Languages › German Beginner German: Hear and Learn Words for Family Members Share Flipboard Email Print History & Culture Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Grammar by Hyde Flippo Hyde Flippo taught the German language for 28 years at high school and college levels and published several books on the German language and culture. Updated February 03, 2019 In this lesson, we introduce vocabulary and grammar related to talking about your family and yourself. You'll learn words and phrases that will let you talk about your own family in German, as well as understand what someone else says about his or her family. You can also listen to the vocabulary! In addition to the members of a family (die Familie, dee fah-MILL-yah), you'll learn how to ask someone's name (and answer), talk about family relationships and give the ages of people. We will also discuss the difference between the formal and informal "you" in German - a vital cultural and language distinction that English-speakers need to understand! Cognates One of the first things you'll notice is that many of the German words for the family are similar to the English terms. It is easy to see the close Germanic language "family resemblance" between brother/Bruder, father/Vater, or daughter/Tochter. We call these similar words in two languages cognates. There are a lot of English-German cognates for the family. Others are familiar because of common Latin or French origins: family/Familie, uncle/Onkel, etc. After you have studied this lesson, you will be able to read and understand a short paragraph in German about your or someone else's family. You'll even be able to draw your own family tree (Stammbaum) in German! AUDIO: Click on the German phrases linked below to hear them. Familienmitglieder - Family Members Notice in the phrases below that when you talk about a feminine (die) person (or thing), the possessive pronoun mein ends in e. When talking about a masculine (der) person (or thing), mein has no ending in the nominative (subject) case. Other possessive forms (sein, his; dein, your, etc.) work the same way. The final e in German is always pronounced: (meine = MINE-ah) Deutsch English die Mutter - meine Mutter mother - my mother der Vater - mein Vater father - my father die Eltern - meine Eltern (pl.) parents - my parents der Sohn - sein Sohn son - his son die Tochter - seine Tochter daughter - his daughter der Bruder - ihr Bruder brother - her brother die Schwester - seine Schwester sister - his sister AUDIO (mp3 or wav) for These Words die Geschwister - meine Geschwister (pl.) siblings / brothers & sisters - my brothers and sisters die Großmutter - meine Großmutter grandmother - my grandmother die Oma - meine Oma grandma/granny - my grandma der Großvater - dein Großvater grandfather - your grandfather der Opa - sein Opa grandpa/gramps - his grandpa der Enkelsohn - mein Enkelsohn grandson - my grandson die Enkelin - seine Enkelin granddaughter - his granddaughter More family words in the German Family Glossary. Continue Reading Learn How to Ask a German Friend About Their Family A Lesson In German, All About Housing Here Are Learning Tips for Those Beginning German Take a Crack at This Guide to German Pronunciation for Beginners Can You Ask for Directions in German? What Do You Call Family Members in German? What Are Some Mistakes New German Speakers Make? Do You Know How to Talk About Jobs in German? Learning The German Terms For Parts of the Body How to Say the Months, Dates, Seasons, and Days in German A Look at More Vocabulary for Learning German How to Say I Love You and Other Romantic Phrases in German How to Write a Letter in German Translating the Three Main Words in German That Can Mean "People" Learn How to Use Comparison Adjectives and Adverbs in German The Meaning and Common Uses of the German Preposition "Bei"