Aztec Gods and Goddesses

Some of the major Aztec gods and goddesses

Aztec Jade Skirt Goddess Chalchiuhtlicue 1200-1521
Photo of the Aztec Jade Skirt Goddess Chalchiuhtlicue 1200-1521 from the Minneapolis Institute of Arts. N.S. Gill


Huitzilopochtli was the Aztec god of the obsidian knife who sprang forth from his mother's belly to kill his siblings.


Quetzalcoatl was the Aztec creator god and god of the wind who was depicted as a bearded old man.


Tezcatlipoca - The Mirror That Smokes
Anxiety and trouble follow in his wake. He is also known as Titlacahuan, "He Whose Slaves We Are." He was the warrior god of the north and the god of sin and misery with an obsidian knife.
In Toltec mythology he was the adversary of his brother Quetzalcoatl.


Also known as Mixcoatl-Camaxtli
One of the four creator gods, Camaxtli is a god of war and hunting.


Jade Skirt
Goddess of lakes and streams and personification of youthful beauty. She caused the great flood. Chalchiuhtlicue is married to the god of rain, Tlaloc.


Tlaloc - He who makes things grow
Known to the Olmec as "Epcoatl", meaning Seashell Serpent; to the Maya as Chac; to the Totonacs as Tajin; to the Mixtecs as Tzahui; to the Zapotecs as Cocijo. A water god and probably among the oldest gods. Benevolent, he would release floods and lightning when angered.

Xipe Totec

Xipe Totec - Our Lord of the Flayed One
God of suffering and diseases and goldsmiths. His worship required the flaying of a slave and the wearing of his skin.


Flower Quetzal-or Plumage
Patroness of erotic love, maize, vegetation, artistry, and prostitutes.
She is said to have been taken to the Underworld by Xolotl and to have eaten forbidden fruit.


Flower Prince (also known as Macuilxochitl, five flowers)
The twin of Xochiquetzal, Xochipilli is a god of flowers, maize, love, games, song, and dance.

Other Gods and Goddesses

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Your Citation
Gill, N.S. "Aztec Gods and Goddesses." ThoughtCo, Dec. 16, 2014, Gill, N.S. (2014, December 16). Aztec Gods and Goddesses. Retrieved from Gill, N.S. "Aztec Gods and Goddesses." ThoughtCo. (accessed September 20, 2017).