ESL Business Letter Lesson Plan

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Teaching a business English course requires an extremely pragmatic approach to writing tasks. It is necessary to focus on the production of specific documents for specific situations. In order to ensure that the students are attentive while learning language production skills which will be used in the writing of these documents, they should brainstorm on certain company-specific problems that might arise. In this manner, the students are attentive throughout the language productivity process because they will be creating a document that has immediate practical applications.

5-Part Lesson


Listening Comprehension: "Shipment Problems" from International Business English

  1. Listening comprehension (2 times)
  2. Comprehension check


Break into 2 groups to brainstorm and write a list of possible problems with your supplier

  1. Have each group choose what they feel is an important and or regularly occurring problem
  2. Ask groups to write a quick outline of the problem


Have one group generate vocabulary and structures used when complaining, ask the other group to generate vocabulary used when responding to complaints

  1. Have two groups write their generated vocabulary on the board
  2. Ask for further vocabulary and/or structures that the opposing group may have missed


Ask groups to compose a letter of complaint about the problem they have previously outline

  1. Have the groups exchange finished letters. Each group should proceed by first reading, then correct and finally, respond to the letter.


Collect student letters and correct reply by pointing out which types of mistakes have been made (i.e. S for syntax, PR for preposition etc.)

  1. While correcting the letter have groups mix and discuss their responses to the problem
  2. Redistribute corrected letters to original groups and have students try to correct their letters using the cues given by the correction

The follow-up would include a written assignment of writing a letter of complaint. Students would then once again exchange letters read, correct and reply to the complaint. In this manner, students would continue working on this specific task over a period of time thus enabling perfection of the task through repetition.

Lesson Breakdown

The above plan takes the rather common task of the complaint and replies in the business setting as the central focus for ​comprehension and language production skills. By introducing the subject through a listening exercise, the students are passively encouraged to begin thinking about their own problems at work. Progressing through the spoken production phase, students begin to consider appropriate language for the task at hand. By focusing on specific problems at their own company, the student's interest is engaged thereby ensuring a more effective learning environment. Students begin to consider appropriate written production by writing an outline.

In the second part of the lesson, students focus more specifically on the appropriate language for the task of complaining and replying to complaints. They reinforce their reading and spoken knowledge of the vocabulary and structures by commenting on the other group's production on the board.

The third part of the lesson begins to develop the actually written production of the target area by group work. It continues with reading comprehension by the exchange of letters and further review of the structures by group correction. Finally, written production continues to improve by writing a response to the letter that they have read and corrected. Having first corrected the other group's letter, the group should be more aware of proper production.

In the final part of the lesson, written production is further refined by direct teacher involvement, helping the students to understand their mistakes and correct the problem areas themselves. In this way, the students will have completed three different letters focusing on specific work-related target areas that then can then immediately use at the workplace.

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Your Citation
Beare, Kenneth. "ESL Business Letter Lesson Plan." ThoughtCo, Apr. 5, 2023, Beare, Kenneth. (2023, April 5). ESL Business Letter Lesson Plan. Retrieved from Beare, Kenneth. "ESL Business Letter Lesson Plan." ThoughtCo. (accessed May 28, 2023).