British Overseas Territories

Learn about the British Overseas Territories

The Falkland Islands Thirty Years After The War

Peter Hazell/Getty Images

The United Kingdom (UK) is an island nation located in Western Europe. It has a long history of worldwide exploration and it is known for its historic colonies around the world. Today the UK's mainland consists of the island of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. In addition, there are 14 overseas territories of Britain that are remnants of former British colonies. These territories are not officially a part of the UK, as most are self-governing but they do remain under its jurisdiction.

List of Territories

The following is a list of the 14 British Overseas Territories arranged by land area. For reference, their populations and capital cities have also been included.
1) British Antarctic Territory
Area: 660,000 square miles (1,709,400 sq km)
Population: No permanent population
Capital: Rothera
2) Falkland Islands
Area: 4,700 square miles (12,173 sq km)
Population: 2,955 (2006 estimate)
Capital: Stanley
3) South Sandwich and the South Georgia Islands
Area: 1,570 square miles (4,066 sq km)
Population: 30 (2006 estimate)
Capital: King Edward Point
4) Turks and Caicos Islands
Area: 166 square miles (430 sq km)
Population: 32,000 (2006 estimate)
Capital: Cockburn Town
5) Saint Helena, Saint Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha
Area: 162 square miles (420 sq km)
Population: 5,661 (2008 estimate)
Capital: Jamestown
6) Cayman Islands
Area: 100 square miles (259 sq km)
Population: 54,878 (2010 estimate)
Capital: George Town
7) Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia
Area: 98 square miles (255 sq km)
Population: 14,000 (date unknown)
Capital: Episkopi Cantonment
8) British Virgin Islands
Area: 59 square miles (153 sq km)
Population: 27,000 (2005 estimate)
Capital: Road Town
9) Anguilla
Area: 56.4 square miles (146 sq km)
Population: 13,600 (2006 estimate)
Capital: The Valley
10) Montserrat
Area: 39 square miles (101 sq km)
Population: 4,655 (2006 estimate)
Capital: Plymouth (abandoned); Brades (center of government today)
11) Bermuda
Area: 20.8 square miles (54 sq km)
Population: 64,000 (2007 estimate)
Capital: Hamilton
12) British Indian Ocean Territory
Area: 18 square miles (46 sq km)
Population: 4,000 (date unknown)
Capital: Diego Garcia
13) Pitcairn Islands
Area: 17 square miles (45 sq km)
Population: 51 (2008 estimate)
Capital: Adamstown
14) Gibraltar
Area: 2.5 square miles (6.5 sq km)
Population: 28,800 (2005 estimate)
Capital: Gibraltar