Humanities › Geography Capitals of Every Independent Country 195 Capital Cities of the World Share Flipboard Email Print Pawel Libera / Photolibrary / Getty Images Geography Country Information Basics Physical Geography Political Geography Population Key Figures & Milestones Maps Urban Geography By Matt Rosenberg Geography Expert M.A., Geography, California State University - Northridge B.A., Geography, University of California - Davis Matt Rosenberg is an award-winning geographer and the author of "The Handy Geography Answer Book" and "The Geography Bee Complete Preparation Handbook." our editorial process Matt Rosenberg Updated February 04, 2020 There are 195 nations officially recognized as independent countries in the world, each with its own capital city. A significant number of countries have multiple capital cities. Where that occurs, the additional capital cities are listed as well. Is Taiwan a Country? The United Nations list of nations doesn't include Taiwan as separate but as a part of China: 193 U.N. member nations and two nonvoting observer states, the Vatican City and Palestine. As of Jan. 20, 2020, only 15 countries recognize Taiwan as an independent nation. Eight countries that previously did so established diplomatic relations with China after President Tsai Ing-Wen's election in May 2016. Tsai was reelected on Jan. 10, 2020. The Countries of the World and their Capitals Check out this alphabetical list of every independent nation and its capital (Taiwan is also included): Afghanistan: Kabul Albania: Tirana Algeria: Algiers Andorra: Andorra la Vella Angola: Luanda Antigua and Barbuda: Saint John's Argentina: Buenos Aires Armenia: Yerevan Australia: Canberra Austria: Vienna Azerbaijan: Baku The Bahamas: Nassau Bahrain: Manama Bangladesh: Dhaka Barbados: Bridgetown Belarus: Minsk Belgium: Brussels Belize: Belmopan Benin: Porto-Novo Bhutan: Thimphu Bolivia: La Paz (administrative); Sucre (judicial) Bosnia and Herzegovina: Sarajevo Botswana: Gaborone Brazil: Brasilia Brunei: Bandar Seri Begawan Bulgaria: Sofia Burkina Faso: Ouagadougou Burundi: Gitega (changed from Bujumbura in December 2018) Cambodia: Phnom Penh Cameroon: Yaounde Canada: Ottawa Cape Verde: Praia Central African Republic: Bangui Chad: N'Djamena Chile: Santiago China: Beijing Colombia: Bogota Comoros: Moroni Congo, Republic of the: Brazzaville Congo, Democratic Republic of the: Kinshasa Costa Rica: San Jose Cote d'Ivoire: Yamoussoukro (official); Abidjan (de facto) Croatia: Zagreb Cuba: Havana Cyprus: Nicosia Czech Republic: Prague Denmark: Copenhagen Djibouti: Djibouti Dominica: Roseau Dominican Republic: Santo Domingo East Timor (Timor-Leste): Dili Ecuador: Quito Egypt: Cairo El Salvador: San Salvador Equatorial Guinea: Malabo Eritrea: Asmara Estonia: Tallinn Ethiopia: Addis Ababa Fiji: Suva Finland: Helsinki France: Paris Gabon: Libreville The Gambia: Banjul Georgia: Tbilisi Germany: Berlin Ghana: Accra Greece: Athens Grenada: Saint George's Guatemala: Guatemala City Guinea: Conakry Guinea-Bissau: Bissau Guyana: Georgetown Haiti: Port-au-Prince Honduras: Tegucigalpa Hungary: Budapest Iceland: Reykjavik India: New Delhi Indonesia: Jakarta Iran: Tehran Iraq: Baghdad Ireland: Dublin Israel: Jerusalem* Italy: Rome Jamaica: Kingston Japan: Tokyo Jordan: Amman Kazakhstan: Nur-Sultan Kenya: Nairobi Kiribati: Tarawa Atoll Korea, North: Pyongyang Korea, South: Seoul Kosovo: Pristina Kuwait: Kuwait City Kyrgyzstan: Bishkek Laos: Vientiane Latvia: Riga Lebanon: Beirut Lesotho: Maseru Liberia: Monrovia Libya: Tripoli Liechtenstein: Vaduz Lithuania: Vilnius Luxembourg: Luxembourg Macedonia: Skopje Madagascar: Antananarivo Malawi: Lilongwe Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur Maldives: Male Mali: Bamako Malta: Valletta Marshall Islands: Majuro Mauritania: Nouakchott Mauritius: Port Louis Mexico: Mexico City Micronesia, Federated States of: Palikir Moldova: Chisinau Monaco: Monaco Mongolia: Ulaanbaatar Montenegro: Podgorica Morocco: Rabat Mozambique: Maputo Myanmar (Burma): Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (administrative) Namibia: Windhoek Nauru: no official capital; government offices in Yaren District Nepal: Kathmandu Netherlands: Amsterdam; The Hague (seat of government) New Zealand: Wellington Nicaragua: Managua Niger: Niamey Nigeria: Abuja Norway: Oslo Oman: Muscat Pakistan: Islamabad Palau: Melekeok Panama: Panama City Papua New Guinea: Port Moresby Paraguay: Asuncion Peru: Lima Philippines: Manila Poland: Warsaw Portugal: Lisbon Qatar: Doha Romania: Bucharest Russia: Moscow Rwanda: Kigali Saint Kitts and Nevis: Basseterre Saint Lucia: Castries Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Kingstown Samoa: Apia San Marino: San Marino Sao Tome and Principe: Sao Tome Saudi Arabia: Riyadh Senegal: Dakar Serbia: Belgrade Seychelles: Victoria Sierra Leone: Freetown Singapore: Singapore Slovakia: Bratislava Slovenia: Ljubljana Solomon Islands: Honiara Somalia: Mogadishu South Africa: Pretoria (administrative); Cape Town (legislative); Bloemfontein (judiciary) South Sudan: Juba Spain: Madrid Sri Lanka: Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative) Sudan: Khartoum Suriname: Paramaribo Swaziland: Mbabane Sweden: Stockholm Switzerland: Bern Syria: Damascus Taiwan: Taipei Tajikistan: Dushanbe Tanzania: Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (legislative) Thailand: Bangkok Togo: Lome Tonga: Nuku'alofa Trinidad and Tobago: Port-of-Spain Tunisia: Tunis Turkey: Ankara Turkmenistan: Ashgabat Tuvalu: Vaiaku village, Funafuti province Uganda: Kampala Ukraine: Kyiv United Arab Emirates: Abu Dhabi United Kingdom: London United States of America: Washington, D.C. Uruguay: Montevideo Uzbekistan: Tashkent Vanuatu: Port-Vila Vatican City (Holy See): Vatican City Venezuela: Caracas Vietnam: Hanoi Yemen: Sanaa Zambia: Lusaka Zimbabwe: Harare An important fact to note is that the executive, judicial, and legislative branches of the State of Israel are all located in Jerusalem, making it the capital; nonetheless, almost all countries maintain their embassies in Tel Aviv. President Donald Trump moved the U.S. embassy to Jerusalem in 2018 and others may follow, possibly just to "curry favor" with the United States for aid in their own crises, Eric Olson told the Washington Post. While the listing above is an authoritative listing of the independent countries of the world, it is important to note that there are also more than 80 territories, colonies, and dependencies of independent countries, which often have their own capital cities as well. View Article Sources "Independent States in the World." Bureau of Intelligence and Research, U.S. Department of State, 27 March 2019. "Member States of the United Nations." United Nations. Lawrence, Susan V. "Taiwan: Select Political and Security Issues." Congressional Research Service, 21 Jan. 2020. "Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty." Bureau of Intelligence and Research, 7 March 2019. Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Rosenberg, Matt. "Capitals of Every Independent Country." ThoughtCo, Feb. 8, 2021, thoughtco.com/capitals-of-every-independent-country-1434452. Rosenberg, Matt. (2021, February 8). Capitals of Every Independent Country. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/capitals-of-every-independent-country-1434452 Rosenberg, Matt. "Capitals of Every Independent Country." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/capitals-of-every-independent-country-1434452 (accessed September 19, 2021). copy citation Watch Now: What are the Biggest Continents By Area and Population?