BIP - Behavior Intervention Plan

Juan is angry and may soon have an inappropriate behavior. Websterlearning


A BIP, or Behavior Intervention Plan lays out how the IEP team will improve difficult behavior that is inhibiting a child's academic success. If a child can't focus, doesn't complete work, disrupts the classroom and is constantly in trouble, not only does the teacher have a problem, the child has a problem. A Behavior Intervention Plan is a document that describes just how the IEP team will help the child improve his or her behavior.

A BIP is a required part of an IEP (Individual Education Plan) if the behavior box is checked off where in the Special Considerations section where it asks whether communication, vision, hearing, behavior and/or mobility effect academic achievement. If a child's behavior disrupts the classroom and significantly interrupts his or her education, then a BIP is very much in order.

A BIP is generally preceded by an FBA, or Functional Behavior Analysis.  The Functional Behavior Analysis is based on the Behaviorist Anagram, ABC:  Antecedent, Behavior and Consequence.  It requires the observer to first pay attention to the environment in which the behavior occurs as well as the occurances that happen just before the behavior (the antecedent)  a well defined, measurable definition of the behavior, as well as a standard for how you measure it (duration, frequency, latency?) and the Consequence, or outcome and how that consequence reinforces the student.


Usually a special education teacher, a behavior analyst or a school psychologist will perform an FBA and using that information, write a document that describes target behaviors, replacement behaviors or behavioral goals, the procedure for changing or extinguishing the target behaviors, measures for success, and the people who will be responsible for instituting and following through on the BIP.

The BIP Content

A BIP should Include the following:

  • Proactive manipulation of the antecedent:  Can you structure the students learning environment in a way that will eliminate the antecedent.  By making changes in the environment that will eliminate or decrease the things that may trigger a behavior permits you to spend lots of time reinforcing the replacement behavior.  
  • Targeted Behaviors: also known as the Behavior of Interest.  A BIP should narrow the behaviors of interest to a few that may be interrelated, perhaps 3 or 4 or at the most.
  • Reinforcement Plan:  This plan provides a description of the proactive means of supporting replacement or appropriate behavior.  A replacement behavior for calling out would be to raise their hand, and a means of reinforcing (rewarding) that activity would be part of the BIP.  
  • Protocol for Addressing Dangerous or Unacceptable Behavior:  This may be called different things in your district's or state's form, but it should address how to respond to dangerous behavior.   Unacceptable should be defined--it isn't to promote punishment when the teacher, the bus driver or the paraprofessional are angry at t student.   On of the purposes of the BIP is to keep adults away from reactive and counterproductive behaviors of their own, like screaming at the child or punishment. 

    For more, read BIP - A Behavior Intervention Plan How To


    Also Known As:

    • Behavior Plan
    • Behavior Improvement Plan