21 Nobel Peace Prize Winners From the United States

The number of Nobel Peace Prize winners from the United States is nearly two dozen, which includes four presidents, a Vice President and Secretary of State. The most recent Nobel Peace Prize winner from the United States is President Barack Obama.

Here is a list of all 21 Nobel Peace Prize winners from the United States and the reason for the honor.

Barack Obama: 2009

Barack Obama
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President Barack Obama won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2009, a choice that surprised many around the world because the 44th president of the United States had been in office less than a year when he was honor for "his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples."

Obama joined the ranks of only three other president who was the Nobel Peace Prize. The others are Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson and Jimmy Carter. 

Wrote the Nobel selection committee of Obama: "Only very rarely has a person to the same extent as Obama captured the world's attention and given its people hope for a better future. His diplomacy is founded in the concept that those who are to lead the world must do so on the basis of values and attitudes that are shared by the majority of the world's population."

Al Gore: 2007

Former U.S. Vice President Al Gore reacts to the crowd on day four of the Democratic National Convention (DNC) at Invesco Field at Mile High August 28, 2008 in Denver, Colorado.
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Former Vice President Al Gore won the Nobel Peace Price in 2007 for "their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"

Jimmy Carter: 2002

Jimmy Carter speaking at an event

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The 39th president of the United States was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development."

Jody Williams: 1997

Jody Williams

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The founding coordinator of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines was honored for her work "banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines."

Elie Wiesel: 1986

Elie Weisel

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The chairman of the President's Commission on the Holocaust won for making it his life's work "bear witness to the genocide committed by the Nazis during World War II."

Henry A. Kissinger: 1973

Sec. of State Henry Kissinger signing the Vietnam War cease fire
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56th Secretary of State of the United States from 1973 to 1977.
Joint prize with Le Duc Tho, Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

Norman E. Borlaug: 1970

Dr. Norman Burlaug

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Director, International Wheat Improvement Program, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center

Martin Luther King: 1964

Martin Luther King, Jr

Agence France Presse / Hulton Archive / Getty Images

Leader, Southern Christian Leadership Conference

Linus Carl Pauling: 1962

Linus Pauling
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California Institute of Technology, author No More War!

George Catlett Marshall: 1953

Picture of Secretary of State George C. Marshall, author of the Marshall Plan.

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General President, American Red Cross; ex-Secretary of State and of Defense; Originator of "Marshall Plan"

Ralph Bunche: 1950

American civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929 - 1968) and his wife Coretta are greeted by Ralph J. Bunche

Professor, Harvard University; Acting Mediator in Palestine, 1948

Emily Greene Balch: 1946

Emily Greene Balch
Courtesy Library of Congress

Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom

John Raleigh Mott: 1946

Chair, International Missionary Council; President, World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations

Cordell Hull: 1945

Cordell Hull With Adm. Nomura
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Former U.S. Representative; Former U.S. Senator; Former Secretary of State; Helped create the United Nations

Jane Addams: 1931

Jane Addams

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International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; first woman president, the National Conference of Charities and Corrections; chair of the Women's Peace Party, an American organization; president, the International Congress of Women

Nicholas Murray Butler: 1931

President, Columbia University; head, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; promoted the 1928 Briand Kellogg Pact, "providing for the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy"

Frank Billings Kellogg: 1929

Former Senator; former Secretary of State; member, Permanent Court of International Justice; co-author of Briand-Kellogg Pact, "providing for the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy"

Charles Gates Dawes: 1925

Vice-President of United States , 1925 to 1929; Chairman of Allied Reparation Commission (Originator of Dawes Plan, 1924, regarding German reparations)
Shared with Sir Austen Chamberlain, United Kingdom

Thomas Woodrow Wilson: 1919

President Woodrow Wilson and his wife Edith review papers in the Oval Office
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President of United States (1913-1921); Founder of the League of Nations

Elihu Root: 1912

Theodore Roosevelt: 1906

President Theodore Roosevelt

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Vice President of the United States (1901); President of the United States (1901-1909)