Frank Lloyd Wright Architecture by City and State

Abstract detail of museum exterior, curves of white and black
Exterior of Frank Lloyd Wright's Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York. Photo By Raymond Boyd/Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images

Frank Lloyd Wright buildings can still be seen from coast to coast, across the United States. From the spiraling Guggenheim Museum in New York City to the sprawling Marin County Civic Center in California, Frank Lloyd Wright architecture is on display and this list of Wright-designed buildings will help you find where to look. All Wright design styles are here—Prairie School, Usonian, Organic ArchitectureHemi-cycle, Fireproof Homes, and American System-Built Homes.

During his lifetime, Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959) built hundreds of homes, museums, and office buildings. Many sites have been demolished, but more than 400 Wright-designed buildings still stand. Where are these buildings? Begin here, with a discussion of must-see Wright buildings in every region of the United States. Here you will find all of the intact (still-standing) structures designed by Wright and built during his life and under his supervision; a sampling of noteworthy buildings designed by Frank Lloyd Wright but not constructed until after his death; and a few of the many iconic buildings that no longer stand or are outside the U.S. This listing is more of a catalog as opposed to a visual portfolio of Wright's work.

Note that countless other fine buildings have been inspired by Frank Lloyd Wright plans. However, since they were adapted by a different architect, Wright-inspired houses do not appear in this listing. This informal index is organized by traditional regions well-known to travelers of the United States—and begins in Wisconsin, where Wright was born.

Upper Midwest and Prairie

The gardens and organic architecture of Taliesin, the Wisconsin estate of Frank Lloyd Wright
Taliesin, Spring Green, Wisconsin. Photo by Dennis K. Johnson/Lonely Planet Images/Getty Images

Frank Lloyd Wright was rooted in Wisconsin and one of his most famous homes is right here in the rurality of Spring Green. Wright was of Welsh descent and chose the Welsh name Taliesin to describe the "shining brow" placement of his architecture upon the land—not on a hill but of the hill. Since 1932, Taliesin has been the home of the Frank Lloyd Wright School of Architecture, which offers graduate-level training and the chance to become a Taliesin Fellow. The Taliesin Preservation organizes a number of public activities at Spring Green, including a variety of tours, camps, and seminars. Sign up to see Taliesin III, the Hillside Studio and Theater, Midway Farm Barns and Sheds, and various structures designed by students of the Taliesin Fellowship. Then discover more Wright architecture from Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan listed here alphabetically by towns:

Wisconsin

Bayside: Joseph Mollica House
Beaver Dam: Arnold Jackson House (Skyview)
Columbus: E. Clarke Arnold House
Delevan: A.P. Johnson House; Charles S. Ross House; Fred B. Jones Gatehouse; Fred B. Jones House (Penwern) & Barn with Stables; George W. Spencer House; and H. Wallis Summer House (Wallis-Goodsmith Cottage)
Dousman: Dr. Maurice Greenberg House
Fox Point: Albert Adelman House
Jefferson: Richard Smith House
Lake Delton: Seth Peterson Cottage
Lancaster: Patrick Kinney House
Madison: Eugene A. Gilmore House (Airplane House); Eugene Van Tamelen House;  Herbert Jacobs House I; John C. Pew House; Monona Terrace Community & Convention Center; Robert M. Lamp House; Walter Rudin House; and the Unitarian Meeting House
Middleton: Herbert Jacobs House II (Solar Hemicycle)
Milwaukee: The Frederick C. Bogk House is a single-family home, but Wright designed many duplex homes for Arthur L. Richards. Called American System-Built Homes, they can be found at 1835 South Layton (Model C3), 2714 West Burnham (Model B1), 2720 West Burnham (Model Flat C), 2724-26 West Burnham (Model Flat C), 2728-30 West Burnham (Model Flat C), and 2732-34 West Burnham (Model Flat C). Compare the unrestored flat at 2727 West Burnham with the preserved home at 2731 West Burnham Street—an amazing difference.
Oshkosh: Stephen M. B. Hunt House II
Plover: Frank Iber House
Racine: S. C. Johnson Wax Administration Building and Research Tower, Wingspread (the Herbert Fisk Johnson House at Wind Point), the Thomas P. Hardy House, and the Willard H. Keland House (Johnson-Keland House)
Richland Center: A. D. German Warehouse
Spring Green: In addition to the 800 acre estate known as Taliesin, the little town of Spring Green is the site of Unity Chapel, the Romeo & Juliet Windmill II Wright designed for his aunts, the Riverview Terrace Restaurant (Frank Lloyd Wright Visitors' Center), the Wyoming Valley Grammar School, and the Andrew T. Porter House known as Tan-y-deri.
Two Rivers: Bernard Schwartz House
Wausau: Charles L. Manson House and Duey Wright House
Wauwatosa: Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church

Minnesota

Austin: S. P. Elam House
Cloquet: Lindholm Service Station and the R. W. Lindholm House (Mantyla)
Hastings: Dr. Herman T. Fasbender Medical Clinic (Mississippi Valley Clinic)
Minneapolis: Francis W. Little House II Hallway (at Minneapolis Institute of Arts), Henry J. Neils House, and Malcolm E. Willey House
Rochester: Houses for Dr. A. H. Bulbulian, James B. McBean, and Thomas E. Keys
St. Joseph:  Dr. Edward La Fond House
St. Louis Park: Dr. Paul Olfelt House
Stillwater: Donald Lovness Cottage and House

Michigan

Ann Arbor: William Palmer House
Benton Harbor: Howard E. Anthony House
Bloomfield Hills: Residences for Gregor S. Affleck and Melvyn Maxwell Smith
Cedarville (Marquette Island): Arthur Heurtley Summer House Remodeling
Detroit: Dorothy H. Turkel House
Ferndale: Roy Wetmore Service Station
Galesburg: Curtis Meyer House; and houses for David Weisblat; Eric Pratt; and Samuel Eppstein
Grand Beach: Ernest Vosburgh House; Joseph J. Bagley House; and William S. Carr House
Grand Rapids: David M. and Hattie Amberg House and Meyer May House
Kalamazoo: Eric V. Brown House & Addition; Robert D. Winn House; Robert Levin House; and Ward McCartney House
Marquette: Abby Beecher Roberts House (Deertrack)
Northport: Mrs. W. C. (Amy) Alpaugh House
Okemos: Donald Schaberg House; Erling P. Brauner House; Goetsch-Winkler House; and James Edwards House
Plymouth: Homes for Carlton D. Wall and Lewis H. Goddard
St. Joseph: Carl Schultz House and Ina Harper House
Whitehall: George Gerts Double House and Bridge Cottage; Mrs. Thomas H. Gale Summer Cottage I, II, and III; Mr. Thomas H. Gale Summer House; and Walter Gerts House

Midwest Plains and Prairie

The Price Tower is a spectacular building of copper and concrete in the downtown area of a very small city in Oklahoma.
Price Tower Arts Center in Bartlesville, Oklahoma. Photo by Wesley Hitt/Getty Images (cropped)

Wright's Price Tower in the heart of Oklahoma is not what one might expect on the prairie. The 1950s-era skyscraper was originally designed for New York City, but the 19 stories make a more dramatic statement in the heart of Bartlesville. The Johnson Research Tower in Racine, Wisconsin was Wright's first cantilevered high-rise tower from a central core, and the Price Tower is the second—and last. The modern design uses triangle and diamond patterns and even has copper louvers shading the windows—architectural elements found in today's skyscrapers. Built as an office building, the Price Tower today is a multi-use art center with a small boutique inn and small group tours available for the architecture tourist. After your visit to Bartlesville, explore more Wright architecture from prairie towns in Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma listed here alphabetically by towns:

Iowa

Cedar Rapids: Douglas Grant House
Charles City: Dr. Alvin L. Miller House
Johnston: Paul J. Trier House
Marshalltown: Robert H. Sunday House
Mason City: Blythe & Markley Law Office (Remodeling); City National Bank;  Dr. G. C. Stockman Fireproof House; and Park Inn Hotel
Monona: Delbert W. Meier House
Oskaloosa: Carroll Alsop House; Jack Lamberson House
Quasqueton: Lowell E. Walter House, Council Fire, Gate & River Pavilion

Nebraska

McCook: Harvey P. and Eliza Sutton House

Kansas

Wichita: Henry J. Allen House (Allen-Lambe) & Garden and the Wichita State University Juvenile Cultural Study Center (Harry F. Corbin Education Center)

Oklahoma

Bartlesville: Harold C. Price Jr. House and the Price Company Tower
Tulsa: Richard Lloyd Jones House & Garage

Ohio Valley Region and Prairie

Prominent front gable with six elongated windows, attached as a cross gable rising above a serpentine stone wall
West Facade of Frank Lloyd Wright's Home in Oak Park, Illinois. Photo by Don Kalec/Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust/Archive Photos Collection/Getty Images (cropped)

Frank Lloyd Wright moved to the Chicago, Illinois area to learn the craft of architecture from the masters. His most influential mentor was architect Louis Sullivan and the center of all-things-Wright is the Oak Park area, west of Chicago, where he spent 20 formative years. Oak Park is where Wright built a studio, raised a family, and developed the Prairie School style of architecture. The Frank Lloyd Wright Trust offers a number of tours of his home and area architecture. Here is more Wright architecture from Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, and West Virginia arranged alphabetically by town.

Illinois

Aurora: William B. Greene House
Bannockburn: Allen Friedman House
Barrington Hills: Homes for Carl Post (the Borah-Post House) and Louis B. Frederick
Batavia: A. W. Gridley House
Belvidere: William H. Pettit Memorial Chapel
Chicago: Abraham Lincoln Center, E-Z Polish Polish Factory, Edward C. Waller Apartments (5 buildings), Emil Bach House, Frederick C. Robie House & Garage, George Blossom House and Garage, Guy C. Smith House, H. Howard Hyde House, Isidore Heller House & Additions,  J. J. Walser Jr. House, James A. Charnley House (Charnley-Persky House), McArthur Dining Room Remodeling, Raymond W. Evans House, Robert Roloson Rowhouses, Rookery Building (Lobby Remodeling), S. A. Foster House & Stable, Warren McArthur House Remodeling & Stable, and the William & Jesse Adams House
Decatur: Edward P. Irving House & Garage and the Robert Mueller House
Dwight: Frank L. Smith Bank (now First National Bank)
Elmhurst: F. B. Henderson House
Evanston: A. W. Hebert House Remodeling, Charles A. Brown House, and Oscar A. Johnson House
Flossmoor: Frederick D. Nichols House
Glencoe: Houses for Charles R. Perry, Edmund D. Brigham, Hollis R. Root, Lute F. Kissam, Sherman M. Booth (and Honeymoon Cottage), William A. Glasner, William F. Ross, William Kier, and the Ravine Bluffs Development Bridge & Entry Sculptures (3)
Glenview: John O. Carr House
Geneva: Col. George Fabyan Villa Remodeling and P. D. Hoyt House
Highland Park: George Madison Millard House, Mary M. W. Adams House, Ward W. Willitts House, and Ward W. Willitts Gardener's Cottage & Stables
Hinsdale: Frederick Bagley House and W. H. Freeman House
Kankakee: B. Harley Bradley House (Glenlloyd) & Stable and Warren Hickox House
Kenilworth: Hiram Baldwin House
La Grange: Orrin Goan House, Peter Goan House, Robert G. Emmond House, Steven M. B. Hunt House I, and W. Irving Clark House
Lake Bluff: Herbert Angster House
Lake Forest: Charles F. Glore House
Libertyville: Lloyd Lewis House & Farm Unit
Lisle: Donald C. Duncan House
Oak Park: Arthur Heurtley House,  Charles E. Roberts House Remodeling & Stable,
Edward R. Hills House Remodeling (Hills-DeCaro House),  Edwin H. Cheney House, Emma Martin Garage (for Fricke-Martin House), Francis Wooley House, Francisco Terrace Apartments Arch (in Euclid Place Apartments), Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio, Frank W. Thomas House, George Furbeck House, George W. Smith House, Harrison P. Young House Addition & Remodeling, Harry C. Goodrich House, Harry S. Adams House & Garage, Nathan G. Moore House (Dugal-Moore Home) & Remodeling and Stable, Oscar B. Balch House, Peter A. Beachey House, Robert P. Parker House, Rollin Furbeck House & Remodeling,  Mrs. Thomas H. Gale House, Thomas H. Gale House, Walter M. Gale House, Walter Gerts House Remodeling, William E. Martin House, William G. Fricke House (Fricke-Martin House), and Dr. William H. Copeland Alterations to both House & Garage
Peoria: Francis W. Little House I (Little-Clark House) & Stable and Robert D. Clarke Stable Addition (to F. W. Little Stable)
Plato Center: Robert Muirhead House
River Forest: Chauncey L. Williams House & Remodeling, E. Arthur Davenport House,  Edward C. Waller Gates, Isabel Roberts House (Roberts-Scott House),  J. Kibben Ingalls House, River Forest Tennis Club, Warren Scott House Remodeling (of Isabel Roberts House), William H. Winslow House (the first Prairie Style in 1893), and William H. Winslow Stable
Riverside: Avery Coonley House, Playhouse, Coach House, and Gardener's Cottage, and the Ferdinand F. Tomek House
Rockford: Kenneth Laurent House
Springfield: Lawrence Memorial Library, Susan Lawrence Dana House (Dana-Thomas House) & Stable Remodeling, and Susan Lawrence Dana White Cottage Basement
Wilmette: Frank J. Baker House & Carriage House and Lewis Burleigh House

Indiana

Fort Wayne: John Haynes House
Gary: Ingwald Moe House (669 Van Buren) and Wilbur Wynant House (600 Fillmore)
Marion: Dr. Richard Davis House & Addition
Ogden Dunes: Andrew F. H. Armstrong House
South Bend: Herman T. Mossberg House and K. C. DeRhodes House
West Lafayette: John E. Christian House (Samara)

Kentucky

Frankfort: Rev. Jesse R. Zeigler House

Missouri

Kansas City: Arnold Adler House Addition (to Sondern House), Clarence Sondern House (Sondern-Adler House), Frank Bott House, Kansas City Community Christian Church
Kirkwood: Russell W. M. Kraus House
St. Louis: Theodore A. Pappas House

Ohio

Amberly Village: Gerald B. Tonkens House
Canton: Residences for Ellis A. Feiman, John J. Dobkins, and Nathan Rubin
Cincinnati: Cedric G. Boulter House & Addition
Dayton: Dr. Kenneth L. Meyers Medical Clinic
Indian Hills: William P. Boswell House
North Madison: Karl A. Staley House
Oberlin: Charles T. Weltzheimer House (Weltzheimer-Johnson House)
Springfield: Burton J. Westcott House & Garage
Willoughby Hills: Louis Penfield House

Tennessee

Chattanooga: Seamour Shavin House

West Virginia

No known buildings

Northeast

Tourists stand on cantilever decks at Fallingwater, Frank Lloyd Wright's design in Pennsylvania
Fallingwater, the Kaufmann House in Mill Run, Pennsylvania. Photo by © Richard A. Cooke III/CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images (cropped)

The most recognized work of organic architecture made by Frank Lloyd Wright is arguably the house with the water running through it—Fallingwater, in the woods of southern Pennsylvania. Owned and operated by the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy, Fallingwater and its tours have become a destination for every lover of architecture. Like many of Wright's cantilevered constructions, the house has undergone extensive renovations, yet the casual tourist would never know—it seems just as department store magnate Edgar J. Kaufmann and his family left it. Try to go in early summer when the rhododendrons are in bloom, and include a visit to nearby Kentuck Knob. Here listed are more Wright buildings from Pennsylvania and other northeastern states including Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, and New York, listed alphabetically by towns. Maine, Rhode Island, and Vermont have no known Frank Lloyd Wright buildings, but they're still looking.

Pennsylvania

Allentown: Francis W. Little House II-Library (at Allentown Art Museum)
Ardmore: Suntop Homes I, II, III, and IV
Chalkhill: I. N. Hagen House (Kentuck Knob)
Elkins Park: Beth Sholom Synagogue
Mill Run: Edgar J. Kaufmann Sr. House and Guest house (Fallingwater)
Pittsburgh: Frank Lloyd Wright Field Office (with Aaron Green) at Heinz Architectural Center

Connecticut

New Canaan: John L. Rayward House (Rayward-Shepherd House) Addition & Playhouse
Stamford: Frank S. Sander House (Springbough)

Delaware

Wilmington: Dudley Spencer House

Maryland

Baltimore: Joseph Euchtman House
Bethesda: Robert Llewellyn Wright House

Massachusetts

Amherst: Theodore Baird House & Shop

New Hampshire

Manchester: Dr. Isadore Zimmerman House and Toufic H. Kalil House

New Jersey

Bernardsville: James B. Christie House & Shop
Cherry Hill: J. A. Sweeton House
Glen Ridge: Stuart Richardson House
Millstone: Abraham Wilson House (Bachman-Wilson House) was moved to Crystal Bridges Museum in Bentonville, Arkansas

New York

Blauvelt: Socrates Zaferiou House
Buffalo: Blue Sky Mausoleum (Constructed in 2004 from 1928 plans), Darwin D. Martin House Complex, Fontana Boathouse (Constructed in 2004 from 1905 and 1930 plans), George Barton House, Larkin Company Administration Building (no longer standing), Walter V. Davidson House, and William R. Heath House
Derby: Isabel Martin Summer House (Graycliff) & Garage
Great Neck: Estates Ben Rebhuhn House
Lake Mahopac (Petra Island): A. K. Chahroudi Cottage
New York City: Francis W. Little House II-Living Room at Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
Pleasantville: Edward Serlin House, Roland Reisley House & Addition, and Sol Friedman House
Richmond: William Cass House (The Crimson Beech)
Rochester: Edward E. Boynton House
Rye: Maximilian Hoffman House

Maine, Rhode Island, and Vermont

No known buildings

Southeast

white concrete esplanade, partially covered walkway with vegetation
An Esplanade at Florida Southern College. Photo ©2017 Jackie Craven

The campus of Florida Southern College in Lakeland offers the most expansive array of Frank Lloyd Wright architecture anywhere in the south. Two chapels, science and arts buildings, administration and seminar rooms, and Wright's only planetarium are artfully connected by a series of esplanades. Many of the buildings were constructed with student labor, but the designs are all pure Wright. A number of different walking tour options are available from the gift shop and visitors' center—and when classes are in session, a grilled lunch is not far away from a self-guided tourist. Here are more Wright buildings in Florida, South Carolina, and Virginia. Georgia and North Carolina have no known Wright buildings.

Florida

Lakeland: Florida Southern College Campus
Tallahassee: George Lewis House, now the Spring House Institute

South Carolina

Greenville: Gabrielle Austin House (Broad Margin)
Yemassee: Auldbrass Plantation—The C. Leigh Stevens House, Wright's only known South Carolina plantation that the architect renamed Auldbrass is privately owned but occasional day tours have been arranged by the Beaufort County Open Land Trust

Virginia

McLean: Luis Marden House
Alexandria: Loren Pope House (Pope-Leighey House)
Virginia Beach: Andrew B. Cooke House

Georgia and North Carolina

No known buildings

South and Southwest

steel arched red lamp poles lead toward the circular concrete auditorium
Gammage Auditorium at Arizona State University in Tempe. Photo by Richard Cummins/robertharding/Getty Images

The American South and Southwest have both the earliest and latest examples of architecture by Frank Lloyd Wright. The South is where the young draftsman for Louis Sullivan experimented with what became known as the Prairie School design—and the Southwest was Wright's second home and the place of his death. His winter home at Taliesin West remains a pilgrimage destination for the Wright student and architecture enthusiast. But while you're in Arizona, make sure you check out the Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium, Wright's last large public works project. It looks like a sports stadium on the outside—its 50 concrete pillars holds an outer roof over an inner circle—yet it is a fine arts auditorium that seats over 3,000 with natural surround-sound acoustics. The ASU Gammage is a functioning part of Arizona State University.

Arizona

Paradise Valley: Arthur Pieper House and Harold C. Price Sr. House (Grandma House)
Phoenix: Arizona Biltmore Hotel and Cottages, Benjamin Adelman House, Sitting Room & Carport, David Wright House, Jorgine Boomer House, Norman Lykes House, Raymond Carlson House, and Rose Paulson House (Shiprock) (foundation ruins)
Scottsdale: Taliesin West
Tempe: Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium (Arizona State University)

Alabama

Florence: Stanley Rosenbaum House & Addition

Mississippi

The State of Mississippi has one of the earliest and latest examples of Frank Lloyd Wright architecture. In Jackson, the J. Willis Hughes House, also known as Fountainhead, is a modern and mature design. In Ocean Springs, the restored James Charnley / Frederick Norwood Summer Residence was built when Wright was still a young draftsman for Chicago architect Louis Sullivan. Another summer house in Ocean Springs built and designed by and for Louis Sullivan was destroyed in 2005 by Hurricane Katrina.

Texas

Amarillo: Sterling Kinney House
Bunker Hill: William L. Thaxton Jr. House
Dallas: Dallas Theater Center (Kalita Humphreys Theater) and John A. Gillin House

New Mexico

Pecos: Arnold Friedman House (The Fir Tree) & Caretaker's Quarters

Arkansas and Louisiana

No known original buildings. Crystal Bridges Museum in Bentonville, Arkansas is now home to the Bachman-Wilson House from New Jersey

West, Northwest, Rockies, and Northern Plains

aerial view of a sprawling winged building on either side of a round dome, low, horizontal, organic to the land
Marin Civic Center in San Rafael, California. Photo by Steve Proehl/Corbis Documentary/Getty Images (cropped)

Frank Lloyd Wright built where the money was, and during much of the 20th century American dollars flowed in California. Wright buildings can be seen from the Hollywood Hills of Los Angeles to one of the wealthiest communities in the United States, Marin County near San Francisco. The Marin County Civic Center shown here is a sprawling work of public architecture, organically built into the hills of San Rafael. Both the Administration Building (1962) and the Hall of Justice (1970) were designed by Wright before he died in 1959. They are Wright's only government buildings. The historic marker nearby claims that Wright designed the building to "melt into the sunburnt hills."

California

Atherton: Arthur C. Mathews House
Bakersfield: Dr. George Ablin House
Beverly Hills: Anderton Court Shops
Bradbury: Wilbur C. Pearce House
Carmel: Mrs. Clinton Walker House
Hillsborough: Louis Frank Playroom/Studio Addition (for Bazett House) and Sidney Bazett House (Bazett-Frank House)
Los Angeles: Aline M. Barnsdall House (Hollyhock House) and Estate, Charles Ennis House (Ennis-Brown House) & Chauffeur's Quarters, John Nesbitt Alterations (to Ennis House), Dr. John Storer House, George D. Sturges House, and Samuel Freeman House
Los Banos: Randall Fawcett House
Malibu: Arch Oboler Gatehouse and Eleanor's Retreat
Modesto: Robert G. Walton House
Montecito: George C. Stewart House (Butterfly Woods)
Orinda: Maynard P. Buehler House
Palo Alto: Paul R. Hanna House (Honeycomb House), Additions & Remodeling
Pasadena: Mrs. George M. Millard House (La Miniatura)
Redding: Pilgrim Congregational Church
San Anselmo: Robert Berger House and Jim Berger Dog House
San Francisco: V.C. Morris Gift Shop
San Luis Obispo: Dr. Karl Kundert Medical Clinic
San Rafael: Marin County Civic Center Administration Building and Hall of Justice, and Marin County U.S. Post Office

Idaho

Bliss: Archie Boyd Teater Studio

Oregon

Silverton: Conrad E. & Evelyn Gordon House

Washington

Issaquah: Ray Brandes House
Normandy Park: William B. Tracy House & Garage
Tacoma: Chauncey Griggs House

Montana

Darby: Como Orchards Summer Colony One-Room Cottage and Three-Room Cottage
Whitefish: Lockridge Medical Clinic

Utah

Bountiful: Don M Stromquist House

Wyoming

Cody: Quintin Blair House

Nevada, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Colorado

No known buildings

More Wright Buildings

The earthquake-resistant Imperial Hotel, 1922 (razed in 1967), Tokyo, Japan
The earthquake-resistant Imperial Hotel, 1922 (razed in 1967), Tokyo, Japan. Photo by Hulton Archive/Hulton Archive Collection/Getty Images

In determining which buildings are authentic Frank Lloyd Wright structures, a definitive source of information can be found in the catalogs compiled by Frank Lloyd Wright scholar William Allin Storrer. Storrer's website, FLW Update, posts updates and announcements of new information about Frank Lloyd Wright buildings.

Frank Lloyd Wright did not build exclusively in mainland United States. Although there are no known buildings in Alaska, a hemicycle design Wright created for a Pennsylvania family in 1954 was built in 1995 near Waimea in Hawaii. It is used as a vacation rental. Wright is known to have designed site-specific homes—Pennsylvania is a long way from Hawaii, but his plans were often re-used.

It may seem odd, but In London, England the office of Edgar J. Kaufmann Sr. is part of the collection at the Victoria & Albert Museum. Less of an oddity is the summer cottage Wright designed for Chicago businessman E.H. Pitkin, whose land was on Sapper Island, Desbarats, in Ontario, Canada.

Most notable, however, is Wright's work in Japan—an experience that influenced his designs all of his life. The Yamamura House (1918) near Ashiya is the only original Wright building left standing in Japan. In Tokyo, the Aisaku Hayashi House (1917) was Wright's first residence built outside the U.S. quickly followed by the Jiyu Gakuen Girls' School (1921). These smaller projects were built while Wright's iconic Imperial Hotel was being designed and constructed in Tokyo (1912-1922). Although the hotel survived countless earthquakes, developers tore down the building in 1967. All that remains is a reconstruction of the front lobby at Museum Meijimura near Nagoya.

"The land is the simplest form of architecture," Wright wrote in 1937. "Building upon the land is as natural to man as to other animals, birds, or insects." So, when does a building become architecture? Wright believes architecture is formed by the human spirit, and that a mere building does not know this spirit. "It is a spirit by and for man, a spirit of time and place. And we must perceive architecture, if we are to understand it at all, to be a spirit of the spirit of man that will live as long as man lives."

Sources

  • The Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright (Second Edition) by William Allin Storrer, MIT Press, 1978
  • The Future of Architecture by Frank Lloyd Wright, New American Library, Horizon Press, 1953, pp. 21, 41, 59
  • Price Tower Arts Center, EMPORIS.com [accessed September 17, 2017]
  • Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium, Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation [accessed September 18, 2017]
  • Marin County Civic Center historical marker, placed by the State Department of Parks and Recreation, December 31, 1992
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Craven, Jackie. "Frank Lloyd Wright Architecture by City and State." ThoughtCo, Oct. 18, 2017, thoughtco.com/architecture-by-frank-lloyd-wright-3573373. Craven, Jackie. (2017, October 18). Frank Lloyd Wright Architecture by City and State. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/architecture-by-frank-lloyd-wright-3573373 Craven, Jackie. "Frank Lloyd Wright Architecture by City and State." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/architecture-by-frank-lloyd-wright-3573373 (accessed November 22, 2017).