Black History and Women Timeline 1940-1949

African American History and Women Timeline

1960 Summer Olympics
1960 Summer Olympics. Robert Riger/Getty Images

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During the 1940s and 1950s, many African Americans from the South migrated to the North to work in industry there, in what is called the Great Migration.

1940

• (January 26) Brigadier General Sherian Grace Cadoria born, to become the highest ranking African American woman officer in the USA in 1990.

• (May 28) Betty Shabazz born (married Malcolm X)

•  (June 23) Wilma Rudolph born

• Hattie McDaniel won an Academy Award as best supporting actress in Gone With the Wind, the first African American to win an Oscar.

1941

• (November 25) Tina Turner born (singer)

• (December 12) Dionne Warwick born (singer)

• Lucinda Dawson and Lillian Evanti established the National Negro Opera Company in Pittsburgh.

1942

• '(January 1) Margaret Walker born (poet)

• (February 27) Charlayne Hunger-Gault born (journalist)

• (February 28) race riot in Detroit at Sojourner Truth homes

• (March 25) Aretha Franklin born (singer, "Queen of Soul")

• (October 2) Bernice Johnson Reagon born (singer, composer, historian)

• Margaret Walker published For My People.

1943

• (July 8) Faye Wattleton born (nurse, head of Planned Parenthood Federation)

1944

• (January 26) Angela Davis born (activist, philosopher)

• (February 9) Alice Walker born (writer, Pulitzer Prize winner)

1945

1946

• Mahalia Jackson recorded "Move On Up a Little Higher" which sold more than 8 million copies

1947

• (August 16) Carol Mosely-Braun born (politician, lawyer)

1948

• Mollie Moon formed first Urban League Guild

• Alice Coachman wins an Olympic gold in the high jump for women, becoming the first African American woman to win a gold medal at the Olympics.

1949

• Evelyn Boyd Granville and Marjorie Lee Browne became the first two African American women to earn doctorates in mathematics

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[1492-1699] [1700-1799] [1800-1859] [1860-1869] [1870-1899] [1900-1919] [1920-1929] [1930-1939] [1940-1949] [1950-1959] [1960-1969] [1970-1979] [1980-1989] [1990-1999] [2000-]