Archaic Greece Timeline

Timeline of the Archaic Period of Ancient Greece

8th Century - 700s B.C.

Late Geometric Period Oinochoe With Battle Scene. 750-725 B.C.
Late Geometric Period Oinochoe With Battle Scene. 750-725 B.C. CC Photo Flickr User *clairity*
  • c. 800-750 B.C.: Alphabet developed.
  • 776 B.C.: Traditional start of the Olympics.
  • 775 B.C.: "Ripe Geometric Pottery" with triangular torsos.
  • c. 750-730 B.C.: First Messenian War.
  • 750-700 B.C.: Late Geometric.
    Overpopulation.
    Trade routes established.
  • 725-675 B.C.: Colonization of Magna Graecia.
    govt by the few
  • End of 8th century B.C.: Lelantine War.
  • 700-650 B.C.: Orientalizing in pottery.
    Mythology used for themes.
    stone sculptures.
    Elders councils share in gov't.
    Spartiates, helots, perioikoi.
  • 735 B.C. Chalcidians and Ionian Naxians settled Naxos near Mt. Aetna.
  • 734 B.C.: Dorian Corinthians settled Syracuse and Corcyra.
  • 728 B.C.: Chalcidians founded Catane and Leontini; Megarians founded Hyblaean Megara.
  • 721 B.C.: Achaeans settled Sybaris.
  • 715 B.C.: Cymaeans and Chalcidians founded Zancle.
  • 707 B.C.: Spartans settled Taras as a colony.
  • 703 B.C.: Achaeans settled Croton.
  • c. 700 B.C.: Phrygian Midas dedicates throne to the god of Delphi.

7th Century - 600s B.C.

  • 690-c. 640 B.C.: Archilochus of Paros fl.
  • 688 B.C.: Rhodians and Cretans settled Gela.
  • 664 B.C.: Traditional naval battle between Corinth and Corcyra.
  • 660 B.C.: Megara sent out colonists to Chalcedon, Byzantium, and Selymbria; Milesians settled Sinope, Trapezus, Abydos, Cyzicus,; Phocaea colonized Lampsacus.
  • 660-c. 620 B.C.: Semonides fl.
  • 628 B.C.: Megarians settled Selinus.
  • c 650-600 B.C.: Colonizing continues.
  • 650-530 B.C.: dominates.
  • 650-610 B.C.: Spartan poet Alcman fl.
  • 640-620 B.C.: Second Messenian War.
  • 621 B.C.: Draco's law code.
  • c. 600 B.C.: Periander destroys Epidaurus.
  • 600 B.C.: Sparta controls Messenian helots, forms alliances.

6th Century - 500s B.C.

Solon
Solon. Clipart.com
  • 595-585 B.C.: First Sacred War.
  • 590 B.C.: Solon's reforms.
  • 681 B.C.: Dorians settled Acragas (home of Empedocles).
  • 550 B.C.: Athens tyrants
    Red-figure.
  • 529 B.C.: Sparta invades Samos.
  • 512 B.C.: Sparta helps Athens get rid of tyrants.
    Peloponnesian League.
  • 507 B.C.: Cleisthenes' democratic reforms.
  • Before 500 B.C.: Trireme in general use.
  • 500 B.C.: Ionian revolt.
  • 490 B.C.: Marathon.
    Sparta leads Hellenic league against Persia.