessed December 13, 2017).