Capitals of Every Independent Country

195 Capital Cities of the World

Eiffel Tower and Paris skyline at night
The Eiffel Tower and Paris skyline at night. Pawel Libera/Photolibrary/Getty Images

There are 195 nations officially recognized as independent countries in the world, each with its own capital city. A significant number of countries have multiple capital cities. Where that occurs, the additional capital cities are listed as well.

Is Taiwan a Country?

The United Nations list of nations doesn't include Taiwan as separate but as a part of China: 193 U.N. member nations and two nonvoting observer states, the Vatican City and Palestine. Only 17 nations recognize Taiwan as an independent nation, nine of which are in Latin America; in August 2018 El Salvador severed ties with Taiwan in favor of establishing relations with China, the third country to do so in just over a year.

The Countries of the World and their Capitals

Check out this alphabetical list of every independent nation and its capital (Taiwan is also included):

  1. Afghanistan: Kabul
  2. Albania: Tirana
  3. Algeria: Algiers
  4. Andorra: Andorra la Vella
  5. Angola: Luanda
  6. Antigua and Barbuda: Saint John's
  7. Argentina: Buenos Aires
  8. Armenia: Yerevan
  9. Australia: Canberra
  10. Austria: Vienna
  11. Azerbaijan: Baku
  12. The Bahamas: Nassau
  13. Bahrain: Manama
  14. Bangladesh: Dhaka
  15. Barbados: Bridgetown
  16. Belarus: Minsk
  17. Belgium: Brussels
  18. Belize: Belmopan
  19. Benin: Porto-Novo
  20. Bhutan: Thimphu
  21. Bolivia: La Paz (administrative); Sucre (judicial)
  22. Bosnia and Herzegovina: Sarajevo
  23. Botswana: Gaborone
  24. Brazil: Brasilia
  25. Brunei: Bandar Seri Begawan
  26. Bulgaria: Sofia
  27. Burkina Faso: Ouagadougou
  28. Burundi: Bujumbura
  29. Cambodia: Phnom Penh
  30. Cameroon: Yaounde
  31. Canada: Ottawa
  32. Cape Verde: Praia
  33. Central African Republic: Bangui
  34. Chad: N'Djamena
  35. Chile: Santiago
  36. China: Beijing
  37. Colombia: Bogota
  38. Comoros: Moroni
  39. Congo, Republic of the: Brazzaville
  40. Congo, Democratic Republic of the: Kinshasa
  41. Costa Rica: San Jose
  42. Cote d'Ivoire: Yamoussoukro (official); Abidjan (de facto)
  43. Croatia: Zagreb
  44. Cuba: Havana
  45. Cyprus: Nicosia
  46. Czech Republic: Prague
  47. Denmark: Copenhagen
  48. Djibouti: Djibouti
  49. Dominica: Roseau
  1. Dominican Republic: Santo Domingo
  2. East Timor (Timor-Leste): Dili
  3. Ecuador: Quito
  4. Egypt: Cairo
  5. El Salvador: San Salvador
  6. Equatorial Guinea: Malabo
  7. Eritrea: Asmara
  8. Estonia: Tallinn
  9. Ethiopia: Addis Ababa
  10. Fiji: Suva
  11. Finland: Helsinki
  12. France: Paris
  13. Gabon: Libreville
  14. The Gambia: Banjul
  15. Georgia: Tbilisi
  16. Germany: Berlin
  17. Ghana: Accra
  18. Greece: Athens
  19. Grenada: Saint George's
  20. Guatemala: Guatemala City
  21. Guinea: Conakry
  22. Guinea-Bissau: Bissau
  23. Guyana: Georgetown
  24. Haiti: Port-au-Prince
  25. Honduras: Tegucigalpa
  26. Hungary: Budapest
  27. Iceland: Reykjavik
  28. India: New Delhi
  29. Indonesia: Jakarta
  30. Iran: Tehran
  31. Iraq: Baghdad
  32. Ireland: Dublin
  33. Israel: Jerusalem*
  34. Italy: Rome
  35. Jamaica: Kingston
  36. Japan: Tokyo
  37. Jordan: Amman
  38. Kazakhstan: Astana
  39. Kenya: Nairobi
  40. Kiribati: Tarawa Atoll
  41. Korea, North: Pyongyang
  42. Korea, South: Seoul
  43. Kosovo: Pristina
  44. Kuwait: Kuwait City
  45. Kyrgyzstan: Bishkek
  46. Laos: Vientiane
  47. Latvia: Riga
  48. Lebanon: Beirut
  49. Lesotho: Maseru
  50. Liberia: Monrovia
  51. Libya: Tripoli
  52. Liechtenstein: Vaduz
  53. Lithuania: Vilnius
  54. Luxembourg: Luxembourg
  55. Macedonia: Skopje
  56. Madagascar: Antananarivo
  57. Malawi: Lilongwe
  1. Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur
  2. Maldives: Male
  3. Mali: Bamako
  4. Malta: Valletta
  5. Marshall Islands: Majuro
  6. Mauritania: Nouakchott
  7. Mauritius: Port Louis
  8. Mexico: Mexico City
  9. Micronesia, Federated States of: Palikir
  10. Moldova: Chisinau
  11. Monaco: Monaco
  12. Mongolia: Ulaanbaatar
  13. Montenegro: Podgorica
  14. Morocco: Rabat
  15. Mozambique: Maputo
  16. Myanmar (Burma): Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (administrative)
  17. Namibia: Windhoek
  18. Nauru: no official capital; government offices in Yaren District
  19. Nepal: Kathmandu
  20. Netherlands: Amsterdam; The Hague (seat of government)
  21. New Zealand: Wellington
  22. Nicaragua: Managua
  23. Niger: Niamey
  24. Nigeria: Abuja
  25. Norway: Oslo
  26. Oman: Muscat
  27. Pakistan: Islamabad
  28. Palau: Melekeok
  29. Panama: Panama City
  30. Papua New Guinea: Port Moresby
  31. Paraguay: Asuncion
  32. Peru: Lima
  33. Philippines: Manila
  34. Poland: Warsaw
  35. Portugal: Lisbon
  36. Qatar: Doha
  37. Romania: Bucharest
  38. Russia: Moscow
  39. Rwanda: Kigali
  40. Saint Kitts and Nevis: Basseterre
  41. Saint Lucia: Castries
  42. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Kingstown
  43. Samoa: Apia
  44. San Marino: San Marino
  45. Sao Tome and Principe: Sao Tome
  46. Saudi Arabia: Riyadh
  1. Senegal: Dakar
  2. Serbia: Belgrade
  3. Seychelles: Victoria
  4. Sierra Leone: Freetown
  5. Singapore: Singapore
  6. Slovakia: Bratislava
  7. Slovenia: Ljubljana
  8. Solomon Islands: Honiara
  9. Somalia: Mogadishu
  10. South Africa: Pretoria (administrative); Cape Town (legislative); Bloemfontein (judiciary)
  11. South Sudan: Juba 
  12. Spain: Madrid
  13. Sri Lanka: Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative)
  14. Sudan: Khartoum
  15. Suriname: Paramaribo
  16. Swaziland: Mbabane
  17. Sweden: Stockholm
  18. Switzerland: Bern
  19. Syria: Damascus
  20. Taiwan: Taipei
  21. Tajikistan: Dushanbe
  22. Tanzania: Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (legislative)
  23. Thailand: Bangkok
  24. Togo: Lome
  25. Tonga: Nuku'alofa
  26. Trinidad and Tobago: Port-of-Spain
  27. Tunisia: Tunis
  28. Turkey: Ankara
  29. Turkmenistan: Ashgabat
  30. Tuvalu: Vaiaku village, Funafuti province
  31. Uganda: Kampala
  32. Ukraine: Kyiv
  33. United Arab Emirates: Abu Dhabi
  34. United Kingdom: London
  35. United States of America: Washington, D.C.
  36. Uruguay: Montevideo
  37. Uzbekistan: Tashkent
  38. Vanuatu: Port-Vila
  39. Vatican City (Holy See): Vatican City
  40. Venezuela: Caracas
  41. Vietnam: Hanoi
  42. Yemen: Sanaa
  43. Zambia: Lusaka
  44. Zimbabwe: Harare

An important to note is that the executive, judicial, and legislative branches of the State of Israel are all located in Jerusalem, making it the capital; nonetheless, almost all countries maintain their embassies in Tel Aviv. President Donald Trump moved the U.S. embassy to Jerusalem in 2018 and others may follow, possibly just to "curry favor" with the United States for aid in their own crises, Eric Olson told the Washington Post.

While the listing above is an authoritative listing of the independent countries of the world, it is important to note that there are also more than 60 territories, colonies, and dependencies of independent countries, which often have their own capital cities as well.