Biology Prefixes and Suffixes: arthr- or arthro-

Arthritis X-ray
Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. This colored X-ray shows the hands of an 81 year old female patient with rheumatoid arthritis. Credit: Science Photo Library/Getty Images

Biology Prefixes and Suffixes: arthr- or arthro-


The prefix (arthr- or arthro-) means a joint or any junction between two different parts.


Arthralgia (arthr-algia) - pain of the joints.

Arthrectomy (arthr-ectomy) - surgical excision (cutting out) of a joint.

Arthrempyesis (arthr-empyesis) - formation of pus in a joint.

Arthresthesia (arthr-esthesia) - sensation in the joints.

Arthritis (arthr-itis) - inflammation of the joints.

Arthroderm (arthro-derm) - the outer covering of an arthropod.

Arthrogram (arthro-gram) - X-ray used to examine the interior of a joint.

Arthrogryposis (arthro-gryp-osis) - congenital joint disorder in which a joint or joints lack the normal range of motion and may be stuck in one position.

Arthrolysis (arthro-lysis) - type of surgery performed to repair stiff joints.

Arthromere (arthro-mere) - any of the body segments of an arthropod.

Arthrometer (arthro-meter) - instrument used to measure the range of motion in a joint.

Arthropod (arthro-pod) - animals of the phylum Arthropoda that have a jointed exoskeleton and jointed legs. Among these animals are spiders, lobsters, ticks and other insects.

Arthropathy (arthro-pathy) - any disease affecting the joints.

Arthrosclerosis (arthro-scler-osis) - a condition characterized by hardening or stiffening of the joints.

Arthroscope (arthro-scope) - an endoscope used for examining the inside of a joint.

Arthrosis (arthr-osis) - degenerative joint disease.

Arthrospore (arthro-spore) - fungal cell resembling a spore that is produced by segmentation of the hyphae.

Arthrotomy (arthr-otomy) - incision made in a joint.