Languages › French How to Conjugate "Agacer" (to Annoy) Transform "Annoy" to the Correct Tense in French Share Flipboard Email Print Westend61/Getty Images French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Updated September 02, 2018 When you want to say "to annoy" in French, you will use the verb agacer. You can also conjugate the verb to say "annoyed" or "annoying," though this is a tricky one to work with. No worries, this lesson will walk you through the many conjugations of agacer. Conjugating the French Verb Agacer In order to change agacer to take on the meaning of someone who "annoyed" or "is annoying," a verb conjugation is necessary. The French endings are more complex than the English -ed and -ing and agacer is a bit of a challenge. Agacer is a spelling change verb, which is common with the ending -cer. You will notice that some of the conjugations use a 'c' while others use the cedilla 'ç.' This is done to ensure that the pronunciation of a soft 'C' is used as the vowel that follows it changes. Using the chart, you can learn which form of agacer is required to match the subject pronoun and tense of your sentence. For example, "I annoy" is "j'agace" while "we will annoy" is "nous agacerons." Subject Present Future Imperfect j' agace agacerai agaçais tu agaces agaceras agaçais il agace agacera agaçait nous agaçons agacerons agacions vous agacez agacerez agaciez ils agacent agaceront agaçaient The Present Participle of Agacer The present participle for agacer is agaçant. Notice again how the cedilla appeared before the 'A' to keep the 'C' soft. Agaçent can be used as a verb and it also works as an adjective, gerund, or noun if needed. The Passé Composé and Past Participle Rather than using the imperfect, you can express the past tense with passé composé. For this, you will need to conjugate the auxiliary verb avoir, but you can use a single past participle form of agacé for all subject pronouns. For instance, to say "I annoyed," you can use "j'ai agacé." Likewise, "you have annoyed" is "tu as agace." The ai and as are conjugations of avoir. More Agacer Conjugations There are a few more conjugations of agacer that you might want to remember, though they're not as important. You will find the subjunctive useful when the action is subjective. The conditional is for those times when the annoyance may or may not happen. Unless you're doing any formal French writing, you may not use the passé simple or imperfect subjunctive. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive j' agace agacerais agaçai agaçasse tu agaces agacerais agaças agaçasses il agace agacerait agaça agaçât nous agacions agacerions agaçâmes agaçassions vous agaciez agaceriez agaçâtes agaçassiez ils agacent agaceraient agacèrent agaçassent There may also be times when you want to use the imperative. This is particularly true for agacer because it's a short, rather direct command or request. When using the imperative, you can forget about the subject pronoun and skip right to the verb. Rather than "tu agace," you can use "agace." Imperative (tu) agace (nous) agaçons (vous) agacez "Throw" the Conjugations of "Lancer" Into Your French Vocabulary How to Conjugate Avancer in French Learn to Conjugate the French Verb "Nettoyer" "Snuff Out" the French Conjugations of "Éteindre" How Do You Conjugate "Laver" in French Don't "Remove" "Enlever" From Your French Conjugation List "Acquérir" is a Bit of a Challenge to Conjugate Learn How to Conjugate "to Travel" in French Learn How to Say "Mowed" and "Mowing" in French How Do You Conjugate the Verb "Marcher" in French? Here's How to Say "Shared" and "Sharing" in French Learn How to Say "Singing" and "Sang" in French How Do You Conjugate "Lunch" in French? Don't Let "Décevoir" Conjugations "Disappoint" You Conjugating "Lever" (Lift, Raise) Learning to Conjugate the French "Aider" Can Be Very "Helpful"