Helpful German Expressions to Organize Your Writing

Using expressions to organize ideas

If you feel that your German writing assignments sound choppy or stilted, try incorporating some of the following expressions to make your writing flow better.

Listing and Ordering Facts and Ideas

  • First of all, first - zunächst, erstens
  • Secondly, thirdly - zweitens, drittens (see Numbers)
  • besides - außerdem
  • then - dann
  • incidentally – übrigens
  • further - darüber hinaus
  • above all - vor allem
  • lastly, finally - letztendlich, schließlich

    Introducing and Stating Examples

    • For example - zum Beispiel (abbreviated as z.B.)
    • An example, as in "I would like to give an example"—ich möchte ein Beispiel anführen
    • Referring to point/example… - dabei sei auf Punkt/Beispiel… hingewiesen
    • namely - und zwar

     

    To Clarify a Point

    • In other words - Mit anderen Worten, anders ausgedrückt
    • This signifies particularly... - Dies gilt besonders für...
    • This means - Dies bedeutet

    Writing a Summary or Conclusion

    • In a nutshell- Im Großen und Ganzen
    • In a word- Kurz und gut
    • In conclusion - zum Schluss
    • To conclude, one can say that… - Zusammenfassend lässt sich sagen, dass..

     

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    Bauer, Ingrid. "Helpful German Expressions to Organize Your Writing." ThoughtCo, Apr. 13, 2017, thoughtco.com/about-german-writing-1445259. Bauer, Ingrid. (2017, April 13). Helpful German Expressions to Organize Your Writing. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/about-german-writing-1445259 Bauer, Ingrid. "Helpful German Expressions to Organize Your Writing." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/about-german-writing-1445259 (accessed May 27, 2018).