Humanities › History & Culture African American History Timeline 1890 to 1899 Share Flipboard Email Print Hulton Archive / Archive Photos / Getty Images History & Culture African American History Major Figures and Events The Black Freedom Struggle Important Figures Civil Rights Slavery & Abolition Segregation and Jim Crow American History African History Ancient History and Culture Asian History European History Genealogy Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century Women's History View More By Femi Lewis African-American History Expert M.S.Ed, Secondary Education, St. John's University M.F.A., Creative Writing, City College of New York B.A., English, City College of New York Femi Lewis is a writer and educator who specializes in African-American history topics, including slavery, abolitionism, and the Harlem Renaissance. our editorial process Femi Lewis Updated October 28, 2019 Like many decades before, the 1890s were filled with great achievements by African Americans as well as many injustices. Almost thirty years after the establishment of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments, African Americans such as Booker T. Washington were establishing and heading schools. Ordinary African American men were losing their right to vote through Grandfather clauses, poll taxes, and literacy exams. 1890 William Henry Lewis and William Sherman Jackson become the first African American football players on a White college team. 1891 Provident Hospital, the first African American owned hospital, is established by Dr. Daniel Hale Williams. 1892 Opera soprano Sissieretta Jones becomes the first African American to perform at Carnegie Hall. Ida B. Wells launches her anti-lynching campaign by publishing the book, Southern Horrors: Lynch Laws and in All Its Phases. Wells also delivers a speech at Lyric Hall in New York. Wells' work as an anti-lynching activist is highlighted with the high number of lynchings--230 reported--in 1892. The National Medical Association is established by African American doctors because they are barred from the American Medical Association. African American newspaper, The Baltimore Afro-American is established by John H. Murphy, Sr., a formerly enslaved person. 1893 Dr. Daniel Hale Williams successfully performs an open-heart surgery in Provident Hospital. Williams' work is considered the first successful operation of its kind. 1894 Bishop Charles Harrison Mason establishes The Church of God in Christ in Memphis, Tn. 1895 W.E.B. DuBois is the first African American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard University. Booker T. Washington delivers the Atlanta Compromise at the Atlanta Cotton States Exposition. The National Baptist Convention of American is established through the merging of three Baptist organizations--the Foreign Mission Baptist Convention, the American National Baptist Convention, and the Baptist National Educational Convention. 1896 The Supreme Court rules in the Plessy v. Ferguson case that separate but equal laws are not unconstitutional and do not contradict the 13th and 14th Amendments. The National Association of Colored Women (NACW) is established. Mary Church Terrell is elected as the organization's first president. George Washington Carver is selected to head the agricultural research department at Tuskegee Institute. Carver's research advances the growth of soybean, peanut, and sweet potato farming. 1897 The American Negro Academy is founded in Washington D.C. The purpose of the organization is to promote African American work in the fine arts, literature and other areas of study. Prominent members included Du Bois, Paul Laurence Dunbar, and Arturo Alfonso Schomburg. The Phillis Wheatley Home is established in Detroit by the Phillis Wheatley Women's Club. The purpose of the home--which quickly spread to other cities--was to provide shelter and resources for African American women. 1898 The Louisiana Legislature enacts the Grandfather Clause. Included in the state constitution, the Grandfather Clause only allows men whose fathers or grandfathers were qualified to vote on January 1, 1867, the right to register to vote. In addition, to meeting this stipulation, African American men had to meet educational and/or property requirements. When the Spanish-American War begins on April 21, 16 African American regiments are recruited. Four of these regiments fight in Cuba and the Philippines with several African American officers commanding troops. As a result, five African American soldiers win Congressional Medals of Honor. The National Afro-American Council is established in Rochester, NY. Bishop Alexander Walters is elected the organization's first president. Eight African Americans are killed in the Wilmington Riot on November 10. During the riot, White Democrats removed--with force-Republican officers of the city. The North Carolina Mutual and Provident Insurance company is established. The National Benefit Life Insurance Company of Washington D.C. is also founded. The purpose of these companies is to provide life insurance to African Americans. African American voters in Mississippi are disenfranchised through the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Williams v. Mississippi. 1899 June 4 is named as a national day of fasting to protest lynching. The Afro-American Council spearheads this event. Scott Joplin composes the song Maple Leaf Rag and introduces ragtime music to the United States.