Bir - Collection of Compostions

Guru Granth Sahib Bir at the Golden Temple, Harmandir Sahib
Guru Granth Sahib Bir at the Golden Temple, Harmandir Sahib. Photo © [Gurumustuk Singh Khalsa]

Definition:

Bir is a common Romanized spelling of Sikhism words with different meanings depending on the original Punjabi or Gurmukhi spelling and pronunciation:

  1. Phonetic spelling Beerr - A collection of compositions, or treatises, bound together in a single volume book. In Sikhism, Bir is a term used for the collection of 3,384 poetic compositions by 43 authors, including seven Sikh gurus, compiled by Guru Arjun Dev and Guru Gobind Singh and bound into a single volume which make up the Sikh holy book of scripture, Siri Guru Granth Sahib.
  2. Phonetic spelling Beer - Brave, gallant, heroic, or valiant brother or posture. In Sikhism, Bir may be part of a name, a term indicating a brother, or refer to a posture involving kneeling in with the left knee upright, while squatting on the right heel. In the Sikh baptism Amrit Sanchar ceremony, the bir posture is assumed by the Khalsa initiate.

Pronunciation: 1.

Bee-rr
2. Beer

Also Known As: Granth

Alternate Spellings: Beer

Examples:

"Meraa pitaa maataa har naam hai har bandhap beeraa ||
My mother and father are the Lor'ds name, the Lord is my kinsmen and brother." SGGS||163

"Beeraa aapan buraa mittaavai ||
The brave heroic warrior is one who eradicates his own evil. SGGS||258

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