Biology Prefixes and Suffixes: arthr- or arthro-

Arthritis X-ray
Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. This colored X-ray shows the hands of an 81 year old female patient with rheumatoid arthritis. Credit: Science Photo Library/Getty Images

The prefix (arthr- or arthro-) means a joint or any junction between two different parts. Arthritis is a condition characterized by joint inflammation.

Words Beginning With:(arthr- or arthro-)

Arthralgia (arthr-algia): pain of the joints. It is a symptom rather than a disease and can result from injury, allergic reaction, infection, or disease. Arthralgia occurs commonly in the joints of the hands, knees, and ankles.

Arthrectomy (arthr-ectomy): the surgical excision (cutting out) of a joint.

Arthrempyesis (arthr-empyesis): formation of pus in a joint. It is also known as arthropyosis and occurs when the immune system has difficulty eliminating the source of infection or inflammation.

Arthresthesia (arthr-esthesia): sensation in the joints.

Arthritis (arthr-itis): inflammation of the joints. Symptoms of arthritis include pain, swelling, and joint stiffness. Types of arthritis include gout and rheumatoid arthritis. Lupus can also cause inflammation in joints as well as in a variety of different organs.

Arthroderm (arthro-derm): the outer covering, shell, or exoskeleton of an arthropod. An arthroderm has a number of joints attached to muscle allowing for movement and flexibility.

Arthrogram (arthro-gram): X-ray, fluoroscopy, or MRI used to examine the interior of a joint. An arthrogram is used to diagnose problems such as tears in joint tissues.

Arthrogryposis (arthro-gryp-osis): a congenital joint disorder in which a joint or joints lack the normal range of motion and may be stuck in one position.

Arthrolysis (arthro-lysis): a type of surgery performed to repair stiff joints. Arthrolysis involves the loosening of joints that have become stiff due to injury or as a result of a disease such as osteoarthritis.

As (arthro-) refers to a joint, (-lysis) means to split, cut, loosen, or untie.

Arthromere (arthro-mere): any of the body segments of an arthropod or animal with jointed limbs.

Arthrometer (arthro-meter): an instrument used to measure the range of motion in a joint.

Arthropod (arthro-pod): animals of the phylum Arthropoda that have a jointed exoskeleton and jointed legs. Among these animals are spiders, lobsters, ticks and other insects.

Arthropathy (arthro-pathy): any disease affecting the joints. Such diseases include arthritis and gout. Facet arthropathy occurs in the joints of the spine, enteropathic arthropathy occurs in the colon, and neuropathic arthropathy results from nerve damage associated with diabetes.

Arthrosclerosis (arthro-scler-osis): a condition characterized by hardening or stiffening of the joints. As we age, joints may hardened and become stiff affecting joint stability and flexibility.

Arthroscope (arthro-scope): an endoscope used for examining the inside of a joint. This instrument consists of a thin, narrow tube attached to a fiber optic camera that is inserted into a small incision near a joint.

Arthrosis (arthr-osis): a degenerative joint disease commonly caused by deterioration of the cartilage around a joint.

This condition affects people as they age.

Arthrospore (arthro-spore): a fungal or algal cell resembling a spore that is produced by segmentation or breaking of the hyphae. These asexual cells are not true spores and similar cells are produced by some bacteria.

Arthrotomy (arthr-otomy): a surgical procedure in which an incision is made in a joint for the purpose of examining and repairing it.

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Bailey, Regina. "Biology Prefixes and Suffixes: arthr- or arthro-." ThoughtCo, Oct. 27, 2017, thoughtco.com/biology-prefixes-and-suffixes-arthr-or-arthro-373636. Bailey, Regina. (2017, October 27). Biology Prefixes and Suffixes: arthr- or arthro-. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/biology-prefixes-and-suffixes-arthr-or-arthro-373636 Bailey, Regina. "Biology Prefixes and Suffixes: arthr- or arthro-." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/biology-prefixes-and-suffixes-arthr-or-arthro-373636 (accessed November 24, 2017).