How to Use French Conjunctions of Conclusion

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The French conjunctions parce que, car, puisque, and comme are commonly used to draw conclusions or otherwise relate a cause or explanation with a result or conclusion. These conjunctions have similar but not identical meanings and uses. 

They fall into the two basic categories of conjunctions; coordinating, which join words or groups of words of equal value; and subordinating, which join dependent clauses to main clauses. Conjunctions of conclusion are one or the other, depending on the conjunction. 

Parce Que > Because

Parce que is a subordinating conjunction and can begin a sentence. Parce que introduces a cause, explanation, or motive. It basically explains why something is done.

Je ne suis pas venu parce que mon fils est malade.
I didn't come because my son is sick.

Parce qu'il n'a pas d'argent, il ne peut pas venir.
Because he doesn't have any money, he can't come.

Car > Because, For

Car is a coordinating conjunction, should not begin a sentence, and is mainly found in formal and written French. Car supports a judgment or indicates a reason.

La réunion fut annulée car le président est malade.
The meeting was canceled because the chairman is sick.

David ne va pas venir, car il est à l'université.
David isn't coming, for he is (away) at school.

Puisque > Since, Because

Puisque is a subordinating conjunction and can begin a sentence. Puisque gives an obvious explanation or justification, rather than a cause.

Tu peux partir puisque tu es malade.
You can leave, since you're sick.

Puisque c'était son erreur, il m'a aidé.
Since it was his mistake, he helped me.

Comme > As, Since

Comme is a subordinating conjunction and usually begins a sentence. Comme highlights the link between a consequence and its result.

Comme je lis le plus vite, j'ai déjà fini.
Since I read the fastest, I've already finished.

Comme il est faible, il ne pouvait pas le lever.
Since he is weak, he couldn't lift it.

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Team, ThoughtCo. "How to Use French Conjunctions of Conclusion." ThoughtCo, Apr. 5, 2023, Team, ThoughtCo. (2023, April 5). How to Use French Conjunctions of Conclusion. Retrieved from Team, ThoughtCo. "How to Use French Conjunctions of Conclusion." ThoughtCo. (accessed May 30, 2023).