Black History and Women Timeline 1970-1979

African American History and Women Timeline

Barbara Jordan
Barbara Jordan. Nancy R. Schiff / Hulton Archive / Getty Images

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1970

• Cheryl Adrienne Brown, Miss New York, became the first African American contestant in the Miss America pageant

• (August 7) Angela Davis, radical black activist and philosopher, was arrested as a suspected conspirator in the abortive attempt to free George Jackson from a courtroom in Marin County, California

1971

• (January 11) Mary J. Blige born (singer)

• Beverly Johnson appears on the cover of Glamour, the first African American woman to be featured that way by a major fashion magazine

1972

• Mahalia Jackson died (gospel singer)

Shirley Chisholm became the first African American woman candidate for President, with more than 150 delegate votes at the 1972 Democratic convention

Barbara Jordan elected to Congress, the first African American woman from a former Confederate state to be elected to the House

• Yvonne Braithwaite Burke elected to Congress, the first black woman elected to the House from California

• Patricia Roberts Harris became chair of the Democratic National Convention; Yvonne Braithwaite Burke was co-chair of the convention

• Haitian boat people begin arriving in Florida

• Angela Davis acquitted in California by an all-white jury of charges from a 1970 shootout

• (January 27) Mahalia Jackson died (singer)

• (July 7) Lisa Leslie born (basketball player)

1973

• Eleanor Holmes Norton and others found the National Black Feminist Organization.

• Marion Wright Edelson creates the Children's Defense Fund.

• Cardiss Collins elected to Congress from a Chicago district, succeeding her husband

1974

• Shirley Chisholm became the first African American woman elected to Congress  

• Alberta Williams King, Martin Luther King, Jr.'s mother, and a deacon, were killed during services at Ebenezer Baptist Church

1975

• Mary Bush Wilson becomes first African American woman board chair of the NAACP (the first chair, Mary White Ovington, was a white woman)

• Joanne Little acquitted of murder charges - she had stabbed a jailer with an ice pick to avoid sexual assault

• Leontyne Price awarded Italy's Order of Merit

• (April 12) Josephine Baker died of a stroke

1976

Barbara Jordan was the first woman and the first African American to give the keynote address at a national convention of the Democratic Party

• Janie L. Mines becomes the first African American woman to enter the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis.

• Clara Stanton Jones becomes the first African Amerian elected as President of the American Library Association

• President Jimmy Carter appoints Patricia Harris as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, the first African American woman selected for the cabinet.

• Unita Blackwell elected mayor of Mayersville, becoming the first black woman mayor in Mississippi

• gymnast Dominque Dawes born (won three Olympic medals)

1977

• first African American woman ordained as an Episcopal priest: Pauli Murray

• the Daughters of the American Revolution admitted the first African American member, Karen Farmer, who traced her ancestry back to William Hood

• Mabel Murphy Smythe appointed as ambassador to Cameroon

• (September 1) Ethel Waters died, age 80 (singer, actress)

1978

• Faye Wattleton became president of the Planned Parenthood Federation -- the first woman and the first African American to hold that position

• United States Postal Service issued a stamp honoring Harriet Tubman.

• Toni Morrison received the National Book Critics Award

• (June 28) in University of California v. Backke, Supreme Court limits federal affirmative action

1979

• Hazel Winifred Johnson became the first African American woman appointed as a general in the US Army

• Patricia Harris, who had served as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, was appointed by President Carter as secretary of health, education and welfare

• Bethune Museum and Archives established in Washington, DC

• Lois Alexander opens the Black Fashion Museum in Harlem

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[1492-1699] [1700-1799] [1800-1859] [1860-1869] [1870-1899] [1900-1919] [1920-1929] [1930-1939] [1940-1949] [1950-1959] [1960-1969] [1970-1979] [1980-1989] [1990-1999] [2000-]

• Janie L. Mines becomes the first African American woman to enter the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis.

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Lewis, Jone Johnson. "Black History and Women Timeline 1970-1979." ThoughtCo, Dec. 30, 2016, thoughtco.com/african-american-womens-history-timeline-1970-1979-3528312. Lewis, Jone Johnson. (2016, December 30). Black History and Women Timeline 1970-1979. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/african-american-womens-history-timeline-1970-1979-3528312 Lewis, Jone Johnson. "Black History and Women Timeline 1970-1979." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/african-american-womens-history-timeline-1970-1979-3528312 (accessed November 18, 2017).