Alphabetical List of All African Countries

Map of Africa with flags.
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Below is an alphabetical list of all African countries, along with capitals and the state names as they are known within each country. In addition to the 54 sovereign states in Africa, the list also includes the two islands still governed by European states and Western Sahara, which is recognized by the African Union but not the United Nations.

Alphabetical List of All African Countries

Official State Name (English) Capital National State Name Algeria, People's Democratic Republic OfAlgiersAl Jaza'irAngola, Republic ofLuandaAngolaBenin, Republic ofPorto-Novo (official)
Cotonou (seat of government)BeninBotswana, Republic ofGaboroneBotswanaBurkina FasoOaugadougouBurkina FasoBurundi, Republic ofBujumburaBurundiCabo Verde, Republic of (Cabo Verde)PraiaCabo VerdeCameroon, Republic ofYaoundéCameroon / CamerounCentral African Republic (CAR)BanguiRepublique CentrafricaineChad, Republic ofN'DjamenaTchad / TshadComoros, Union of theMoroniKomori (Comorian)
Comores (French)
Juzur al Qamar (Arabic)Congo, Democratic Republic of the (DRC)KinshasaRepublique Democratique du Congo (RDC)Congo, Republic of theBrazzavilleCongoCôte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)Yamoussoukro (official)
Abidjan (administrative seat)Cote d'IvoireDjibouti, Republic ofDjiboutiDjibouti / JibutiEgypt, Arab Republic ofCairoMisrEquatorial Guinea, Republic ofMalaboGuinea Ecuatorial/Guinee EquatorialeEritrea, State ofAsmaraErtraEthiopia, Federal Democratic Republic ofAddis AbabaItyop'iyaGabonese Republic, (Gabon)LibrevilleGabonGambia, Republic of TheBanjulThe GambiaGhana, Republic ofAccraGhanaGuinea, Republic ofConakryGuineeGuinea-Bissau, Republic ofBissauGuine-BissauKenya, Republic ofNairobiKenyaLesotho, Kingdom ofMaseruLesothoLiberia, Republic ofMonroviaLiberiaLibyaTripoliLibiyaMadagascar, Republic ofAntananarivoMadagascar / MadagasikaraMalawi, Republic ofLilongweMalawiMali, Republic ofBamakoMaliMauritania, Islamic Republic ofNouakchottMuritaniyahMauritius, Republic ofPort LouisMauritiusMorocco, Kingdom ofRabatAl MaghribMozambique, Republic ofMaputoMocambiqueNamibia, Republic ofWindhoekNamibiaNiger, Republic ofNiameyNigerNigeria, Federal Republic ofAbujaNigeria **Reunion (an Overseas Department of France)Paris, France
 [dept. capital=Saint-Denis]ReunionRwanda, Republic ofKigaliRwanda **Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha
  (a British Overseas Territory)London, U.K.
 (administrative centre= Jamestown,
 Saint Helena)Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da CunhaSão Tomé and Principe, Democratic Republic ofSão ToméSão Tomé e PrincipeSenegal, Republic ofDakarSenegalSeychelles, Republic ofVictoriaSeychellesSierra Leone, Republic ofFreetownSierra LeoneSomalia, Federal Republic ofMogadishuSoomaaliyaSouth Africa, Republic ofPretoriaSouth AfricaSouth Sudan, Republic ofJubaSouth SudanSudan, Republic of theKhartoumAs-SudanSwaziland, Kingdom ofMbabane (official)
Lobamba (royal and legislative capital)Umbuso weSwatiniTanzania, United Republic ofDodoma (official)
Dar es Salaam (former capital and seat of executive)TanzaniaTogolese Republic (Togo)LoméRepublique TogolaiseTunisia, Republic ofTunisTunisUganda, Republic ofKampalaUganda **Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara)
 [state recognized by the African Union but claimed by Morocco]El-Aaiún (Laayoune) (official)
Tifariti (provisional)Sahrawi / SaharawiZambia, Republic ofLusakaZambiaZimbabwe, Republic ofHarareZimbabwe

*The autonomous region of Somaliland (located within Somalia) is not included in this list as it has not yet been recognized by any sovereign states.


The World Factbook(2013-14). Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2013 (updated 15 July 2015) (accessed 24 July 2015).

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Thompsell, Angela. "Alphabetical List of All African Countries." ThoughtCo, Feb. 16, 2021, Thompsell, Angela. (2021, February 16). Alphabetical List of All African Countries. Retrieved from Thompsell, Angela. "Alphabetical List of All African Countries." ThoughtCo. (accessed August 8, 2022).