<p>The holy book of Islam is called the <a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/quran-2004556" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Quran</a>. It was revealed in the <a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/arabic-language-in-islam-2004035" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">Arabic language</a> to the <a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/the-prophet-muhammad-2004470" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="3">Prophet Muhammad</a> in the 7th century C.E. The Quran was <a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/compilation-of-the-quran-2004545" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="4">compiled during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad</a>, and remains in its original form. The Quran contains 114 chapters of varying length, with interspersed themes describing God&#39;s nature, guidance for daily living, stories from history and their moral messages, inspiration for believers, and warnings for disbelievers.</p><p>Muslims believe <a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/what-does-the-quran-say-about-jesus-2003787" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Jesus</a> to be an honored prophet of God. His native language was Syriac or Aramaic, and the revelation given to Jesus was conveyed and shared among his disciples orally. Muslims believe that Jesus preached to his people about monotheism (the Oneness of God) and how to live a righteous life. The revelation given to Jesus from Allah is known among Muslims as the <i>Injeel</i> (Gospel).</p><p>Muslims believe that Jesus’ pure message has been lost, mixed with others’ interpretations of his life and teachings. The current Bible has an <a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/history-of-the-bible-timeline-700157" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="2">unclear chain of transmission</a>, and no proven authorship. Muslims believe that only the actual words of Jesus were “divinely inspired,&#34; yet they have not been preserved in writing.</p>The Quran mentions that revelation was given to the Prophet Dawud (David): &#34;... and We preferred some of the prophets above others, and to David We gave the Psalms&#34; (17:55). Not much is known about this revelation, but Muslim tradition confirms that the Psalms were recited much like poetry or hymns. The Arabic word &#34;zabur&#34; comes from a root word meaning song or music. Muslims believe that all of Allah&#39;s prophets brought essentially the same message, so it is understood that the Psalms also contain praises of God, teachings about monotheism, and guidance for righteous living.The <i>Tawrat</i> (Torah) was given to the Prophet Musa (Moses). Like all revelation, it included teachings about monotheism, righteous living, and religious law.<p>The Quran says: “It is He Who sent down to you, in truth, the Book, confirming what went before it. And He sent down the Law [of Moses] and the Gospel [of Jesus] before this, as a guide to mankind. And He sent down the criterion [of judgment between right and wrong]” (3:3)</p><p>The exact text of the Tawrat generally corresponds to the first five books of the Jewish Bible. Many Biblical scholars concede, however, that the current version of the Torah was written by numerous authors over several centuries. The exact words of the revelation to Moses are not preserved.</p><p>The Quran mentions a revelation called the <i>Suhuf Ibrahim</i>, or the Scrolls of <a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/prophet-ibrahim-abraham-2004018" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-type="internalLink" data-ordinal="1">Abraham</a>. They were reportedly written by Ibrahim himself, as well as his scribes and followers. This holy book is considered to be lost forever, not due to deliberate sabotage but rather just due to the passage of time. The Quran refers to the scrolls of Abraham several times, including this verse: “Most surely this is in the earlier scriptures, the Books of Abraham and Moses” (87:18-19).</p>The Quran itself answers this question: “We sent you the Scripture [the Quran] in truth, confirming the scripture that came before it, and guarding it in safety. So judge between them by what Allah has revealed, and do not follow their vain desires, diverging from the Truth that has come to you. To each among you have we prescribed a law and an open way. If Allah had so willed, He would have made you a single people, but [His plan is] to test you in what He has given you; so strive as in a race in all virtues. The goal of you all is to Allah. It is He that will show you the truth of the matters in which you dispute” (5:48).