# A Place Value Template to Support Learning Tens and Ones

Place value—which refers to the value of digits based on their position—is an important concept that is taught as early as kindergarten. As students learn about larger numbers, the concept of place value continues throughout the middle grades. Place value is vital to foster your students' understanding of money, especially since American and Canadian dollars, as well as Euros, are based on a decimal system. Being able to understand place value will help students when they need to begin learning decimals, the foundation for understanding data in later grades.

A place value template highlighting the tens and ones place can prove helpful to students. Pair the place value template below with place value manipulatives (objects such as cubes, rods, pennies, or pieces of candy that students can touch and hold) to give your pupils lots of practice creating two-digit numbers.

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## Place Value Tens and Ones Template

Print out this free template on cardstock—you can even use colored cardstock—and laminate it. Provide a template for each student in your math group. Distribute place value blocks, such as rods (for tens) and cubes (for ones) to your students.

Model creating two-digit numbers on an overhead projector with the template, rods, and cubes. Create two-digit numbers, such as 48, 36, and 87. Give students fine-tipped colored markers. Have them write how many tens and ones are in each number they display on their templates and then write the double-digit number on the line in the middle. Have your students read the numbers they have created.

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## Let Students Participate

Then, turn the tables and let individual students go up to the overhead projector and create numbers on the template. Once they have created the number on the template with ten rods and ones cubes, have them check their peers' work.

Another turn-the-table activity would be to dictate numbers and have students create the numbers with their rods and cubes on their template. As they listen to the number name—such as 87, 46, and 33—they create a model with rods and cubes on their templates.

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## Use Recitation

Recitation is a powerful tool to help "glue" concepts in the students' mind. Call on students to read the numbers they have created or have the class say the two-digit number names in unison as you display the numbers on the overhead projector using the tens-and-ones-place template.

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## Use a Hundreds Chart

A hundreds chart can also be used to help students visualize and understand two-digit numbers from one to one hundred. The hundreds chart is essentially another template to help students learn their tens and ones place values. Have students place a ten rod on each row, and then place the ones cubes, one at a time, on the next row. Eventually, they will be able to identify and read the numbers.

The "tens" box is 10 centimeters high, but only 9 centimeters wide, so the most tens it can hold are nine. When a child reaches ten, have her replace it with a hundred "flat," a manipulative that displays 100 cubes in a compact form.

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