Resources › For Educators Guide to Behavior Intervention Plans (BIPs) A Required Part of an IEP for a Child With Problem Behavior Share Flipboard Email Print For Educators Special Education Applied Behavior Analysis Behavior Management Lesson Plans Math Strategies Reading & Writing Social Skills Inclusion Strategies Individual Education Plans Becoming A Teacher Assessments & Tests Elementary Education Secondary Education Teaching Homeschooling By Jerry Webster Special Education Expert M.Ed., Special Education, West Chester University B.A., Elementary Education, University of Pittsburgh Jerry Webster, M.Ed., has over twenty years of experience teaching in special education classrooms. He holds a post-baccalaureate certificate from Penn State's Educating Individuals with Autism program. our editorial process Jerry Webster Updated June 02, 2017 A BIP or Behavior Intervention Plan describes how teachers, special educators, and other staff will help a child eliminate problem behavior. A BIP is required in an IEP if it is determined in the special considerations section that behavior inhibits academic achievement. 01 of 05 Identify and Name the Problem Behavior The first step in a BIP is to begin the FBA (Functional Behavior Analysis). Even if a Certified Behavior Analyst or Psychologist is going to do the FBA, the teacher will be the person to identify which behaviors most impact a child's progress. It is essential that the teacher describes the behavior in an operational way that will make it easy for the other professionals to complete the FBA. 02 of 05 Complete the FBA The BIP Plan is written once an FBA (Functional Behavioral Analysis) has been prepared. The plan may be written by the teacher, a school psychologist or a behavior specialist. A Functional Behavioral Analysis will identify target behaviors operationally and the antecedent conditions. It will also describe the consequence, which in an FBA is the thing that reinforces the behavior. Read about antecedent behavior consequences under ABC in Special Ed 101. Understanding the consequence will also help choose a replacement behavior. Example: When Jonathon is given math pages with fractions (antecedent), he will bang his head on his desk (behavior). The classroom aide will come and attempt to soothe him, so he doesn't have to do his math page ( consequence: avoidance). 03 of 05 Write the BIP Document Your state or school district may have a form you must use for a Behavior Improvement Plan. It should include: Target behaviorsSpecific, measurable goalsIntervention description and methodStart and frequency of interventionMethod of evaluationPersons responsible for each part of the intervention and evaluationData from evaluation 04 of 05 Take It to the IEP Team The last step is to get your document approved by the IEP team, including the general education teacher, the special education supervisor, the principal, the psychologist, the parents and anyone else who will be involved in implementing the BIP. A wise special educator has been working to involve each of the stakeholders at the beginning of the process. That means phone calls to parents, so the Behavior Improvement Plan is not a big surprise, and so the parent doesn't feel like they and the child are being punished. Heaven help you if you end up at a Manifestation Determination Review (MDR) without a good BIP and rapport with the parent. Also be sure that you keep the general ed teacher in the loop. 05 of 05 Implement the plan Once the meeting is over, it's time to put the plan into place! Be sure that you set a time with all the members of the implementation team to meet briefly and evaluate progress. Be sure to ask the tough questions. What is not working? What needs to be tweaked? Who's collecting the data? How is that working? Be sure you are all on the same page!