Science, Tech, Math › Science Brachiocephalic Artery Share Flipboard Email Print Science Biology Anatomy Basics Cell Biology Genetics Organisms Physiology Botany Ecology Chemistry Physics Geology Astronomy Weather & Climate By Regina Bailey Biology Expert B.A., Biology, Emory University A.S., Nursing, Chattahoochee Technical College Regina Bailey is a board-certified registered nurse, science writer and educator. Her work has been featured in "Kaplan AP Biology" and "The Internet for Cellular and Molecular Biologists." our editorial process Regina Bailey Updated January 15, 2020 Brachiocephalic Artery Depiction of the aortic arch showing the brachiocephalic artery. Reproduced from Gray's Anatomy Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart. The brachiocephalic (Brachi-, -cephal) artery extends from the aortic arch to the head. It branches off into the right common carotid artery and the right subclavian artery. Brachiocephalic Artery Function This relatively short artery supplies oxygenated blood to the head, neck and arm regions of the body.