Anne Helmenstine, Ph.D. has covered chemistry for ThoughtCo and About Education since 2001 and has taught chemistry, biology, astronomy, and physics at the high school, college, and graduate levels. She has also worked abstracting and indexing diverse scientific literature for the Department of Energy.
In addition to her work as a science writer, Dr. Helmenstine currently serves as a scientific consultant, specializing in problems requiring an interdisciplinary approach. Previously, she worked as a research scientist and college professor.
Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences from the University of Tennessee at Knoxville and a B.A. in physics and mathematics with a minor in chemistry from Hastings College. In her doctoral work, Dr. Helmenstine developed ultra-sensitive chemical detection and medical diagnostic tests.