The Basic Chemical Elements in German and English

Collage of the Periodic Table of Elements.
Getty Images/Dan Sipple

To date, scientists have discovered 112 basic chemical elements. These Grundstoffe or Elemente are the chemical matter that cannot be broken down any further by chemical means.

The following chart lists each element in alphabetical order (by the German name, which is usually similar to the English. The number under the chemical symbol (chemisches Zeichen) is the atomic number or Protonenzahl/Ordnungszahl. The column on the far right also lists the Entdecker (discoverer) and the year (Jahr) of discovery.

Genders: All but six element names in German are neuter (das), including the many elements that end in -ium, -en or -on. Only der Phosphorder Schwefel (sulphur) and the four elements ending with -stoff are masculine (e.g., der Wasserstoff = hydrogen).

Also see information about the Periodic Table further down on this page.

Chemische Elemente - Chemical Elements

DEUTSCH ENGLISH Sign
Nr.
Entdecker/Jahr
Actinium actinium Ac
89
Debierne, Giesel 1899
Aluminium aluminum (Am.)
aluminium (Br.)
Al
13
Oersted 1825
Americium americium Am
95
Seaborg, James, Morgan 1945
Antimon antimony Sb
51
since ancient times
Argon argon Ar
18
Rayleigh, Ramsay 1895
Arsen arsenic As
33
since ancient times
Astat astatine At
85
Corson, Mackenzie, Segré 1940
Barium barium Ba
56
Davy 1808
Berkelium berkelium Bk
97
Seaborg, Thomson, Ghiorso 1949
Beryllium beryllium Be
83
Vauquelin 1798
Bismut
Wismut
bismuth Bi
83
15th century
Blei lead Pb
82
since ancient times
Bohrium bohrium Bh
107
Russian scientists 1976
Bor boron B
5
Gay-Lussac, Thénard 1808
Brom bromine Br
35
Balard 1825
Cadmium cadmium Cd
48
Stromeyer 1817
Calcium
Kalzium
calcium Ca
20
Davy 1808
Californium californium Cf
98
Seaborg, Thomson, et al 1950
Cäsium caesium (Br.)
cesium (Am.)
Cs
55
Bunsen, Kirchhoff 1860
Cer cerium Ce
58
Klaproth 1803
Chlor chlorine Cl
17
Scheele 1774
Chrom chromium
chrome
Cr
24
Vauquelin 1797
Cobalt
Kobalt
cobalt Co
27
Brandt 1735
Curium curium Cm
96
Seaborg, James, Ghiorso 1944
Dubnium dubnium Db
105
USA 1970
Dysprosium dysprosium Dy
66
Lecoq de Boisbaudran 1886

Das Periodensystem der Elemente (PSE)

Die systematische Anordnung der chemischen Elemente nach ihrerer Ordnungs- oder Kernladungszahl. - The periodic system or periodic law for chemical elements was first developed in 1869 by the Russian Dmitri I. Mendeléyev (1834-1907). The German chemist J. Lothar Meyer (1830-1895) independently developed a similar system around the same time. The element mendelevium—atomic weight 101, discovered in 1955—is named for Mendeléyev.

Chemische Elemente: E-K

DEUTSCH ENGLISH Sign
Nr.
Entdecker/Jahr
Einsteinium einsteinium Es
99
Thomson, Ghiorso, et al 1954
Eisen iron Fe
26
since ancient times
Element 110
Eka-Platin
eka-platinum Uun
110
Soc. for Heavy Ion Research 1994
Element 111
Unununium
unununium Uuu
111
Soc. for Heavy Ion Research 1994
Element 112
Eka-Quecksilber
eka-mercury Uub
112
Soc. for Heavy Ion Research 1996
Erbium erbium Er
68
Mosander 1843
Europium europium Eu
63
Demarcay 1896
Fermium fermium Fm
100
Thomson, Ghiorso, et al 1954
Fluor fluorine F
9
Moissan 1886
Francium francium Fr
87
Perey 1939
Gadolinium gadolinium Gd
64
Marignac 1880
Gallium gallium Ga
31
Lecoq de Boisbaudran 1875
Germanium germanium Ge
32
Winkler 1886
Gold gold Au
79
since ancient times
Hafnium hafnium Hf
72
Coster, de Hevesy 1923
Hassium hassium Hs
108
Soc. for Heavy Ion Research 1984
Helium helium He
2
Ramsay 1895
Holmium holmium Ho
67
Cleve 1879
Indium indium In
49
Reich, Richter 1863
Iod/Jod iodine I
53
Courtois 1811
Iridium iridium In
77
Tennant 1804
Kalium potassium K
19
Davy 1800s
der Kohlenstoff carbon C
6
since ancient times
Krypton krypton Kr
36
Ramsay, Travers 1898
Kupfer copper Cu
29
since ancient times

Chemische Elemente: L-Q

DEUTSCH ENGLISH Sign
Nr.
Entdecker/Jahr
Lanthan lanthanum La
57
Mosander 1839
Lawrencium lawrencium Lr
103
USA 1961
Lithium lithium Li
3
Arfvedson 1817
Lutetium lutecium Lu
71
Urbain, Auer von Welsbach 1907
Magnesium magnesium Mg
12
Davy, Bussy 1831
Mangan manganese Mn
25
Gahn 1774
Meitnerium meitnerium Mt
109
Soc. for Heavy Ion Research 1982
Mendelevium mendelevium Md
101
Thomson, Ghiorso, et al 1955
Molybdän molybdenum Mo
42
Hjelm 1790
Natrium sodium Na
11
Davy 1807
Neodym neodymium Nd
60
Auer von Welsbach 1885
Neon neon Ne
10
Ramsay 1898
Neptunium neptunium Np
93
McMillan, Abelson 1940
Nickel nickel Ni
28
Cronstedt 1751
Niobium
Niob
niobium Nb
41
Hatchett 1801
Nobelium nobelium No
102
Nobel Inst. Stockholm 1957
Osmium osmium Os
76
Tennant 1804
Palladium palladium Pd
46
Wollaston 1803
der Phosphor phosphorus P
15
Brand 1669
Platin platinum Pt
78
De Ulloa 1735
Plutonium plutonium Pu
94
Seaborg, McMillan, et al 1940
Polonium polonium Po
84
M. Curie 1898
Praseodym praseodymium Pr
59
Auer von Welsbach 1885
Promethium promethium Pm
61
Marinsky, Coryell 1945
Protactinium protactinium Pa
91
Hahn, Meitner 1917
Quecksilber mercury Hg
80
since ancient times

Chemische Elemente: R-Z

DEUTSCH ENGLISH Sign
Nr.
Entdecker/Jahr
Radium radium Ra
88
M. Curie 1898
Radon radon Rn
86
Dorn 1900
Rhenium rhenium Re
75
Noddack, Berg 1925
Rhodium rhodium Rh
45
Wallaston 1804
Rubidium rubidium Rb
37
Bunsen 1860
Ruthenium ruthenium Ru
44
Claus 1844
Rutherfordium rutherfordium Rf
104
Russia 1964
Samarium samarium Sm
62
Lecoq de Boisbaudran 1879
der Sauerstoff oxygen O
8
Scheele 1771, Priestley 1774
Scandium scandium Sc
21
Nilson 1879
der Schwefel sulphur S
16
since ancient times
Seaborgium seaborgium Sg
106
USSR 1974
Selen selenium Se
34
Berzelius 1817
Silber silver Ag
47
since ancient times
Silicium
Silizium
silicon Si
14
Berzelius 1823
der Stickstoff nitrogen N
7
Scheele, Rutherford 1770
Strontium strontium Sr
38
Crawford 1790, Davy 1808
Tantal tantalum Ta
73
Rose 1846
Technetium technetium Tc
43
Segré, Perrier 1937
Tellur tellurium Te
52
De Ulloa 1735
Terbium terbium Tb
65
Mosander 1843
Thallium thallium Tl
81
Crookes 1861
Thorium thorium Th
90
Berzelius 1828
Thulium thulium Tm
69
Cleve 1879
Titan titanium Ti
22
Klaproth 1795
Unununium unununium Uuu
111
1994 - See note below
Unununbium
Eka-Quecksilber
unununbium
eka-mercury
Uub
112
1994 - See note above
Uran uranium U
92
Klaproth 1789
Vanadium vanadium V
23
Sefstrom 1831
der Wasserstoff hydrogen H
1
Boyle, Cavendish 1766
Wolfram tungsten
wolfram
W
74
de Elhuyar 1783
Xenon xenon Xe
54
Ramsay, Travers 1898
Ytterbium ytterbium Yb
70
Marignac 1878
Yttrium yttrium Y
39
Mosander 1843
Zink zinc Zn
74
1600s
Zinn tin Sn
54
since ancient times
Zirkonium zirconium Zr
40
Berzelius 1824