The Basic Chemical Elements in German and English

Collage of the Periodic Table of Elements.
Collage of the Periodic Table of Elements. Getty Images/Dan Sipple

To date, scientists have discovered 112 basic chemical elements. These Grundstoffe or Elemente are the chemical matter that cannot be broken down any further by chemical means.

The following chart lists each element in alphabetical order (by the German name, which is usually similar to the English. The number under the chemical symbol (chemisches Zeichen) is the atomic number or Protonenzahl/Ordnungszahl.

The column on the far right also lists the Entdecker (discoverer) and the year (Jahr) of discovery.

Genders: All but six element names in German are neuter (das), including the many elements that end in -ium, -en or -on. Only der Phosphorder Schwefel (sulphur) and the four elements ending with -stoff are masculine (e.g., der Wasserstoff = hydrogen).

Also see information about the Periodic Table further down on this page.

Chemische Elemente - Chemical Elements
DEUTSCHENGLISHSign
Nr.
Entdecker/Jahr
ActiniumactiniumAc
89
Debierne, Giesel 1899
Aluminiumaluminum (Am.)
aluminium (Br.)
Al
13
Oersted 1825
AmericiumamericiumAm
95
Seaborg, James, Morgan 1945
AntimonantimonySb
51
since ancient times
ArgonargonAr
18
Rayleigh, Ramsay 1895
ArsenarsenicAs
33
since ancient times
AstatastatineAt
85
Corson, Mackenzie, Segré 1940
BariumbariumBa
56
Davy 1808
BerkeliumberkeliumBk
97
Seaborg, Thomson, Ghiorso 1949
BerylliumberylliumBe
83
Vauquelin 1798
Bismut
Wismut
bismuthBi
83
15th century
BleileadPb
82
since ancient times
BohriumbohriumBh
107
Russian scientists 1976
BorboronB
5
Gay-Lussac, Thénard 1808
BrombromineBr
35
Balard 1825
CadmiumcadmiumCd
48
Stromeyer 1817
Calcium
Kalzium
calciumCa
20
Davy 1808
CaliforniumcaliforniumCf
98
Seaborg, Thomson, et al 1950
Cäsiumcaesium (Br.)
cesium (Am.)
Cs
55
Bunsen, Kirchhoff 1860
CerceriumCe
58
Klaproth 1803
ChlorchlorineCl
17
Scheele 1774
Chromchromium
chrome
Cr
24
Vauquelin 1797
Cobalt
Kobalt
cobaltCo
27
Brandt 1735
CuriumcuriumCm
96
Seaborg, James, Ghiorso 1944
DubniumdubniumDb
105
USA 1970
DysprosiumdysprosiumDy
66
Lecoq de Boisbaudran 1886
 
 

Das Periodensystem der Elemente (PSE)

Die systematische Anordnung der chemischen Elemente nach ihrerer Ordnungs- oder Kernladungszahl. - The periodic system or periodic law for chemical elements was first developed in 1869 by the Russian Dmitri I. Mendeléyev (1834-1907). The German chemist J. Lothar Meyer (1830-1895) independently developed a similar system around the same time.

The element mendelevium—atomic weight 101, discovered in 1955—is named for Mendeléyev.

Chemische Elemente: E-K
DEUTSCHENGLISHSign
Nr.
Entdecker/Jahr
EinsteiniumeinsteiniumEs
99
Thomson, Ghiorso, et al 1954
EisenironFe
26
since ancient times
Element 110
Eka-Platin
eka-platinumUun
110
Soc. for Heavy Ion Research 1994
Element 111
Unununium
unununiumUuu
111
Soc. for Heavy Ion Research 1994
NOTE: It has been proposed that element number 111 be named Roentgenium (Rg) in honor of the German scientist Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, who discovered x-rays in 1895. This synthetic element has the temporary "placeholder" symbol Uuu (unununium, Latin for 1,1,1).
Element 112
Eka-Quecksilber
eka-mercuryUub
112
Soc. for Heavy Ion Research 1996
ErbiumerbiumEr
68
Mosander 1843
EuropiumeuropiumEu
63
Demarcay 1896
FermiumfermiumFm
100
Thomson, Ghiorso, et al 1954
FluorfluorineF
9
Moissan 1886
FranciumfranciumFr
87
Perey 1939
GadoliniumgadoliniumGd
64
Marignac 1880
GalliumgalliumGa
31
Lecoq de Boisbaudran 1875
GermaniumgermaniumGe
32
Winkler 1886
GoldgoldAu
79
since ancient times
HafniumhafniumHf
72
Coster, de Hevesy 1923
HassiumhassiumHs
108
Soc. for Heavy Ion Research 1984
HeliumheliumHe
2
Ramsay 1895
HolmiumholmiumHo
67
Cleve 1879
IndiumindiumIn
49
Reich, Richter 1863
Iod/JodiodineI
53
Courtois 1811
IridiumiridiumIn
77
Tennant 1804
KaliumpotassiumK
19
Davy 1800s
der KohlenstoffcarbonC
6
since ancient times
KryptonkryptonKr
36
Ramsay, Travers 1898
KupfercopperCu
29
since ancient times
  
 

 

Chemische Elemente: L-Q
DEUTSCHENGLISHSign
Nr.
Entdecker/Jahr
LanthanlanthanumLa
57
Mosander 1839
LawrenciumlawrenciumLr
103
USA 1961
LithiumlithiumLi
3
Arfvedson 1817
LutetiumluteciumLu
71
Urbain, Auer von Welsbach 1907
MagnesiummagnesiumMg
12
Davy, Bussy 1831
ManganmanganeseMn
25
Gahn 1774
MeitneriummeitneriumMt
109
Soc. for Heavy Ion Research 1982
NOTE: Meitnerium was named in honor of the Austrian physicist Lise Meitner (1878-1968), the first woman to get a doctorate in physics from the Univ. of Vienna (1906). Meitner did important work in the area of beta and gamma radiation, plus nuclear fission.
MendeleviummendeleviumMd
101
Thomson, Ghiorso, et al 1955
MolybdänmolybdenumMo
42
Hjelm 1790
NatriumsodiumNa
11
Davy 1807
NeodymneodymiumNd
60
Auer von Welsbach 1885
NeonneonNe
10
Ramsay 1898
NeptuniumneptuniumNp
93
McMillan, Abelson 1940
NickelnickelNi
28
Cronstedt 1751
Niobium
Niob
niobiumNb
41
Hatchett 1801
NobeliumnobeliumNo
102
Nobel Inst. Stockholm 1957
OsmiumosmiumOs
76
Tennant 1804
PalladiumpalladiumPd
46
Wollaston 1803
der PhosphorphosphorusP
15
Brand 1669
PlatinplatinumPt
78
De Ulloa 1735
PlutoniumplutoniumPu
94
Seaborg, McMillan, et al 1940
PoloniumpoloniumPo
84
M. Curie 1898
PraseodympraseodymiumPr
59
Auer von Welsbach 1885
PromethiumpromethiumPm
61
Marinsky, Coryell 1945
ProtactiniumprotactiniumPa
91
Hahn, Meitner 1917
QuecksilbermercuryHg
80
since ancient times
  
 
Chemische Elemente: R-Z
DEUTSCHENGLISHSign
Nr.
Entdecker/Jahr
RadiumradiumRa
88
M. Curie 1898
RadonradonRn
86
Dorn 1900
RheniumrheniumRe
75
Noddack, Berg 1925
RhodiumrhodiumRh
45
Wallaston 1804
RubidiumrubidiumRb
37
Bunsen 1860
RutheniumrutheniumRu
44
Claus 1844
RutherfordiumrutherfordiumRf
104
Russia 1964
SamariumsamariumSm
62
Lecoq de Boisbaudran 1879
der SauerstoffoxygenO
8
Scheele 1771, Priestley 1774
ScandiumscandiumSc
21
Nilson 1879
der SchwefelsulphurS
16
since ancient times
SeaborgiumseaborgiumSg
106
USSR 1974
SelenseleniumSe
34
Berzelius 1817
SilbersilverAg
47
since ancient times
Silicium
Silizium
siliconSi
14
Berzelius 1823
der StickstoffnitrogenN
7
Scheele, Rutherford 1770
StrontiumstrontiumSr
38
Crawford 1790, Davy 1808
TantaltantalumTa
73
Rose 1846
TechnetiumtechnetiumTc
43
Segré, Perrier 1937
TellurtelluriumTe
52
De Ulloa 1735
TerbiumterbiumTb
65
Mosander 1843
ThalliumthalliumTl
81
Crookes 1861
ThoriumthoriumTh
90
Berzelius 1828
ThuliumthuliumTm
69
Cleve 1879
TitantitaniumTi
22
Klaproth 1795
UnununiumunununiumUuu
111
1994 - See note below
NOTE: It has been proposed that element number 111, discovered in 1994, be named Roentgenium (Rg) in honor of the German scientist Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, who discovered x-rays in 1895. This synthetic element has the temporary "placeholder" symbol Uuu (unununium, Latin for 1,1,1).
Unununbium
Eka-Quecksilber
unununbium
eka-mercury
Uub
112
1994 - See note above
UranuraniumU
92
Klaproth 1789
VanadiumvanadiumV
23
Sefstrom 1831
der WasserstoffhydrogenH
1
Boyle, Cavendish 1766
Wolframtungsten
wolfram
W
74
de Elhuyar 1783
XenonxenonXe
54
Ramsay, Travers 1898
YtterbiumytterbiumYb
70
Marignac 1878
YttriumyttriumY
39
Mosander 1843
ZinkzincZn
74
1600s
ZinntinSn
54
since ancient times
ZirkoniumzirconiumZr
40
Berzelius 1824