Cleopatra was the last pharaoh of Egypt before the Romans took over. The family of Cleopatra was Macedonian Greek and had ruled Egypt from the time of Alexander the Great, who died in 323 B.C. Cleopatra is thought of as the mistress of two of Rome&#39;s great leaders.There is more to Egyptian writing than just hieroglyphs, but the hieroglyphs are a form of picture writing and, as such, are beautiful to look at. The term hieroglyph refers to the fact that it is carving for sacred things, but hieroglyphs were also written on papyrus.Various entertaining B-movies introduce young viewers to mummies and mummy curses. Mummies didn&#39;t really walk around, though, but they are to be found inside the carved and brilliantly painted burial case known as a sarcophagus. Mummies are also found elsewhere in especially arid parts of the world.The River Nile is responsible for the greatness of Egypt. If it hadn&#39;t flooded each year, Egypt wouldn&#39;t have been Egypt. Since the Nile is in the Southern Hemisphere, its flow is opposite that of northern rivers.Papyrus is the word from which we get paper. The Egyptians used it as a writing surface.&#34;Pharaoh&#34; designates the king of ancient Egypt. The word pharaoh originally meant &#34;great house,&#34; but came to mean the person who resided in it, i.e., the king.<p>A geometrical term that refers to part of the burial complexes especially for Egyptian pharaohs.</p><ul><li><a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/great-pyramid-at-giza-1434578" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Giza Pyramids</a></li><li><a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/mastabas-the-original-pyramids-120471" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Development of the Egyptian Pyramids w/photos</a></li></ul>The Rosetta Stone is a black stone slab with three languages on it (Greek, demotic and hieroglyphs, each saying the same thing) that Napoleon&#39;s men found. It provided the key to translating the previously mysterious Egyptian hieroglyphs.Sarcophagus is a Greek word meaning flesh-eating and refers to the mummy case.Scarabs are amulets formed to look like the dung beetle, an animal associated, by the ancient Egyptians, with life, rebirth, and the sun god Re. The dung beetle gets its name from laying eggs in dung rolled into a ball.A sphinx is an Egyptian desert statue of a hybrid creature. It has a leonine body and the head of another creature -- typically, human.The tomb of King Tut, who is also referred to as the boy king, was found in 1922 by Howard Carter. Little was known of Tutankhamen beyond his death as a teen, but the discovery of Tutankhamen&#39;s tomb, with his mummified body inside, was of tremendous importance for the archaeology of Ancient Egypt.