Humanities › History & Culture Timeline of the Ancient Eras Cross-Cultural Timeline of Major Events in the Ancient Eras Share Flipboard Email Print Hulton Archive / Getty Images History & Culture Ancient History and Culture Figures & Events Ancient Languages Greece Egypt Asia Rome Mythology & Religion American History African American History African History Asian History European History Genealogy Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century Women's History View More By N.S. Gill Ancient History and Latin Expert M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota B.A., Latin, University of Minnesota N.S. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. our editorial process N.S. Gill Updated February 28, 2020 This is a very basic 4-millennium timeline to show which civilizations existed at the same time in the Greco-Roman world, the Ancient Near East (includes Egypt and areas now thought of as the Middle East), the Indian subcontinent, and China. This corresponds with the Mediterranean-centered area called the Known World, as opposed to the New World, which includes the modern U.S. When an item is listed twice, like the Parthians, only the first instance appears in the linking column on the right. The format is the era or dates in the far left column (column #1), followed by a summary of the period called the Overview which may be further divided by region horizontally (column #2), followed by the main geographic area ( the Mediterranean, what we call the Middle East today, but in the context of ancient history is usually called the Ancient Near East (A.N.E.), and more eastern Asia) or the main developments (column #3), followed in the furthest right column by links to relevant articles (column #4). The Bronze Age to A.D. 500 Dates/Era Overview Main Events/Places More Info BRONZE AGE: 3500 B.C. - A.D. 1500 With the beginning of writing came the first period considered historical. This was still a very ancient period, part of the Bronze Age, and before the time when the Trojan War, if it happened, would have taken place. Writing Begins Pyramid Building in Egypt Mesopotamia; Egypt; Indus Valley (Harappa); Shang Dynasty in China 1500-1000 B.C. This was the period when, if the Trojan War is real, it probably happened. It probably corresponds to the time of the Biblical Book of Exodus. Vedic period in the Indus Valley. Greco-Roman Ancient Near East Central/Eastern Asia Assyrians; Hittites; New Kingdom Egypt IRON AGE STARTS: 1000-500 B.C. Homer is thought to have written his epics, The Iliad and The Odyssey. It is the time when Rome was founded. The Persians were expanding their empire in the eastern Mediterranean. It is thought this was the period of the famous Biblical kings, or at least Samuel, and later, the time of the Babylonian Captivity. Greco-RomanAncient Near East Central/Eastern Asia Legendary Rome; Archaic Greece Assyria, Medes, Egyptian New KingdomBuddha; Chou Dynasty CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY STARTS: 500 B.C. - A.D. 1 It was during this period that Greece flourished, fought the Persians, was conquered by the Macedonians, and later the Romans; the Romans got rid of their kings, established the Republican form of government and then started the rule by emperors. In the later years of this period, in Biblical History, the Seleucids were the monarchs under whom the Hasmonean and then the Herodian kings arose. The Maccabees were Hasmoneans. Greco-RomanAncient Near East Central/Eastern Asia Roman Republic; Classical Greece; Hellenistic Greece; SeleucidsPersian Empire; Parthians Mauryan Empire; Eastern Chou, Warring States, Ch'in, and Han Periods 1 - A.D. 500 This was the first period in which Christianity became important when the Romans suffered barbarian incursions and declined. In Jewish history, this was the period of the Bar Kokhba revolt from Roman rule and the time of the writing of the Mishnah and Septuagint. It is the end of the ancient period and the beginning of the Medieval era. Greco-RomanAncient Near East Central/Eastern Asia Roman Empire; Byzantine Empire Parthians, Sassanids Gupta; Han Dynasty Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Gill, N.S. "Timeline of the Ancient Eras." ThoughtCo, Feb. 16, 2021, thoughtco.com/bronze-age-to-a-d-500-121149. Gill, N.S. (2021, February 16). Timeline of the Ancient Eras. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/bronze-age-to-a-d-500-121149 Gill, N.S. "Timeline of the Ancient Eras." 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