brane

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Jones, Andrew Zimmerman. "brane." ThoughtCo, Jun. 16, 2014, thoughtco.com/brane-2699125. Jones, Andrew Zimmerman. (2014, June 16). brane. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/brane-2699125 Jones, Andrew Zimmerman. "brane." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/brane-2699125 (accessed October 22, 2017).

Definition:

In theoretical physics, a brane (short for membrane) is an object which can have any number of allowed dimensions. Branes are most popular for their presence in string theory, where it is a fundamental object, along with the string.

String theory has 9 space dimensions, so a brane can have anywhere from 0 to 9 dimensions. Branes were hypothesized as part of string theory in the late 1980s. In 1995, Joe Polchinski realized that Edward Witten's proposed M-Theory required the existence of branes.

Some physicists have proposed that our own universe is in fact a 3-dimensional brane, on which we are "stuck" within a larger 9-dimensional space, to explain why we can't perceive the extra dimensions.

Also Known As: membrane, D-brane, p-brane, n-brane

Format
mla apa chicago
Your Citation
Jones, Andrew Zimmerman. "brane." ThoughtCo, Jun. 16, 2014, thoughtco.com/brane-2699125. Jones, Andrew Zimmerman. (2014, June 16). brane. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/brane-2699125 Jones, Andrew Zimmerman. "brane." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/brane-2699125 (accessed October 22, 2017).