First Grade Math - 1st Grade Math Course of Study

First Grade Math

The following list provides you with the basic concepts that should be attained by the end of the school year. Mastery of the concepts at the previous grade is assumed. All 1st grade worksheets.


  • Read, print, locate, compare, order, represent, estimate, identify numbers to 100 and mentally add numbers to 10
  • Count by 2's, 5's and 10's to one hundred, count backwards from any given point from 100
  • Understand number conservation - 6 pennies is represented by a 6 etc.
  • Understand 1/2 and use the term applied to every day situations
  • Recognize coins, add pennies and take away pennies


  • Use and understand more than, less than, the same as, heavier than, lighter than, taller than etc.
  • Tell time to the half and full hour with both analog and digital clocks
  • Compare objects by several attributes and classify them (red small squares, red large triangles etc.)
  • Understand temperature differences outside and inside, colder weather and hotter weather
  • Measure items with non-standard units of measure (pencil lengths, finger widths etc.)


  • Describe, identify, create and sort shapes (squares, triangles, circles, rectangles etc.)
  • Describe similarities and differences in 3 dimensional objects (some slide, some roll etc.)
  • Construct pictures using a variety of shapes that can be identified
  • Recognize symmetry in drawings and shapes Move shapes in front of, beside, behind, ahead of etc.


  • Identify, describe and extend patterns of numbers, shapes, colors or words e.g., **-+**-+**-+ or 1,3,5,7
  • Find patterns in counting charts to 100
  • [Count by 2's]
  • Be able to talk about pattern rules. 1,3,5 is skip a number etc.


  • Use graphs to record number of pets, hair colour temperature etc.
  • Conduct simple surveys and generate 'yes', 'no' questions

Practice first-grade math skills with these word problem worksheets.

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Your Citation
Russell, Deb. "First Grade Math - 1st Grade Math Course of Study." ThoughtCo, Apr. 5, 2023, Russell, Deb. (2023, April 5). First Grade Math - 1st Grade Math Course of Study. Retrieved from Russell, Deb. "First Grade Math - 1st Grade Math Course of Study." ThoughtCo. (accessed June 5, 2023).