Alphabetical List of All African Countries

with capitals and national state names

Political Map of Africa. The World Factbook, CIA, image in the public domain.

Below is an alphabetical list of all African countries, along with capitals and the state names as they are known within each country. In addition to the 54 sovereign states in Africa, the list also includes the two islands still governed by European states and Western Sahara, which is recognized by the African Union but not the United Nations.

Of related interest:

  1. a list of African countries organized by date of independence
  1. The former, colonial names of all African countries
  2. Histories of each country in Africa
Alphabetical List of All African Countries, with capitals and national state names
Official State Name (English)CapitalNational State Name
Algeria, People's Democratic Republic OfAlgiersAl Jaza'ir
Angola, Republic ofLuandaAngola
Benin, Republic ofPorto-Novo (official)
Cotonou (seat of government)
Botswana, Republic ofGaboroneBotswana
Burkina FasoOaugadougouBurkina Faso
Burundi, Republic ofBujumburaBurundi
Cabo Verde, Republic of (Cabo Verde)PraiaCabo Verde
Cameroon, Republic ofYaoundéCameroon / Cameroun
Central African Republic (CAR)BanguiRepublique Centrafricaine
Chad, Republic ofN'DjamenaTchad / Tshad
Comoros, Union of theMoroniKomori (Comorian)
Comores (French)
Juzur al Qamar (Arabic)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the (DRC)KinshasaRepublique Democratique du Congo (RDC)
Congo, Republic of theBrazzavilleCongo
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)Yamoussoukro (official)
Abidjan (administrative seat)
Cote d'Ivoire
Djibouti, Republic ofDjiboutiDjibouti / Jibuti
Egypt, Arab Republic ofCairoMisr
Equatorial Guinea, Republic ofMalaboGuinea Ecuatorial/Guinee Equatoriale
Eritrea, State ofAsmaraErtra
Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic ofAddis AbabaItyop'iya
Gabonese Republic, (Gabon)LibrevilleGabon
Gambia, Republic of TheBanjulThe Gambia
Ghana, Republic ofAccraGhana
Guinea, Republic ofConakryGuinee
Guinea-Bissau, Republic ofBissauGuine-Bissau
Kenya, Republic ofNairobiKenya
Lesotho, Kingdom ofMaseruLesotho
Liberia, Republic ofMonroviaLiberia
Madagascar, Republic ofAntananarivoMadagascar / Madagasikara
Malawi, Republic ofLilongweMalawi
Mali, Republic ofBamakoMali
Mauritania, Islamic Republic ofNouakchottMuritaniyah
Mauritius, Republic ofPort LouisMauritius
Morocco, Kingdom ofRabatAl Maghrib
Mozambique, Republic ofMaputoMocambique
Namibia, Republic ofWindhoekNamibia
Niger, Republic ofNiameyNiger
Nigeria, Federal Republic ofAbujaNigeria
 **Reunion (an Overseas Department of France)Paris, France
 [dept. capital=Saint-Denis]
Rwanda, Republic ofKigaliRwanda
 **Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha
  (a British Overseas Territory)
London, U.K.
 (administrative centre= Jamestown,
 Saint Helena)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha
São Tomé and Principe, Democratic Republic ofSão ToméSão Tomé e Principe
Senegal, Republic ofDakarSenegal
Seychelles, Republic ofVictoriaSeychelles
Sierra Leone, Republic ofFreetownSierra Leone
Somalia, Federal Republic ofMogadishuSoomaaliya
South Africa, Republic ofPretoriaSouth Africa
South Sudan, Republic ofJubaSouth Sudan
Sudan, Republic of theKhartoumAs-Sudan
Swaziland, Kingdom ofMbabane (official)
Lobamba (royal and legislative capital)
Umbuso weSwatini
Tanzania, United Republic ofDodoma (official)
Dar es Salaam (former capital and seat of executive)
Togolese Republic (Togo)LoméRepublique Togolaise
Tunisia, Republic ofTunisTunis
Uganda, Republic ofKampalaUganda
 **Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara)
 [state recognized by the African Union but claimed by Morocco]
El-Aaiún (Laayoune) (official)
Tifariti (provisional)
Sahrawi / Saharawi
Zambia, Republic ofLusakaZambia
Zimbabwe, Republic ofHarareZimbabwe


*The autonomous region of Somaliland (located within Somalia) is not included in this list as it has not yet been recognized by any sovereign states.


The World Factbook (2013-14). Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2013 (updated 15 July 2015) (accessed 24 July 2015).

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Thompsell, Angela. "Alphabetical List of All African Countries." ThoughtCo, Feb. 8, 2017, Thompsell, Angela. (2017, February 8). Alphabetical List of All African Countries. Retrieved from Thompsell, Angela. "Alphabetical List of All African Countries." ThoughtCo. (accessed March 18, 2018).