Languages › French Conjugating Avancer in French Share Flipboard Email Print French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Team Updated November 04, 2019 Looking at the French verb avancer, one can quickly guess that it means "to advance." It needs to be conjugated to take on the meanings of "advanced" or "advancing" and this is relatively easy. Yet, there is a slight change in the spelling that you'll need to know about and this lesson will explain why and how to do it. The Spelling Changes of Avancer Conjugations Avancer is a spelling change verb and it is conjugated in the same manner as other verbs that end with -cer. This includes words like annoncer (to announce) and agacer (to annoy). The change in spelling is not significant, though it does serve an important function. Typically, when we take a verb into, for instance, the nous present tense, we would replace -er with -ons. When the letter 'C' appears before an 'O' or an 'A,' it is pronounced with a hard 'C' sound, as in "can't." This doesn't work for -cer verbs because we want a soft 'C' sound, which is why the cedilla 'ç' is used. While the 'C' sound remains the same in all conjugations of avancer, the spelling does not. This can catch some French students by surprise, so you need to watch your -cer endings. How to Conjugate Avancer Now that you know about that little issue, conjugating avancer is relatively easy because it is similar to regular -er verb endings. All you need to do is match the subject pronoun with the present, future, or past (imperfect) tense, and you're good to go. As an example, "I advance" is "j'avance" and "we will advance" is "nous avancerons." Subject Present Future Imperfect j' avance avancerai avançais tu avances avanceras avançais il avance avancera avançait nous avançons avancerons avancions vous avancez avancerez avanciez ils avancent avanceront avançaient Avancer's Present Participle The present participle of avancer is avançant. Again, notice how the cedilla is placed before the -ant ending to ensure the soft 'C' pronunciation. The Passé Composé of Avancer To form a common past tense of avancer known as passé composé, we need a couple of elements. First, you must conjugate avoir, the auxiliary verb associated with avancer. Then, you will add the past participle of avancé. As an example, "I advanced" is "j'ai avancé" and "we advanced" is "nous avons avancé." Notice how the ai and avons are conjugates of avoir, though the past participle remains the same with either (and all) subjects. More Conjugations for Avancer In the beginning of your French studies, concentrate on the present, future, and past tenses of avancer. As you begin to read and speak more fluently, you'll likely come across and use these other conjugations. The subjunctive and conditional are relatively common and each implies a certain amount of ambiguity to the action of the verb. In contrast, the passé simple and imperfect subjunctive are found primarily in formal writing and are, therefore, rather rare. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive j' avance avancerais avançai avançasse tu avances avancerais avanças avançasses il avance avancerait avança avançât nous avancions avancerions avançâmes avançassions vous avanciez avanceriez avançâtes avançassiez ils avancent avanceraient avancèrent avançassent There is one last simple conjugation that you should know about. This is the imperative verb form and it's used in short and often direct commands and requests. When using it, there is no need to include the subject pronoun. Simplify "tu avance" to "avance" and you have the correct imperative. Imperative (tu) avance (nous) avançons (vous) avancez Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Team, ThoughtCo. "Conjugating Avancer in French." ThoughtCo, Sep. 2, 2021, thoughtco.com/avancer-to-advance-1369856. Team, ThoughtCo. (2021, September 2). Conjugating Avancer in French. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/avancer-to-advance-1369856 Team, ThoughtCo. "Conjugating Avancer in French." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/avancer-to-advance-1369856 (accessed October 24, 2021). copy citation How to Conjugate "Annoncer" (to Announce) How to Conjugate "Lancer" (to Throw) in French How to Conjugate "Agacer" (to Annoy) How to Conjugate "Bouger" (to Move) How to Conjugate "Influencer" (to Influence) in French How to Conjugate "Diriger" (to Direct) Learn How to Conjugate "Placer" (to Place) in French How to Conjugate "Déranger" (to Disturb) How to Conjugate "Décevoir" (to Disappoint) in French How to Conjugate "Cesser" (to Stop, Cease) in French How to Conjugate "Attraper" (to Catch, to Pick Up) How to Conjugate "Protéger" (to Protect) in French How to Conjugate "Comporter" (to Consist of, Include, Comprise) Simple Conjugations of "Partager" (to Share) -CER Verbs - French Spelling Change Verbs How to Conjugate the French Verb "Nettoyer"