2005 Hurricane Season - Storms and Damage

In May, scientists suggested that the 2005 hurricane season would be active, "above normal." In August, the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAH) revised this prediction upward, to 18-21 named storms with 9-11 hurricanes. Climatologists believe that 2005 will be one of the busiest seasons on record; the record is 21 named storms. Some scientists link this increased activity to global warming.



Each time a hurricane hits the US, all citizens feel the pinch due to federal emergency funds. According to Bloomberg: 

  • Insurers paid a record $22.9 billion last year for four Florida hurricanes. Storm-related payouts almost erased third- quarter earnings last year at Allstate, the biggest publicly traded auto and home insurer.

The season began on 1 June 2005; it ends on 30 November 2005. Two tropical storms formed in June, five formed in July and four in August.

Records set in 2005:

  • Only season to have two hurricanes reach Category 4 before the end of July
  • Most storms to form during the month of July (five)
  • Strongest storm on record before August
  • Hurricane Katrina ranks in the top five most intense Atlantic hurricanes and is the third most intense hurricane, based on pressure, to make landfall in the US.

This is a regularly updated list of 2005 tropical storms and hurricanes, with details on their effects.

  1. Arlene - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    Born almost two months earlier than the first storm in 2004. Crossed Cuba and hit the US on 11 June just west of Pensacola, FL.
     
  2. Bret - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    Landfall in Mexico on 29 June.
     
  3. Cindy - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    Landfall in Mexico on 4 July and Mississipi gulf coast on 5 July.
     
  1. Hurricane Dennis - Category 4
    131-155 mph wind
    The strongest storm on record to form before August.
    Crossed over Cuba on 8 July; landfall near Pensacola, FL on 10 July. Affected the Gulf coast and moved up to Tennessee.
    Estimated damage: $5-9 billion, placing it in the top 10 most costly hurricanes on record (2005 dollars).
     
  2. Hurricane Emily - Category 4
    131-155 mph wind
    Broke Dennis' record, becoming strongest storm to form before August on 16 July
    Landfall on 18 July in eastern Mexico.
     
  3. Franklin - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    The first time the sixth named storm has occurred this early in the season.
    Paralleled the eastern seaboard.
     
  4. Gert - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    Landfall in Mexico on 25 July.
     
  5. Harvey - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    Passed south of Bermuda on 4 August.
     
  6. Hurricane Irene - Category 1
    74-95 mph wind
    Named a hurricane on 14 August; no threat to land.
     
  7. Tropical Depression #10 - formed 13 August
     
  8. José - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    Landfall in Mexico on 23 August.
     
  9. Hurricane Katrina - Category 5
    > 155 mph wind
    Made landfall near North Miami on 24 August; crossed into the Gulf and picked up strength. Hit east of New Orleans on 29 August. President Bush declared a state of emergency in Louisiana on the 27th.
    Katrina reached sustained winds of 175 mph, shutting down oil production in the Gulf of Mexico (the source of 25% of the US oil supply)
    For the first time, a mandatory evacuation was issued for New Orleans; most of the city sits below sea level.
    Originally: estimated damage: $10-30 billion, placing it in the top 10 most costly hurricanes on record (2005 dollars). Current estimated damage $100-200 billion, making it the most expensive natural disaster in US history. Complete coverage and Katrina Timeline
     

     


    Article Contents:

     

    • 2005 Hurricane Season
    • 2005 Hurricane Season - Page 2
    • Most Costly and Deadly Hurricanes - Pre-2005
    • 13. Tropical Depression #13 - formed 28 August

      14. Lee - Tropical Storm - formed 28 August

      15. Hurrican Maria - Formed 1 September

      16. Hurrican Nate - Formed 5 September

      17. Hurricane Ophelia - Formed 6 September. Threatened Carolinas and eastern seaboard but skirted the coastline.

      18. Philippe - Formed 17 September. Became a named Tropical Storm at 11 pm.

      19. Hurricane Rita - Formed 17 September. Became a named Tropical Storm at 5 pm Sunday 18 September. Brushed the Florida Keys. Became a Cat5 hurricane before hitting the northeast Texas Gulf Coast as a Cat3 hurricane on Saturday 24 September.

      20. Hurricane Stan - Formed Saturday 1 October. Made landfall 4 October near Veracruz as a Cat1 hurricane. Responsible for floods and landslides that killed more than 1,000 people in Guatemala and El Salvador.

      21. Tropical Storm Tammy - Formed Wednesday 5 October. Weakened to tropical depression on Thursday.

      22. Hurricane Vince - Formed Sunday 9 October in an "unusual location" - upgraded to hurricane the same day. Made landfall in Spain on Tuesday, as a tropical storm.

      23. Tropical Storm Wilma - Formed Saturday 15 October; became a tropical storm Monday morning. Forecast to hit US Gulf Coast.


      Article Contents:
      • 2005 Hurricane Season
      • 2005 Hurricane Season - Page 2
      • Most Costly and Deadly Hurricanes - Pre-2005
      updated 30 August 2005

      10 Most Costly US Hurricanes (pre-2005)

      (2005 - inflation adjusted - dollars)
      1. Hurricane Andrew - Cat5 (165 mph) - > $36 billion - August 1992 - Southeast FL and LA
      2. Hurricane Charley - Cat4 (150 mph) - > $14 billion - August 2004 - FL
      3. Hurricane Hugo - Cat4 (160 mph) - > $14 billion - September 1989 - Charleston, SC; Atlantic seaboard
      4. Hurricane Ivan - Cat3 (165 mph) - > $14 billion - September 2004 - FL, Al
      1. Hurricane Agnes - Cat1 (85mph) - $10-12 billion - June 1972 - FL, Atlantic Seaboard
      2. Hurricane Camille - Cat5 (190 mph) - $7.5 billion - August 1969 - AL, MS, LS
      3. Hurricane Frederic - Cat3 (130 mph) - $4-8 billion - September 1979 - FL, Al, MS
      4. Hurricane Jeanne - Cat3 (120 mph) - > $6.9 billion - > September 2004 - east TX
      5. Hurricane Floyd - Cat3 (155 mph) - > $6.5 billion - September 1999 - Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern Seaboard
      6. Hurricane Georges - Cat2 (155 mph) - > $6.5 billion - October 1998 - Puerto Rico, Cuba, FL Keys, MS, AL
      Data from Wikipedia (hurricane links) and NOAH

      5 Most Deadly Hurricanes in US History

      1. Galveston, Texas 1900 - Cat4 - September 1900 - TX - deaths: 8,000-12,000 (est)
      2. Florida 1928 - Cat4 - September 1928 - FL - deaths: 1,836
      3. Florida and Texas 1919 - Cat4 - September 1919 - FL, TX - deaths: 600-900 (est)
      4. New England 1938 - Cat3 - September 1938 - Long Island, NY; MS, CT - deaths: about 600
      1. Florida Keys 1935 - Cat5 - Labor Day weekend 1935 - FL Keys - deaths: 423


      Article Contents:
      • 2005 Hurricane Season
      • 2005 Hurricane Season - Page 2
      • Most Costly and Deadly Hurricanes - Pre-2005