Humanities › History & Culture Along the Appian Way - Pictures of the Road and Buildings Share Flipboard Email Print History & Culture Ancient History and Culture Rome Figures & Events Ancient Languages Greece Egypt Asia Mythology & Religion American History African American History African History Asian History European History Genealogy Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century Women's History View More By N.S. Gill Ancient History and Latin Expert M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota B.A., Latin, University of Minnesota N.S. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. our editorial process N.S. Gill Updated November 15, 2020 01 of 05 Appia Antica (Antica Via) Via Appia Antica. Radosław Botev. / Wikipedia The Appian Way was built in stages, but was begun in the third century B.C. Known as the Queen of Roads, it was the southward road leading from the porta Appia in Rome to Brundisium on the Adriatic coast. [See Map of Italy where Rome is located at Cb and Brundisium at Eb.] In the 18th century a new road, "via Appia nuova," was built along part of the Appian Way. The old road was then named "via Appia antica." Here is a photo of a stretch along the old (antica) Appian Way. When the Romans finally suppressed the revolt of enslaved people led by Spartacus, 6000 crucifixes were raised along the Appian Way all the way to Capua from Rome. Crucifixion was a death penalty that was not suitable for Roman citizens. A Roman citizen who met his death along the Appian Way was Clodius Pulcher, a descendant of the 312 B.C. censor, Appius Claudius Caecus, whose name was given to the Appian Way. Clodius Pulcher died in 52 B.C. in a fight between his gang and that of his rival, Milo. 02 of 05 Appian Way Paving Stones Cobblestones on the Appian Way. juandesant / Flickr. The Appian Way stones, closely fitting polygonal blocks or pavimenta of basalt, sits on top of layers of small rocks or stones cemented with lime. The center of the road was raised to allow run-off of water to the sides. 03 of 05 Tomb of Cecilia Metella Tomb of Cecilia Metella. Gaspa / Flickr. This tomb by the Appian Way, of a patrician woman, one of several called Cecilia Metella, was later transformed into a fortress. The obscure Caecilia Metella (Caecilia Metella Cretica) of this tomb was a daughter-in-law of Crassus (of Spartacan rebellion fame) and the mother of Marcus Licinius Crassus Dives. 04 of 05 Rabirii Family Tomb The Rabirii Family Tomb. iessi / Flickr. Along the Appian Way were various tombs, including this one for the Rabirii family. Busts of the family members are depicted in bas relief, along with one of the goddess Isis. This tomb is by the fifth Roman mile of the Appian Way. 05 of 05 Appian Way Ornamental Stone Stone From the Appian Way. dbking / Flickr. Besides the tombs along the Appian Way, there were other landmarks. Milestone markers were cylindrical and about 6' high on average. The markers might include the distance to the nearest main town and the name of the person who built the road This picture shows an ornamental stone that was once along the Appian Way.