Ancient World to 1000 Military History Timeline

to 1000

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1450s BC

1270s BC

  • 1275 BC - Egyptian-Hittite Wars: Egypt and the Hittite Empire fight the Battle of Kadesh

850s BC

  • 853 BC - Assyrian Conquests: The Assyrians are halted at the Battle of Carcar by an alliance of 12 Kings

700s BC

  • 701 BC - Judaean Revolt: Assyrians beaten at the Battle of Elteka by the Judaeans and Egyptians

    670s BC

    • 674 BC Assyrian Conquests: The Assyrian invasion of Egypt is turned back

    660s BC

    • 669 BC - Greece: Sparta is beaten by Argos at the Battle of Hysiae

    610s BC

    • 610 BC - Egypt: The Egyptians defeat Judah at the Battle of Megiddo

    600s BC

    • 605 BC - Egyptian-Babylonian Wars: Egypt and Assyria are beaten by the Babylonians at the Battle of Carchemish

    530 BC

    • 535 BC - Greece: The Phocaeans are expelled from Corsica after the Battle of Alalia

    525 BC

    • 525 BC - Egypt: Egypt is defeated and added to the Persian Empire after the Battle of Pelusium

    490s BC

    • 494 BC - Persian Wars: An Ionian fleet is crushed by the Persians at the Battle of Lade
    • August/September 490 BC - Persian Wars: A Greek army stuns the Persians at the Battle of Marathon

    480s BC

    • 480 BC - Sicilian Wars: Syracuse and Agrigentum defeat Carthage at the Battle of Himera
    • August/September 480 BC - Persian Wars: Persian forces are held before overwhelming the Greeks at the Battle of Thermopylae
    • September 480 BC - Persian Wars: The Greek fleet wins a stunning victory over the Persians at the Battle of Salamis

    470s BC

    • August 479 BC - Persian Wars: The Greeks win the Battle of Plataea and go on the offensive against the Persians
    • August 479 BC - Persian Wars: Greek forces triumph at the Battle of Mycale in Ionia

      460s BC

      • 467 BC - Persian Wars: Greek naval forces and marines win the Battle of the Eurymedon

      420s BC

      • 424 BC - Peloponnesian War: Athens wins a naval victory over Sparta at the Battle of Pylos
      • 424 BC - Peloponnesian War: Athens is beaten by the Boeotians at the Battle of Delium
      • 422 BC - Peloponnesian War: Brasidas wins the Battle of Amphipolis for Sparta
      • 421 BC - Peloponnesian War: Following the Battle of Niceas, Athens commands the sea, while Sparta dominates on land

      410s BC

      • 418 BC - Peloponnesian War: Sparta defeats Athens, Argos, and their allies at the Battle of Mantinea
      • 410 BC - Peloponnesian War: Athenian naval supremacy is regained after the Battle of Cyzicus

      400s

      • 406 BC - Peloponnesian War: Athens wins the naval Battle of Arginusae near Lesbos
      • 405 BC - Peloponnesian War: A Spartan fleet under Lysander destroys the Athenian fleet at the Battle of Aegospotami
      • 404 BC - Peloponnesian War: Sparta besieges and captures Athens

      390s BC

      • 395 BC - Corinthian War: Lysander is killed and Sparta defeated at the Battle of Haliartus
      • July 18, 390 BC - Roman Republic: Brennus defeats the Romans at the Battle of the Allia

      350s BC

      • 352 BC - Third Sacred War: Philip II of Macedon wins the Battle of Crocus Field over Athens and Phocis

        340s BC

        • 343-341 BC - Roman Republic: Rome fights the First Samnite War
        • 340 BC - Sicilian Wars: Carthaginian forces are beaten by Syracuse at the Battle of the Crimissus

        330s BC

        • August 2, 338 BC - Wars of Alexander the Great: Macedonia defeats the Greeks at the Battle of Chaeronea
        • May 334 BC - Wars of Alexander the Great: Alexander defeats the Persians at the Battle of the Granicus in Asia Minor
        • November 333 BC - Wars of Alexander the Great: Macedonian troops win a decisive victory over Darius III at the Battle of Issus
        • 332 BC - Wars of Alexander the Great: Alexander captures Tyre and conquers Egypt
        • October 1, 331 BC - Wars of Alexander the Great: The Persian Empire falls after Alexander wins the Battle of Gaugamela

        320s BC

        • 327-304 BC - Roman Republic: Rome fights the Second Samnite War
        • May 326 BC - Wars of Alexander the Great: Alexander wins a costly victory at the Battle of the Hydaspes
        • 322 BC - Lamian War: Antipater defeats a Greek confederacy at the Battle of Crannon

        310s BC

        • 312 BC - Third War of the Diadochi: Ptolemy I wins the Battle of Gaza

        300s BC

        • 301 BC - Wars of the Diadochi: The Macedonians triumph at the Battle of Ipsus

        290s BC

        298-290 BC - Roman Republic: Rome fights the Third Samnite War

        280s BC

        • 283 BC - Roman-Gaulish Wars: Rome wins the Battle of Lake Vadimo over the Etruscans and Gauls
        • 282 BC - Roman-Etruscan Wars: Rome defeats the Etruscans at the Battle of Populonia ending their influence
        • 281 BC - Wars of the Diadochi: The Seleucids crush the Macedonians at the Battle of Corupedium
        • July 280 - Pyrrhic War: Roman troops are beaten by Pyrrhus of Epirus at the Battle of Heraclea

        270s BC

        • 279 BC - Pyrrhic War: Pyrrhus wins the Battle of Asculum over the Romans
        • 275 BC - Pyrrhic War: Roman and Epirote forces clash at the Battle of Beneventum

        260s BC

        • 60 BC - First Punic War: A Roman fleets win the naval Battle of Mylae

        250s BC

        • 258 BC - Second Syrian War: A Macedonian fleet defeats the forces of Ptolemaic Egypt at the Battle of Cos
        • 256 BC - First Punic War: A Roman fleet wins the massive naval Battle of Cape Ecnomus over Carthage
        • 255 BC - First Punic War: Romans forces under Marcus Atilius Regulus win the Battle of Adys forcing Carthage to sue for peace
        • 251 BC - First Punic War: Carthage is defeated at the Battle of Panormus on Sicily

        240s BC

        • March 10, 241 BC - First Punic War: A Roman fleet wins the Battle of the Aegates Islands

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        Timeline Home | 1001-1200 | 1201-1400 | 1401-1600 | 1601-1800 | 1801-1900 | 1901-present

        220s BC

        • 222 BC - Cleomenean War: Cleomenes III and Sparta are beaten by Macedon and the Achaeans at the Battle of Sellasia

        210s BC

        • December 18, 218 BC - Second Punic War: Hannibal wins the Battle of the Trebia
        • June 17, 217 BC - Fourth Syrian War: Ptolemaic Egypt defeats the Seleucids at the Battle of Raphia
        • June 24, 217 BC - Second Punic War: Hannibal beats the Romans at the Battle of Lake Trasimene, inflicting heavy losses
        • August 2, 216 BC - Second Punic War: Hannibal crushes the Romans at the Battle of Cannae

        200s BC

        • October 202 BC - Second Punic War: Carthage is defeated at the Battle of Zama
        • 201 BC - Cretan War: A Macedonian fleet defeats Rhodes at the Battle of Lade
        • 201 BC - Cretan War: Philip V of Macedon is beaten at the Battle of Chios

        190s BC

        • 197 BC - Second Macedonian War: The Roman Republic and Aetolian League defeat Philip at the Battle of Cynoscephalae
        • 190 BC - War Against Anthiocus III: Rome and Rhodes defeat the Seleucids at the Battle of Myonessus
        • December 190 - War Against Anthiocus III: The Seleucids lose the Battle of Magnesia to Rome

        170s BC

        • 171 BC - Third Macedonian War: Perseus of Macedon defeats the Romans at the Battle of Callicinus

        160s BC

        • June 22, 168 BC - Third Macedonian War: Perseus of Macedon is beaten by the Romans at the Battle of Pydna

        140s BC

        • 149-146 BC - Third Punic War: Rome defeats Carthage and razes the city

          100s BC

          • October 6, 105 BC - Cimbrian War: Roman forces are defeated at the Battle of Arausio by the Cimbri and Teutones
          • 101 BC - Cimbrian War: At the Battle of Vercellae Roman forces effectively wipe out the Cimbri

          80s BC

          • 86 BC - First Mithridatic War: Sulla and Roman forces win the Battle of Chaeronea
          • 85 BC - First Mithridatic War: Sulla wins the Battle of Orchomenus restoring Roman rule in Greece

            70s BC

            • 72 BC - Slave Revolt: Slaves led by Spartacus win the Battle of Mutina

            50s BC

            • 58 BC - Gallic Wars: Julius Caesar defeats the Helvetii at the Battle of Bibracte
            • 57 BC - Gallic Wars: Roman forces under Caesar triumph at the Battle of the Sabis
            • 55/54 BC - Gallic Wars: Julius Caesar invades Britain
            • September-October 52 BC - Gallic Wars: Julius Caesar wins the Battle of Alesia

            40s BC

            • August 48 BC - Caesar's Civil War: Julius Caesar and Pompey clash at the Battle of Pharsalus
            • 47 BC - Alexandrine Civil War: Caesar wins the Battle of the Nile securing Egypt for Cleopatra
            • August 2, 47 BC - Caesar's Civil War: Departing Egypt, Caesar defeated Pharnaces II of Pontus at the Battle of Zela
            • March 17, 45 BC - Caesar's Civil War: Julius Caesar and Marcus Agrippa defeat the Optimates at the Battle of Munda
            • April 21, 43 BC - Roman Civil War: Mark Antony is beaten at the Battle of Mutina by Roman Republican forces
            • October 2 & 23, 42 BC - Wars of the Second Triumvirate: Octavian and Mark Antony defeat Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi

            30s BC

            • September 2, 31 BC - Roman Civil War: Mark Antony and Cleopatra are defeated at the Battle of Actium

            00s

            • 7 - Roman Empire: Tiberius wins the Battle of Volcaean Marsh

            10s

            • 16 - Roman-Germanic Wars: Germanicus defeats Arminius at the Battle of the Weser River

            40s

            • 40-49 - Roman Empire: Roman troops invade Britain, reaching the Severn River by 49

            60s

            • 61 - Revolt of the Iceni: Boudicca leads the Iceni against the Romans in Britain and is ultimately defeated near Litchfield
            • 69-70 - Roman Empire: The Roman War of Succession

            70s

            • 72-73 - First Jewish-Roman War: Romans besiege and defeat Jewish Sicarii rebels at Masada

            80s

            • 83/84 - Roman Empire: Roman troops under Gnaeus Julius Agricola defeats the Picts at the Battle of Mons Grapupius in Scotland

            100s

            • 101-102 - Roman Empire: Trajan wins the First Dacian War
            • 105-106 - Roman Empire: Trajan wins the Second Dacian War

            160s

            • 161-166 - Roman Empire: Rome defeats Parthia in the Roman-Parthian War

              190s

              • 194 - Roman Empire: Septimus Severus defeats his rival Pescennius Niger at the Battle of Issus

              210s

              • 217 - Caracalla's Parthian War: Parthian troops win the bloody Battle of Nisibis over the Romans

              250s

              • 251 - Roman-Gothic Wars: Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed when Roman forces are defeated at the Battle of Abrittus
              • 259 - Roman-Persian Wars: Valerian is defeated by the Sassanids at the Battle of Edessa

              260s

              • 268/9 - Roman-Gothic Wars: The Romans defeat the Goths at the Battle of Naissus

              280s

              • 285 - Roman Empire: Diocletian wins the Battle of the Margus and takes control of the empire

              310s

              • October 28, 312 - Roman Empire: Constantine defeats Maxentius outside of Rome at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge
              • October 8, 314 - Roman Empire: Constantine defeats Licinius at the Battle of Cibalae

              320s

              • September 18, 324 - Roman Empire: At the Battle of Chrysopolis, Constantine triumphs over Licinius

              370s

              • August 9, 378 - Gothic War: Emperor Valens is defeated and killed at the Battle of Adrianople

              400s

              • April 6, 402 - Roman Empire: Roman troops under Stilicho win the Battle of Pollentia over the Visigoths

              410s

              • August 24, 410 - Roman Empire: Rome is sacked by the Visigoths under Alaric I

              440s

              • 441-448 - Hunnic Invasions: Attila the Hun leads his men against the Eastern Roman Empire

              450s

              • June/September 451 - Hunnic Invasions: Attila is turned back at the Battle of Chalons
              • 452 - Hunnic Invasions: Attila raids into Italy but departs due to the intervention of Pope Leo
              • 455 - Roman Empire: The Vandals sack Rome

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              Timeline Home | 1001-1200 | 1201-1400 | 1401-1600 | 1601-1800 | 1801-1900 | 1901-present

              480s

              • 486 - Wars of Clovis: The Franks under Clovis I win the Battle of Soissons over Syagrius

              500s

              • Around 500 - Anglo-Saxon Conquest: The Britons defeat the Angles and Saxons at the Battle of Mons Badonicus
              • 501 - Wars of Clovis: Clovis beats the Visigoths at the Battle of Vouillé

              510s

              • 510 - India: The Huns win the Battle of Airikina over the Indians

                520s

                • 527-565 - Byzantine Empire: Emperor Justinian attempts to re-conquer the Western Roman Empire

                570s

                • 577 - Britain: The Saxons of Wessex defeat the Britons at the Battle of Deorham

                610s

                • 613 - Byzantine-Persian Wars: Byzantine forces are decisively defeated by the Sassanids at the Battle of Antioch

                620s

                • 626-640 - China: Chinese forces began expanding into Central Asia and Korea

                630s

                • 633 - Britain: Mercian and Welsh troops killed Edwin of Northumbria at the Battle of Hatfield Chase
                • 634 - Britain: The Northumberians defeat the Welsh at the Battle of Heavenfield
                • August 15-20, 636 - Muslim Conquests: The Rashidun Caliphate defeats the Byzantines at the Battle of Yarmouk
                • November 16-19, 636 - Muslim Conquests: The Sassanids are beaten at the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah by the Rashiduns
                • January-March, 637 - Muslim Conquests: Muslim forces of the Rashidun Caliphate capture the Sassanid capital at Ctesiphon

                640s

                • 642 - Muslim Conquests: Defeat at the Battle of Nahāvand leads to the collapse of the Sassanid Empire

                  650s

                  • November 16, 654/5 - Britain: King Penda of Mercia is defeated and slain at the Battle of Winwaed
                  • July 26, 657 - First Fitna: Muawiyah I and Ali ibn Abi Talib fight to a bloody draw at the Battle of Siffin

                  711

                  • 711 - Muslim Conquests: Muslim forces invade the Iberian Peninsula

                  730s

                    750s

                    • May-September, 751 - Asia: Muslim forces of the Abbasid Caliphate defeat the Chinese at the Battle of Talas River

                    760s

                    • 768-814 - Franks: Charlemagne conducts campaigns that unite most of Western Europe and result in his crowning as Holy Roman Emperor

                    770s

                    790s

                    • 793 - Vikings: Viking raid Lindisfarne monastery off England

                    830s

                    • 834-845 - Vikings: Norse raids on the Rhine, northern France, and northern Germany
                    • 838 - Vikings: Egbert of Wessex repulses a Viking invasion at the Battle of Hingston Down

                    860s

                    • 862 - Vikings: Vikings capture Kiev
                    • 865 - Vikings: A large Danish army lands in England and invades East Anglia

                    870s

                    • January, 871 - Viking-Saxon Wars: Ethelred of Wessex is beaten at the Battle of Reading
                    • January 8, 871 - Viking-Saxon Wars: Prince Alfred of Wessex defeats the Danes at the Battle of Ashdown
                    • May 878 - Viking-Saxon Wars: Alfred the Great wins the Battle of Ethandun forcing the Danes to make peace

                    900s

                    • July 4, 907 - Magyar Incursions: Magyar forces defeat a Bavarian army at the Battle of Pressburg

                    910s

                    • August 5, 910 - Viking-Saxon Wars: Troops from Wessex and Mercia defeat the Danelaw Vikings at the Battle of Tettenhall

                      920s

                      • 920 - Muslims in Spain: Emir of Cordoba defeats Navarre and Leon at the Battle of Val de Junqueras

                      930s

                      • March 15, 933 - Magyar Incursions: East Francian troops under Henry the Fowler halt the Magyars at the Battle of Riade
                      • 937 - Viking-Saxon Wars: Athelstan of Wessex wins the Battle of Brunanburh and proclaims himself king of all Britain

                      950s

                      • August 10, 955 - Magyar Incursions: Otto the Great decisively defeats the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld

                      990s

                      • 991 - Viking-Saxon Wars: Byrhtnoth is defeated at the Battle of Maldon by Olaf Tryggvason

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                      Hickman, Kennedy. "Ancient World to 1000 Military History Timeline." ThoughtCo, Mar. 16, 2016, thoughtco.com/ancient-world-1000-military-history-timeline-2361265. Hickman, Kennedy. (2016, March 16). Ancient World to 1000 Military History Timeline. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/ancient-world-1000-military-history-timeline-2361265 Hickman, Kennedy. "Ancient World to 1000 Military History Timeline." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/ancient-world-1000-military-history-timeline-2361265 (accessed September 25, 2017).