Spanish Verb Acostarse Conjugation

Acostarse Conjugation, Usage and Examples

Girl Sleeping
La niña se acuesta temprano todos los días (The girl goes to bed early every day). Yasser Chalid / Getty Images

The Spanish verb acostarse means to lay down or to go to bed. Since this verb is most commonly used in its reflexive form, the conjugation for acostarse in this article includes the reflexive pronouns (me, te, se, nos, os, se). Below you can find tables with conjugations for acostarse in the present, past and future indicative, present and past subjunctive, as well as the imperative and other verb forms.

Acostarse: Reflexive Verb

You will notice that the infinitive form of acostarse has the reflexive pronoun se. This indicates that it is a reflexive verb in which the action returns to the subject who does the action. For example, you can think of yo me acuesto as "I lay myself down" or "I put myself to bed." Some examples of how this verb is used are Ella se acuesta temprano (She goes to bed early) or Nosotros nos acostamos en el piso (We lay down on the floor). More figuratively, this verb can be used with the meaning of having sexual relations with someone, or "sleeping" with someone. For example, El hombre se acostó con su novia would be translated as "The man slept with his girlfriend."

You can also use the verb acostar without the reflexive pronounin which case it means to lay something or someone down, or to put someone to bed. For example, you can say Él acuesta a los niños temprano (He puts the kids to bed early) or Los enfermeros acostaron al paciente en la camilla (The nurses laid the patient down on the stretcher).

Acostar is a stem-changing verb like almorzar. This means that in some conjugations, there is a change in the vowel of the verb stem. In this case, the o changes to ue.

Acostarse Present Indicative

Since acostarse is a stem-changing verb, the in the stem changes to ue for all the present tense conjugations except nosotros and vosotros. Also, note that when conjugating a reflexive verb, the corresponding reflexive pronoun for each person is included before the conjugated verb.

Yo me acuesto I lay down Yo me acuesto en la cama.
te acuestas You lay down Tú te acuestas para la siesta.
Usted/él/ella se acuesta You/he/she lays down Ella se acuesta después de almorzar.
Nosotros nos acostamos We lay down Nosotros nos acostamos en la hamaca.
Vosotros os acostáis You lay down Vosotros os acostáis para descansar.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas se acuestan You/they lay down Ellos se acuestan en la alfombra.

Acostarse Preterite Indicative

The verb acostarse does not have a stem change in the preterite indicative tense.

Yo me acosté I laid down Yo me acosté en la cama.
te acostaste You laid down Tú te acostaste para la siesta.
Usted/él/ella se acostó You/he/she laid down Ella se acostó después de almorzar.
Nosotros nos acostamos We laid down Nosotros nos acostamos en la hamaca.
Vosotros os acostasteis You (plural) laid down Vosotros os acostasteis para descansar.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas se acostaron You(plural)/they laid down Ellos se acostaron en la alfombra.

Acostarse Imperfect Indicative

The imperfect tense is used to talk about repeated or ongoing actions in the past, and can be translated as "I was laying down" or "I used to lay down". There is no stem change for this verb in the imperfect tense.

Yo me acostaba I used to lay down Yo me acostaba en la cama.
te acostabas You used to lay down Tú te acostabas para la siesta.
Usted/él/ella se acostaba You/he/she used to lay down Ella se acostaba después de almorzar.
Nosotros nos acostábamos We used to lay down Nosotros nos acostábamos en la hamaca.
Vosotros os acostabais You used to lay down Vosotros os acostabais para descansar.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas se acostaban You/they used to lay down Ellos se acostaban en la alfombra.

Acostarse Future Indicative

Yo me acostaré I will lay down Yo me acostaré en la cama.
te acostarás You will lay down Tú te acostarás para la siesta.
Usted/él/ella se acostará You/he/she will lay down Ella se acostará después de almorzar.
Nosotros nos acostaremos We will lay down Nosotros nos acostaremos en la hamaca.
Vosotros os acostaréis You will lay down Vosotros os acostaréis para descansar.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas se acostarán You/they will lay down Ellos se acostarán en la alfombra.

Acostarse Periphrastic Future Indicative

The periphrastic future is formed with the auxiliary verb ir (to go) in the present indicative, followed by the preposition a, plus the infinitive of the verb. When conjugating a reflexive verb in the periphrastic future tense, the reflexive pronoun is placed before the conjugated auxiliary verb, which in this case is ir (voy, vas, va, vamos, vais, van). 

Yo me voy a acostar I am going to lay down Yo me voy a acostar en la cama.
te vas a acostar You are going to lay down Tú te vas a acostar para la siesta.
Usted/él/ella se va a acostar You/he/she is going to lay down Ella se va a acostar después de almorzar.
Nosotros nos vamos a acostar We are going to lay down Nosotros nos vamos a acostar en la hamaca.
Vosotros os vais a acostar You are going to lay down Vosotros os vais a acostar para descansar.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas se van a acostar You/they are going to lay down Ellos se van a acostar en la alfombra.

Acostarse Conditional Indicative

The conditional tense is used to talk about possibilities or probabilities, and it can be translated as "would + verb" in English. For example, Tú te acostarías si tuvieras tiempo means "You would lay down if you had time."

Yo me acostaría I would lay down Yo me acostaría en la cama.
te acostarías You would lay down Tú te acostarías para la siesta.
Usted/él/ella se acostaría You/he/she would lay down Ella se acostaría después de almorzar.
Nosotros nos acostaríamos We would lay down Nosotros nos acostaríamos en la hamaca.
Vosotros os acostaríais You would lay down Vosotros os acostaríais para descansar.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas se acostarían You/they would lay down Ellos se acostarían en la alfombra.

Acostarse Present Progressive/Gerund form

The present progressive tense is formed with the present indicative form of the auxiliary verb estar (to be), followed by the present participle or gerund. For -ar verbs, the present participle is formed with the ending -ando. Remember that the reflexive pronoun is placed before the conjugated auxiliary verb (estar), since the auxiliary verb and the participle cannot be separated.

Present Progressive of Acostarse: se está acostando

She is laying down. -> Ella se está acostando en la cama.

Acostarse Past Participle

The past participle is used to form compound tenses, such as the present perfect. The present perfect is formed with the present indicative form of the verb haber, followed by the past participle, which in this case is formed with the ending -ado. Here again the reflexive pronoun is placed before the conjugated verb (haber).

Present Perfect of Acostarse: se ha acostado

She has laid down. -> Ella se ha acostado para la siesta.

Acostarse Present Subjunctive

The subjunctive mood is used to talk about emotions, doubts, desires, probabilities, and other subjective situations. In the present subjunctive, there is a stem-change for all of the conjugations except nosotros and vosotros. 

Que yo me acueste That I lay down Eric quiere que yo me acueste en la cama.
Que tú te acuestes That you lay down Marisa quiere que tú te acuestes para la siesta.
Que usted/él/ella se acueste That you/he/she lay down Hugo quiere que ella se acueste después de almorzar.
Que nosotros nos acostemos That we lay down Fernanda quiere que nosotros nos acostemos en la hamaca.
Que vosotros os acostéis That you lay down Daniel quiere que vosotros os acostéis para descansar.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas se acuesten That you/they lay down Larisa quiere que ellos se acuesten en la alfombra.

Acostarse Imperfect Subjunctive

The imperfect subjunctive is used in similar situations as the present subjunctive, except that it refers to situations in the past.

Option 1

Que yo me acostara That I laid down Eric quería que yo me acostara en la cama.
Que tú te acostaras That you laid down Marisa quería que tú te acostaras para la siesta.
Que usted/él/ella se acostara That you/he/she laid down Hugo quería que ella se acostara después de almorzar.
Que nosotros nos acostáramos That we laid down Fernanda quería que nosotros nos acostáramos en la hamaca.
Que vosotros os acostarais That you laid down Daniel quería que vosotros os acostarais para descansar.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas se acostaran That you/they laid down Larisa quería que ellos se acostaran en la alfombra.

Option 2

Que yo me acostase That I laid down Eric quería que yo me acostase en la cama.
Que tú te acostases That you laid down Marisa quería que tú te acostases para la siesta.
Que usted/él/ella se acostase That you/he/she laid down Hugo quería que ella se acostase después de almorzar.
Que nosotros nos acostásemos That we laid down Fernanda quería que nosotros nos acostásemos en la hamaca.
Que vosotros os acostaseis That you laid down Daniel quería que vosotros os acostaseis para descansar.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas se acostasen That you/they laid down Larisa quería que ellos se acostasen en la alfombra.

Acostarse Imperative 

When giving direct commands, use the imperative mood. There are various forms of the imperative for the different persons, except for those to whom you cannot give a direct command (yo, él, ella, ellos, ellas). Note that there are slightly different forms for positive and negative commands for  and vosotros. Also, you will note that there is a difference in the placement of the reflexive pronoun for the positive and negative commands. In the positive commands, the reflexive pronoun is attached at the end of the verb, while in the negative commands, the reflexive pronoun is a separate word placed between the adverb no and the verb.

Positive Commands

acuéstate Lay down! ¡Acuéstate para la siesta!
Usted acuéstese Lay down! ¡Acuéstese después de almorzar!
Nosotros acostémonos Let's lay down! ¡Acostémonos en la hamaca!
Vosotros acostaos Lay down! ¡Acostaos para descansar!
Ustedes acuéstense Lay down! ¡Acuéstense en la alfombra!

Negative Commands

no te acuestes Don't lay down! ¡No te acuestes para la siesta!
Usted no se acueste Don't lay down! ¡No se acueste después de almorzar!
Nosotros no nos acostemos Let's not lay down! ¡No nos acostemos en la hamaca!
Vosotros no os acostéis Don't lay down! ¡No os acostéis para descansar!
Ustedes no se acuesten Don't lay down! ¡No se acuesten en la alfombra!