Humanities › History & Culture Natural and Man-Made Landmarks of Ancient Rome Share Flipboard Email Print History & Culture Ancient History and Culture Rome Figures & Events Ancient Languages Greece Egypt Asia Mythology & Religion American History African American History African History Asian History European History Genealogy Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century Women's History View More By N.S. Gill Ancient History and Latin Expert M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota B.A., Latin, University of Minnesota N.S. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. our editorial process N.S. Gill Updated March 09, 2018 Below you'll read about some of the ancient landmarks of Rome. Some of these are natural landmarks; others, made by man, but all are utterly awe-inspiring to see. 01 of 11 Seven Hills of Rome Palatine Hill, Roman forum at night. Shaji Manshad / Getty Images Rome geographically features seven hills: Esquiline, Palatine, Aventine, Capitoline, Quirinal, Viminal, and Caelian Hill. Before the founding of Rome, each of the seven hills boasted its own small settlement. The groups of people interacted with each other and eventually merged together, symbolized by the construction of the Servian Walls around the seven traditional hills of Rome. 02 of 11 Tiber River Christine Wehrmeier / Getty Images The Tiber River is the main river of Rome. The Trans Tiberim is referred to as the right bank of the Tiber, according to "The Cults of Ancient Trastevere," by S. M. Savage ("Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome", Vol. 17, (1940), pp. 26-56) and includes the Janiculum ridge and the lowland between it and the Tiber. The Trans Tiberim appears to have been the site of the annual ludi piscatorii (Fishermen's Games) held in honor of Father Tiber. Inscriptions show the games were held in the third century B.C. They were celebrated by the City Praetor. 03 of 11 Cloaca Maxima Lalupa / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain The cloaca maxima was the sewer system built in the sixth or seventh century B.C., by one of the kings of Rome—probably Tarquinius Priscus, although Livy attributes it to Tarquin the Proud—to drain the marshes in the valleys between the hills into the Tiber River. 04 of 11 Colosseum Artie Photography (Artie Ng) / Getty Images The Colosseum is also known as the Flavian Amphitheater. The Colosseum is a large sports arena. Gladiatorial games were played in the Colosseum. 05 of 11 Curia - The House of the Roman Senate bpperry / Getty Images The curia was part of the political center of Roman life, the Roman forum's comitium, which was at the time a rectangular space mostly aligned with the cardinal points, with the curia to the north. 06 of 11 Roman Forum Neale Clark / Getty Images The Roman Forum (Forum Romanum) began as a marketplace but became the economic, political, and religious center of all Rome. It is thought to have been created as a result of a deliberate landfill project. The forum stood between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills in the center of Rome. 07 of 11 Trajan Forum Kim Petersen / Getty Images The Roman Forum is what we call the main Roman forum, but there were other forums for specific types of food as well as imperial forums, like this one for Trajan that celebrates his victory over the Dacians. 08 of 11 Servian Wall Print Collector/Getty Images / Getty Images The Servian Wall that surrounded the city of Rome was supposedly built by the Roman king Servius Tullius in the 6th century B.C. 09 of 11 Aurelian Gates VvoeVale / Getty Images The Aurelian Walls were built in Rome from 271–275 to enclose all seven hills, the Campus Martius, and the Trans Tiberim (Trastevere, in Italian) region of the formerly Etruscan west bank of the Tiber. 10 of 11 Lacus Curtius DEA / A. DAGLI ORTI / Getty Images The Lacus Curtius was an area located in the Roman Forum named for a Sabine Mettius Curtius. 11 of 11 Appian Way Nico De Pasquale Photography / Getty Images Leading out of Rome, from the Servian Gate, the Appian Way took travelers all the way from Rome to the Adriatic coastal city of Brundisium whence they could head to Greece. The well-storied road was the site of the grisly punishment of Spartacan rebels and the demise of the leader of one of two rival gangs in the period of Caesar and Cicero.