Languages › French How to Conjugate "Brûler" (to Burn) Share Flipboard Email Print Henrik Sorensen/Getty Images French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Updated January 14, 2020 When you want to say "to burn" in French, use the verb brûler. In order to express "burning" or "burned," you will need to conjugate the verb to match the present, future, or past tense. Don't worry, this is a rather simple one and a quick French lesson will show you how it's done. Conjugating the French Verb Brûler Brûler is a regular -er verb. This means that it follows a common verb conjugation pattern for the endings. Just as we add -ed or -ing to English verbs, French verbs have multiple endings as well. Yet, it's a bit complicated because there is a new ending needed for each subject. You will find the chart to be very helpful when studying the various forms of brûler. Find your subject pronoun (je, tu, nous, etc.) and match it to the proper tense. For instance, "I burn" is "je brûle" while "we will burn" is "nous brûlerons." Subject Present Future Imperfect je brûle brûlerai brûlais tu brûles brûleras brûlais il brûle brûlera brûlait nous brûlons brûlerons brûlions vous brûlez brûlerez brûliez ils brûlent brûleront brûlaient The Present Participle of Brûlant The present participle of brûler is brûlant. This was as simple as replacing the -er ending with -ant. It works as a verb, of course, though you may also find it useful as an adjective, gerund, or noun. The Passé Composé of Brûlant The passé composé is another way to express the past tense of brûler. To form it, you must conjugate the auxiliary verb avoir and add the past participle brûlé. As an example, "I burned" is "j'ai brûlé" and "we burned" is "nous avons brûlé." More Brûlant Conjugations There may also be times in your French studies when the following verb conjugations are necessary. They're a bit less frequent than the previous forms but are important to know or, at least, recognize. You may run across the passé simple and imperfect subjunctive in French writings. The subjunctive and conditional are more common and used when the act of burning has some uncertainty to it. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passé Simple Imperfect Subjunctive je brûle brûlerais brûlai brûlasse tu brûles brûlerais brûlas brûlasses il brûle brûlerait brûla brûlât nous brûlions brûlerions brûlâmes brûlassions vous brûliez brûleriez brûlâtes brûlassiez ils brûlent brûleraient brûlèrent brûlassent The imperative form of brûler is used in direct demands and requests. When using it, skip the subject pronoun completely because the imperative implies the whom. Use "brûlons" rather than "nous brûlons," for example. Imperative (tu) brûle (nous) brûlons (vous) brûlez Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Brûler" (to Burn)." ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/bruler-to-burn-1369908. ThoughtCo. (2020, August 27). How to Conjugate "Brûler" (to Burn). Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/bruler-to-burn-1369908 ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate "Brûler" (to Burn)." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/bruler-to-burn-1369908 (accessed April 22, 2021). copy citation Conjugating Chasser in French How to Conjugate "Cacher" (to Hide) How to Conjugate "Chauffer" (to Heat) in French How to Conjugate "Blanchir" (to Bleach) How to Conjugate "Cueillir" (to Gather, Pick Up) How to Conjugate "Décrire" (to Describe) in French How to Conjugate the Verb 'Créer' (to Create) in French How to Conjugate "Augmenter" (to Increase, Raise, Rise) How to Conjugate "Jouir" (to Enjoy) in French How to Conjugate "Cuisiner" (to Cook) How to Conjugate the French Verb "Admettre" (to Admit) How to Conjugate "Cesser" (to Stop, Cease) in French A Step-By-Steo Conjugation of "Maintenir" (To Maintain) How to Conjugate "Conquérir" (to Conquer) How to Conjugate "Fermer" (to Close) How to Conjugate "Convenir"