Black History and Women Timeline 1990-1999

African American History and Women Timeline

Toni Morrison, 1994
Toni Morrison, 1994. Chris Felver/Getty Images

[Previous] [Next]

1990

• Sharon Pratt Kelly elected mayor of Washington, DC, the first African American mayor of a major American city

• Roselyn Payne Epps became the first woman president of the American Medical Association

• Debbye Turner became third African American Miss America

• Sarah Vaughan died (singer)

1991

• Clarence Thomas nominated for a seat on the US Supreme Court; Anita Hill, who had worked for Thomas in the federal government, testified about repeated sexual harassment, bringing the issue of sexual harassment to public attention (Thomas was confirmed as Justice)

• Marjorie Vincent became fourth African American Miss America

1992

• (August 3) Jackie Joyner-Kersee became the first woman to win two Olympic heptathlons

• (September 12) Mae Jemison, astronaut, became the first African American woman in space

• (November 3) Carol Moseley Braun elected to the US Senate, the first African American woman to hold that office

• (November 17)  Audre Lorde died (poet, essayist, educator)

• Rita Dove named the US Poet Laureate.

1993

• Rita Dove became the first African American poet laureate

• Toni Morrison became the first African American winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature.

• (September 7) Joycelyn Elders became the first African American and first woman US Surgeon General

• (April 8) Marian Anderson died (singer)

1994

• Kimberly Aiken became fifth African American Miss America

1995

• (June 12) Supreme Court, in Adarand v. Pena, called for "strict scrutiny" before establishing any federal affirmative action requirements

• Ruth J. Simmons installed as president of Smith College in 1995. becoming the first African American president of one of the "Seven Sisters"

1996

1997

• (June 23) Betty Shabazz, widow of Malcolm X, died of burns sustained in a June 1 fire in her home

1998

• DNA evidence was used to test the theory that Thomas Jefferson fathered the children of his slave, Sally Hemings -- most concluded that the DNA and other evidence confirmed the theory

• (September 21) track and field great Florence Griffith Joyner died (athlete; first African American to win four medals in one Olympics; sister-in-law of Jackie Joyner-Kersee)

• (September 26) Betty Carter died (jazz singer)

1999

• (November 4) Daisy Bates died (civil rights activist)

[Previous] [Next]

[1492-1699] [1700-1799] [1800-1859] [1860-1869] [1870-1899] [1900-1919] [1920-1929] [1930-1939] [1940-1949] [1950-1959] [1960-1969] [1970-1979] [1980-1989] [1990-1999] [2000-]