Science, Tech, Math › Science Biology Prefixes and Suffixes: haplo- Share Flipboard Email Print Male and female gametes are haploid cells containing a single set of chromosomes. Oliver Cleve / Photographer's Choice / Getty Images Science Biology Basics Cell Biology Genetics Organisms Anatomy Physiology Botany Ecology Chemistry Physics Geology Astronomy Weather & Climate By Regina Bailey Biology Expert B.A., Biology, Emory University A.S., Nursing, Chattahoochee Technical College Regina Bailey is a board-certified registered nurse, science writer and educator. Her work has been featured in "Kaplan AP Biology" and "The Internet for Cellular and Molecular Biologists." our editorial process Regina Bailey Updated February 05, 2020 Biology Prefixes and Suffixes: haplo- Definition: The prefix (haplo-) means single or simple. It is derived from the Greek haplous, which means single, simple, sound or uncompounded. Examples: Haplobiont (haplo - biont) - organisms, such as plants, that exist as either haploid or diploid forms and do not have a life cycle that alternates between a haploid stage and a diploid stage (alternation of generations). Haplodeficiency (haplo - deficiency) - of, relating to, or pertaining to, the state of being haplodeficient. Haplodeficient ( haplo - deficient) - describes a state where a gene is absent in one of a diploid copy. Haplodiploidy (haplo - diploidy) - a type of asexual reproduction, known as arrhenotokous parthenogenesis, in which an unfertilized egg develops into a haploid male and a fertilized egg develops into a diploid female. Haplodiploidy occurs in insects such as bees, wasps and ants. Scientists believe that a type of bacteria found in bark may have contributed to the evolution of haplodiploidy in insects due to their nesting in the bark. Haplodiplontic (haplo - diplontic) - a term that describes the life cycle of an organism that has both a haploid stage or stages as well as a multi-cellular diploid phase or phases. Haplography (haplo - graphy) - the unintentional omission in the recording or writing of one or more similar letters. Haplogroup (haplo - group) - a population of individuals that are genetically linked sharing similar genes inherited from a common ancestor. Haplogroups can correlate with the geographic origin for a particular population and can be traced through the mother's side of the family. The oldest known haplogroups are from Africa. Haploid (haplo - id) - refers to a cell with a single set of chromosomes. Haploid can also refer to the number of chromosomes that are present in sex cells (in egg cells and in sperm cells). Haploidentical (haplo - identical) - possessing the same underlying haplotype. Haplometrosis (haplo - metrosis) - an entomological term that describes an ant colony that was established by just one queen. Haplont (haplo - nt) - organisms, such as fungi and plants, that have a life cycle that alternates between a haploid stage and a diploid stage (alternation of generations). Haplophase (haplo - phase) - the haploid phase in the life cycle of an organism. This phase is typical of the life cycle of some types of plants. Haplopia (haplo - pia) - a type of vision, known as single vision, where objects viewed with two eyes appear as single objects. This is considered normal vision. Haploscope (haplo - scope) - an instrument used to test binocular vision by presenting separate views to each eye so that they may be seen as a single integrated view. A synoptophore is an example of such a device that is used in medical settings. Haplosis (haplo - sis) - the halving of the chromosome number during meiosis that produces haploid cells (cells with a single set of chromosomes). Haplotype (haplo - type) - a combination of genes or alleles that are inherited together from a single parent. haplo- Word Dissection Similar to how biology students perform a live or virtual dissection on a fetal pig, using suffixes and prefixes to 'dissect' unfamiliar words is a key component to having success in the biological sciences. Now that you are familiar with haplo- words, you should be able to 'dissect' other similar biology terms like haplology and haploidies. Additional Biology Prefixes and Suffixes For more information on understanding complex biology terms, see: Biology Word Dissections - Do you know what pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis is? Biology Prefixes and Suffixes: "Cyto-" and "-Cyte" - The prefix cyto- means of or relating to a cell. It is derived from the Greek kytos which means hollow receptacle. Biology Suffix Definition: -otomy, -tomy - The suffix "-otomy," or "-tomy," refers to the act of cutting or making an incision. This word part is derived from the Greek -tomia, which means to cut.Biology Prefixes and Suffixes: proto- - The prefix (proto-) is derived from the Greek prôtos meaning first.Biology Prefixes and Suffixes: staphylo-, staphyl- - The prefix (staphylo- or staphyl-) refers to shapes that resemble clusters, as in a bunch of grapes. Sources Reece, Jane B., and Neil A. Campbell. Campbell Biology. Benjamin Cummings, 2011.