2nd Grade Math Course of Study

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The following list provides you with the basic concepts that should be attained by the end of the school year. Mastery of the concepts at the previous grade is assumed.


  • Read print numbers to 20 and locate, compare, order, represent, estimate, identify numbers to 1000 and mentally add and subtract numbers to 20
  • Understand place value to be able to trade 10 ones for a ten, etc.
  • Count by 1's, 2's, 5's, 10's beyond 100.
  • Locate numbers when requested to 1000
  • Understand the reverse properties of whole numbers 5+7 is the same as 7+5
  • Add and subtract two-digit numbers (no carrying/regrouping)
  • Introduction to division using sharing as examples
  • Count by skipping numbers when requested
  • Add and subtract coins up to $1.00
  • Compute word problems with addition and subtraction, (We have 20 children in swimming class, 8 are boys, how many are girls?)


  • Use and understand more than, less than, the same as, heavier than, lighter than, taller than etc.
  • Measure with a variety of cups, rulers and measuring spoons
  • Time - hours, minutes and seconds
  • Use the terms inches, feet, yards, centimeters, meters etc.
  • Know the months of the year and tell time to the quarter hour
  • Use a thermometer and count money to a dollar including being able to create different sets that equal a dollar
  • Compare a variety of measurement tools


  • Describe, identify, create and sort and build with shapes (squares, triangles, circles, rectangles etc.)
  • Identify a variety of geometric shapes in everyday structures
  • Compare and sort 2- and 3-dimensional shapes (3-D terms include sphere, prism cones etc.)
  • Extend and make patterns with shapes
  • Determine lines of symmetry, flips, slides, turns, and transformations of shapes
  • Describe locations on a grid - up four and over two etc.


  • Identify, describe, reorganize and extend patterns with more than one attribute
  • Give specific rules about patterns for numbers, shapes, pictures, and objects
  • Identify and describe patterns in the world around us (wallpaper, paint etc)


  • Use graphs to record number of pets, hair color temperature with 1 and 2 attributes
  • Design or construct bar graphs and include pertinent information
  • Interpret a variety of picture and bar graphs and give explanations
  • Investigate what happens when coins are flipped and die are rolled

All Grades

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Russell, Deb. "2nd Grade Math Course of Study." ThoughtCo, Apr. 5, 2023, thoughtco.com/2nd-grade-math-course-of-study-2312588. Russell, Deb. (2023, April 5). 2nd Grade Math Course of Study. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/2nd-grade-math-course-of-study-2312588 Russell, Deb. "2nd Grade Math Course of Study." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/2nd-grade-math-course-of-study-2312588 (accessed June 5, 2023).