Frank Lloyd Wright Architecture by City and State

A Complete List of His Buildings

The spiral ramp of the Guggenheim Museum and the glass dome above it.
Inside the Guggenheim Museum in New York City. Fabrizio Carraro/Mondadori Portfolio via Getty Images (cropped)

Frank Lloyd Wright buildings can still be seen from coast to coast, across the United States. From the spiraling Guggenheim Museum in New York City to the sprawling Marin County Civic Center in California Wright architecture is on display, and this list of Wright-designed buildings will help you find where to look. All Wright design styles are here: Prairie School, UsonianOrganic ArchitectureHemicycle, Fireproof Homes, and American System-Built Homes.

Must-See Buildings

During his lifetime, Wright (1867-1959) built hundreds of homes, museums, and office buildings. Many sites have been demolished, but more than 400 Wright-designed buildings still stand. This list includes must-see Wright buildings in every region of the United States. Included are all of the intact (still-standing) structures designed by Wright and built during his life and under his supervision, a sampling of noteworthy buildings designed by Wright but not constructed until after his death, and a few of the iconic buildings that no longer stand or are outside the U.S. This listing is more of a catalog as opposed to a visual portfolio of Wright's work.

Countless other fine buildings—not on this list—have been inspired by Wright's structures. "The land is the simplest form of architecture," Wright wrote in 1937. "Building upon the land is as natural to man as to other animals, birds, or insects." Wright believed architecture is formed by the human spirit, and that a mere building does not know this spirit. As Wright stated: "We must perceive architecture, if we are to understand it at all, to be a spirit of the spirit of man that will live as long as man lives."

This informal index is organized by traditional regions well-known to travelers of the United States. Many structures are located where Wright lived and worked as a young man, in the Ohio Valley region, but this journey begins in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains—in Wisconsin, where Wright was born..

Upper Midwest and Great Plains

The gardens and organic architecture of Taliesin, large stone chimney, horizontal orientation of compound in the Wisconsin estate of Frank Lloyd Wright
Taliesin, Spring Green, Wisconsin. Dennis K. Johnson/Getty Images

Wright was rooted in Wisconsin, and one of his most famous homes, shown here, is in the community of Spring Green. Wright was of Welsh descent and chose the Welsh name Taliesin to describe the "shining brow" placement of his architecture upon the land—not on a hill but of the hill.

Since 1932, Taliesin has been the home of the The School of Architecture at Taliesin, which offers graduate-level training and the chance to become a Taliesin Fellow. The Taliesin Preservation organizes a number of public activities at Spring Green, including tours, camps, and seminars. Sign up to see Taliesin III, the Hillside Studio and Theater, Midway Farm Barns and Sheds, and various structures designed by students of the Taliesin Fellowship. Then discover more Wright architecture from Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan listed here alphabetically by towns.

Wisconsin

  • Bayside: Joseph Mollica House
  • Beaver Dam: Arnold Jackson House (Skyview)
  • Columbus: E. Clarke Arnold House
  • Delevan: A.P. Johnson House; Charles S. Ross House; Fred B. Jones Gatehouse; Fred B. Jones House (Penwern) & Barn with Stables; George W. Spencer House; and H. Wallis Summer House (Wallis-Goodsmith Cottage)
  • Dousman: Dr. Maurice Greenberg House
  • Fox Point: Albert Adelman House
  • Jefferson: Richard Smith House
  • Lake Delton: Seth Peterson Cottage
  • Lancaster: Patrick Kinney House
  • Madison: Eugene A. Gilmore House (Airplane House); Eugene Van Tamelen House; Herbert Jacobs House I; John C. Pew House; Monona Terrace Community & Convention Center; Robert M. Lamp House; Walter Rudin House; and the Unitarian Meeting House
  • Middleton: Herbert Jacobs House II (Solar Hemicycle)
  • Milwaukee: The Frederick C. Bogk House is a single-family home, but Wright designed many duplex homes for Arthur L. Richards. Called American System-Built Homes, they can be found at 1835 South Layton (Model C3), 2714 West Burnham (Model B1), 2720 West Burnham (Model Flat C), 2724-26 West Burnham (Model Flat C), 2728-30 West Burnham (Model Flat C), and 2732-34 West Burnham (Model Flat C). Compare the unrestored flat at 2727 West Burnham with the preserved home at 2731 West Burnham Street for a quick lesson in how vinyl siding can hide architectural details.
  • Oshkosh: Stephen M. B. Hunt House II
  • Plover: Frank Iber House
  • Racine: S. C. Johnson Wax Administration Building and Research Tower, Wingspread (the Herbert Fisk Johnson House at Wind Point), the Thomas P. Hardy House, and the Willard H. Keland House (Johnson-Keland House)
  • Richland Center: A. D. German Warehouse
  • Spring Green: In addition to the 800-acre estate known as Taliesin, the little town of Spring Green is the site of Unity Chapel, the Romeo & Juliet Windmill II Wright designed for his aunts, the Riverview Terrace Restaurant (Frank Lloyd Wright Visitors' Center), the Wyoming Valley Grammar School, and the Andrew T. Porter House, known as Tan-y-deri.
  • Two Rivers: Bernard Schwartz House
  • Wausau: Charles L. Manson House and Duey Wright House
  • Wauwatosa: Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church

Minnesota

  • Austin: S. P. Elam House
  • Cloquet: Lindholm Service Station and the R. W. Lindholm House (Mantyla)
  • Hastings: Dr. Herman T. Fasbender Medical Clinic (Mississippi Valley Clinic)
  • Minneapolis: Francis W. Little House II Hallway (at Minneapolis Institute of Arts); Henry J. Neils House; and Malcolm E. Willey House
  • Rochester: Houses for Dr. A. H. Bulbulian, James B. McBean, and Thomas E. Keys
  • St. Joseph: Dr. Edward La Fond House
  • St. Louis Park: Dr. Paul Olfelt House
  • Stillwater: Donald Lovness Cottage and House

Michigan

  • Ann Arbor: William Palmer House
  • Benton Harbor: Howard E. Anthony House
  • Bloomfield Hills: Residences for Gregor S. Affleck and Melvyn Maxwell Smith
  • Cedarville (Marquette Island): Arthur Heurtley Summer House Remodeling
  • Detroit: Dorothy H. Turkel House
  • Ferndale: Roy Wetmore Service Station
  • Galesburg: Curtis Meyer House; and houses for David Weisblat; Eric Pratt; and Samuel Eppstein
  • Grand Beach: Ernest Vosburgh House; Joseph J. Bagley House; and William S. Carr House
  • Grand Rapids: David M. and Hattie Amberg House and Meyer May House
  • Kalamazoo: Eric V. Brown House & Addition; Robert D. Winn House; Robert Levin House; and Ward McCartney House
  • Marquette: Abby Beecher Roberts House (Deertrack)
  • Northport: Mrs. W. C. (Amy) Alpaugh House
  • Okemos: Donald Schaberg House; Erling P. Brauner House; Goetsch-Winkler House; and James Edwards House
  • Plymouth: Homes for Carlton D. Wall and Lewis H. Goddard
  • St. Joseph: Carl Schultz House and Ina Harper House
  • Whitehall: George Gerts Double House and Bridge Cottage; Mrs. Thomas H. Gale Summer Cottage I, II, and III; Mr. Thomas H. Gale Summer House; and Walter Gerts House

Midwest Plains and Prairie

A spectacular tower building, multiple stories of copper and concrete in the downtown area of a very small city in Oklahoma.
Price Tower Arts Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma. Wesley Hitt/Getty Images (cropped)

Wright's Price Tower in the heart of Oklahoma is not what you might expect on the Great Plains. The 1950s-era skyscraper was originally designed for New York City, but the 19 stories make a more dramatic statement in the heart of Bartlesville. The Johnson Research Tower in Racine, Wisconsin, was Wright's first cantilevered high-rise tower from a central core, and the Price Tower is the second—and last.

The modern design uses triangle and diamond patterns and even has copper louvers shading the windows, which are architectural elements found in today's skyscrapers. Built as an office building, the Price Tower is a multiuse art center with a small boutique inn, restaurant, gallery, an architecture study center, and small group tours available for the architecture tourist. After your visit to Bartlesville, explore more Wright architecture from prairie towns in Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma.

Iowa

  • Cedar Rapids: Douglas Grant House
  • Charles City: Dr. Alvin L. Miller House
  • Johnston: Paul J. Trier House
  • Marshalltown: Robert H. Sunday House
  • Mason City: Blythe & Markley Law Office (Remodeling); City National Bank;  Dr. G. C. Stockman Fireproof House; and Park Inn Hotel
  • Monona: Delbert W. Meier House
  • Oskaloosa: Carroll Alsop House; Jack Lamberson House
  • Quasqueton: Lowell E. Walter House, Council Fire, Gate & River Pavilion

Nebraska

Kansas

Oklahoma

  • Bartlesville: Harold C. Price Jr. House (Hillside) and the Price Company Tower
  • Tulsa: Richard Lloyd Jones House (Westhope)

Ohio Valley Region and Prairie

Prominent front gable with six elongated windows, attached as a cross gable rising above a serpentine stone wall
Frank Lloyd Wright's Home and Studio in Oak Park, Illinois. Don Kalec/Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust/Getty Images (cropped)

Wright moved from Wisconsin to the Chicago area to learn the craft of architecture from the masters. His most influential mentor was architect Louis Sullivan, his employer in Chicago. But the center-of-all-things Wright is the Oak Park area, west of Chicago, where he spent 20 formative years. Oak Park is where Wright built a studio, raised a family, and developed the Prairie School style of architecture. The Frank Lloyd Wright Trust offers a number of tours of his home and area architecture.

Illinois

  • Aurora: William B. Greene House
  • Bannockburn: Allen Friedman House
  • Barrington Hills: Homes for Carl Post (the Borah-Post House) and Louis B. Frederick
  • Batavia: A. W. Gridley House
  • Belvidere: William H. Pettit Memorial Chapel
  • Chicago: Abraham Lincoln Center, E-Z Polish Polish Factory; Edward C. Waller Apartments (5 buildings); Emil Bach House; Frederick C. Robie House & Garage; George Blossom House and Garage; Guy C. Smith House, H. Howard Hyde House; Isidore Heller House and additions; J. J. Walser Jr. House; James A. Charnley House (Charnley-Persky House); McArthur Dining Room Remodeling; Raymond W. Evans House; Robert Roloson Rowhouses; the lobby of the Rookery Building; S. A. Foster House & Stable; Warren McArthur House Remodeling & Stable; and the William & Jesse Adams House
  • Decatur: Edward P. Irving House; the Robert Mueller House; and the Prairie Style Homes of Millikin Place
  • Dwight: Frank L. Smith Bank (now First National Bank)
  • Elmhurst: F. B. Henderson House
  • Evanston: A. W. Hebert House Remodeling, Charles A. Brown House, and Oscar A. Johnson House
  • Flossmoor: Frederick D. Nichols House
  • Glencoe: Houses for Charles R. Perry, Edmund D. Brigham, Hollis R. Root, Lute F. Kissam, Sherman M. Booth (and Honeymoon Cottage), William A. Glasner, William F. Ross, William Kier, as well as the Ravine Bluffs Development Bridge & Entry Sculptures
  • Glenview: John O. Carr House
  • Geneva: Col. George Fabyan Villa Remodeling and P. D. Hoyt House
  • Highland Park: George Madison Millard House; Mary M. W. Adams House; Ward W. Willitts House; and Ward W. Willitts Gardener's Cottage & Stables
  • Hinsdale: Frederick Bagley House and W. H. Freeman House
  • Kankakee: B. Harley Bradley House (Glenlloyd) & Stable and Warren Hickox House
  • Kenilworth: Hiram Baldwin House
  • La Grange: Orrin Goan House, Peter Goan House; Robert G. Emmond House; Steven M. B. Hunt House I; and W. Irving Clark House
  • Lake Bluff: Herbert Angster House
  • Lake Forest: Charles F. Glore House
  • Libertyville: Lloyd Lewis House & Farm Unit
  • Lisle: Donald C. Duncan House
  • Oak Park: Arthur Heurtley House, Charles E. Roberts House Remodeling & Stable; Edward R. Hills House Remodeling (Hills-DeCaro House); Edwin H. Cheney House, Emma Martin Garage (for Fricke-Martin House); Francis Wooley House, Francisco Terrace Apartments Arch (in Euclid Place Apartments); Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio; Frank W. Thomas House; George Furbeck House; George W. Smith House; Harrison P. Young House Addition & Remodeling; Harry C. Goodrich House; Harry S. Adams House & Garage; Nathan G. Moore House (Dugal-Moore Home) & Remodeling and Stable; Oscar B. Balch House; Peter A. Beachey House; Robert P. Parker House; Rollin Furbeck House & Remodeling; Mrs. Thomas H. Gale House; Thomas H. Gale House; Walter M. Gale House; Walter Gerts House Remodeling; William E. Martin House; William G. Fricke House (Fricke-Martin House); and Dr. William H. Copeland Alterations to both House & Garage
  • Peoria: Francis W. Little House I (Little-Clark House) & Stable and Robert D. Clarke Stable Addition (to F. W. Little Stable)
  • Plato Center: Robert Muirhead House
  • River Forest: Chauncey L. Williams House & Remodeling; E. Arthur Davenport House; Edward C. Waller Gates; Isabel Roberts House (Roberts-Scott House); J. Kibben Ingalls House, River Forest Tennis Club; Warren Scott House Remodeling (of Isabel Roberts House); and the William H. Winslow House (the first Prairie Style in 1893)
  • Riverside: Avery Coonley House, Playhouse, Coach House, and Gardener's Cottage, and the Ferdinand F. Tomek House
  • Rockford: Kenneth Laurent House
  • Springfield: Lawrence Memorial Library; Susan Lawrence Dana House (Dana-Thomas House); and Susan Lawrence Dana White Cottage Basement
  • Wilmette: Frank J. Baker House & Carriage House and Lewis Burleigh House

Indiana

  • Fort Wayne: John Haynes House
  • Gary: Ingwald Moe House (669 Van Buren) and Wilbur Wynant House (600 Fillmore)
  • Marion: Dr. Richard Davis House & Addition
  • Ogden Dunes: Andrew F. H. Armstrong House
  • South Bend: Herman T. Mossberg House and K. C. DeRhodes House
  • West Lafayette: John E. Christian House (Samara)

Kentucky

Missouri

  • Kansas City: Arnold Adler House Addition (to Sondern House); Clarence Sondern House (Sondern-Adler House); Frank Bott House; and Kansas City Community Christian Church
  • Kirkwood: Russell W. M. Kraus House
  • St. Louis: Theodore A. Pappas House

Ohio

  • Amberly Village: Gerald B. Tonkens House
  • Canton: Residences for Ellis A. Feiman, John J. Dobkins, and Nathan Rubin
  • Cincinnati: Cedric G. Boulter House & Addition
  • Dayton: Dr. Kenneth L. Meyers Medical Clinic
  • Indian Hills: William P. Boswell House
  • North Madison: Karl A. Staley House
  • Oberlin: Charles T. Weltzheimer House (Weltzheimer-Johnson House)
  • Springfield: Burton J. Westcott House & Garage
  • Willoughby Hills: Louis Penfield House

Tennessee

  • Chattanooga: Seamour Shavin House

Northeast

Tourists stand on cantilever decks at Fallingwater, Frank Lloyd Wright's design in Pennsylvania
Fallingwater, the Kaufmann House in Mill Run, Pennsylvania. Richard A. Cooke III/Corbis via Getty Images (cropped)

The most recognizable work of organic architecture Wright created is arguably the house with the water running through it—Fallingwater—in the woods of southern Pennsylvania. Owned and operated by the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy, Fallingwater and its tours have become a destination for every lover of architecture. Like many of Wright's cantilevered constructions, the house has undergone extensive renovations, yet the typical tourist would never know; it seems just the same as when department store magnate Edgar J. Kaufmann and his family left it. Try to go in early summer when the rhododendrons are in bloom, and include a visit to nearby Kentuck Knob.

Pennsylvania

Connecticut

  • New Canaan: John L. Rayward House (Rayward-Shepherd House) Addition & Playhouse
  • Stamford: Frank S. Sander House (Springbough)

Delaware

  • Wilmington: Dudley Spencer House

Maryland

Massachusetts

  • Amherst: Theodore Baird House & Shop

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

Southeast

white concrete esplanade, partially covered walkway with vegetation
An Esplanade at Florida Southern College. Jackie Craven

The campus of Florida Southern College in Lakeland offers the most expansive array of Wright architecture in the South. Two chapels, science and arts buildings, administration and seminar rooms, and Wright's only planetarium are artfully connected by a series of esplanades. Many of the buildings were constructed with student labor, but the designs are all pure Wright. A number of different walking tours are available from the gift shop and visitors' center, and when classes are in session, a grilled lunch is not far away from a self-guided tourist.

Florida

South Carolina

  • Greenville: Gabrielle Austin House (Broad Margin)
  • Yemassee: Auldbrass Plantation — Wright renamed the C. Leigh Stevens House Old Brass (Auldbrass)

Virginia

South and Southwest

steel arched red lamp poles lead toward the circular concrete auditorium
Gammage Auditorium at Arizona State University in Tempe. Richard Cummins/Getty Images

The South and Southwest have both the earliest and latest examples of Wright's architecture. The South is where the young draftsman for Louis Sullivan experimented with what became known as the Prairie School design, and the Southwest was Wright's winter home and the place of his death. His winter home at Taliesin West remains a pilgrimage destination for Wright students and architecture enthusiasts.

While you're in Arizona, check out the Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium, Wright's last large public works project. It looks like a sports stadium on the outside—its 50 concrete pillars holds an outer roof over an inner circle—yet it is a fine arts auditorium that seats over 3,000 with natural surround-sound acoustics. The ASU Gammage is a functioning part of Arizona State University.

Arizona

  • Paradise Valley: Arthur Pieper House and Harold C. Price Sr. House (Grandma House)
  • Phoenix: Arizona Biltmore Hotel and Cottages; Benjamin Adelman House, Sitting Room & Carport; David Wright House; Jorgine Boomer House, Norman Lykes House; Raymond Carlson House; and Rose Paulson House (Shiprock) (foundation ruins)
  • Scottsdale: Taliesin West
  • Tempe: Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium (Arizona State University)

Alabama

Mississippi

The State of Mississippi has one of the earliest and latest examples of Frank Lloyd Wright architecture.

Texas

  • Amarillo: Sterling Kinney House
  • Bunker Hill: William L. Thaxton Jr. House
  • Dallas: Dallas Theater Center (Kalita Humphreys Theater) and John A. Gillin House

New Mexico

  • Pecos: Arnold Friedman House (The Fir Tree) & Caretaker's Quarters

Arkansas

West, Northwest, Rockies, and Northern Plains

aerial view of a sprawling winged building on either side of a round dome, low, horizontal, organic to the land
Marin Civic Center, San Rafael, California. Steve Proehl/Getty Images (cropped)

Wright built where the money was, and during much of the 20th century American dollars flowed in California. Wright's buildings can be seen from the Hollywood Hills of Los Angeles to one of the wealthiest communities in the United States, Marin County near San Francisco. The Marin County Civic Center is a sprawling work of public architecture, organically built into the hills of San Rafael. Both the Administration Building (1962) and the Hall of Justice (1970) were designed by Wright before he died in 1959. They are Wright's only government buildings. The historic marker nearby claims that Wright designed the building to "melt into the sunburnt hills."

California

  • Atherton: Arthur C. Mathews House
  • Bakersfield: Dr. George Ablin House
  • Beverly Hills: Anderton Court Shops
  • Bradbury: Wilbur C. Pearce House
  • Carmel: Mrs. Clinton Walker House
  • Hillsborough: Louis Frank Playroom/Studio Addition (for Bazett House) and Sidney Bazett House (Bazett-Frank House)
  • Los Angeles: Aline M. Barnsdall House (Hollyhock House) and Estate; Charles Ennis House (Ennis-Brown House) & Chauffeur's Quarters; John Nesbitt Alterations (to Ennis House); Dr. John Storer House, George D. Sturges House; and Samuel Freeman House
  • Los Banos: Randall Fawcett House
  • Malibu: Arch Oboler Gatehouse and Eleanor's Retreat
  • Modesto: Robert G. Walton House
  • Montecito: George C. Stewart House (Butterfly Woods)
  • Orinda: Maynard P. Buehler House
  • Palo Alto: Paul R. Hanna House (Honeycomb House), Additions & Remodeling
  • Pasadena: Mrs. George M. Millard House (La Miniatura)
  • Redding: Pilgrim Congregational Church
  • San Anselmo: Robert Berger House and Jim Berger Dog House
  • San Francisco: V.C. Morris Gift Shop
  • San Luis Obispo: Dr. Karl Kundert Medical Clinic
  • San Rafael: Marin County Civic Center Administration Building and Hall of Justice, and Marin County U.S. Post Office

Idaho

  • Bliss: Archie Boyd Teater Studio

Oregon

  • Silverton: Conrad E. & Evelyn Gordon House

Washington

  • Issaquah: Ray Brandes House
  • Normandy Park: William B. Tracy House & Garage
  • Tacoma: Chauncey Griggs House

Montana

  • Darby: Como Orchards Summer Colony One-Room Cottage and Three-Room Cottage
  • Whitefish: Lockridge Medical Clinic

Utah

  • Bountiful: Don M Stromquist House

Wyoming

  • Cody: Quintin Blair House

More Wright Buildings

historic black and white photo of cuboidal structures of different sizes, the largest being more of a cube
Imperial Hotel, Tokyo, Japan. Bettmann/Getty Images (cropped)

In determining which buildings are authentic Wright structures, a definitive source of information can be found in the catalogs compiled by Frank Lloyd Wright scholar William Allin Storrer. Storrer's website, FLW Update, posts updates and announcements of new information about Frank Lloyd Wright buildings.

Notable Designs

Wright did not build exclusively in contiguous United States. Although there are no known buildings in Alaska, a hemicycle design Wright created for a Pennsylvania family in 1954 was built in 1995 near Waimea in Hawaii. It is used as a vacation rental. Wright is known to have designed site-specific homes: Pennsylvania is a long way from Hawaii, but his plans were often reused.

In London, the office of Fallingwater's owner, Edgar J. Kaufmann Sr. is part of the collection at the Victoria & Albert Museum. In Ontario, Canada is the summer cottage Wright designed for Chicago businessman E.H. Pitkin, whose land was on Sapper Island, Desbarats.

Japanese Influence

Most notable, however, is Wright's work in Japan—an experience that influenced his designs all of his life. The Yamamura House (1918) near Ashiya is the only original Wright building left standing in Japan. In Tokyo, the Aisaku Hayashi House (1917) was Wright's first residence built outside the U.S. quickly followed by the Jiyu Gakuen Girls' School (1921). These smaller projects were built while Wright's iconic Imperial Hotel was being designed and constructed in Tokyo (1912-1922). Although the hotel survived countless earthquakes, in part because of its floating foundation, developers tore down the building in 1967. All that remains is a reconstruction of the front lobby at Museum Meijimura near Nagoya.

Sources

  • Marin County Civic Center Historical Marker.” Historical Marker, 6 Nov. 2019.
  • Pollock-Galvan, Fredrick. “Emporis.” EMPORIS.
  • Grady Gammage Memorial Auditorium.” Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation.
  • Storrer, William Allin. "The Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright (Second Edition)." MIT Press, 1978.
  • Wright, Frank Lloyd. "The Future of Architecture by Frank Lloyd Wright." New American Library, Horizon Press, 1953, pp. 21, 41, 59.