Capitals of Every Independent Country on Earth

195 Capital Cities of the World

Eiffel Tower and Paris skyline at night

Pawel Libera / Photolibrary / Getty Images

There are 195 nations officially recognized as independent countries in the world, each with its own capital city. A significant number of countries have multiple capital cities. Where that occurs, the additional capital cities are listed as well.

Is Taiwan a Country?

The United Nations list of nations doesn't include Taiwan as separate but as a part of China: 193 U.N. member nations and two nonvoting observer states, the Vatican City and Palestine. Only 17 nations recognize Taiwan as an independent nation, nine of which are in Latin America; in August 2018 El Salvador severed ties with Taiwan in favor of establishing relations with China, the third country to do so in just over a year.

The Countries of the World and their Capitals

Check out this alphabetical list of every independent nation and its capital (Taiwan is also included):

  1. Afghanistan: Kabul
  2. Albania: Tirana
  3. Algeria: Algiers
  4. Andorra: Andorra la Vella
  5. Angola: Luanda
  6. Antigua and Barbuda: Saint John's
  7. Argentina: Buenos Aires
  8. Armenia: Yerevan
  9. Australia: Canberra
  10. Austria: Vienna
  11. Azerbaijan: Baku
  12. The Bahamas: Nassau
  13. Bahrain: Manama
  14. Bangladesh: Dhaka
  15. Barbados: Bridgetown
  16. Belarus: Minsk
  17. Belgium: Brussels
  18. Belize: Belmopan
  19. Benin: Porto-Novo
  20. Bhutan: Thimphu
  21. Bolivia: La Paz (administrative); Sucre (judicial)
  22. Bosnia and Herzegovina: Sarajevo
  23. Botswana: Gaborone
  24. Brazil: Brasilia
  25. Brunei: Bandar Seri Begawan
  26. Bulgaria: Sofia
  27. Burkina Faso: Ouagadougou
  28. Burundi: Gitega (changed from Bujumbura in December 2018)
  29. Cambodia: Phnom Penh
  30. Cameroon: Yaounde
  31. Canada: Ottawa
  32. Cape Verde: Praia
  33. Central African Republic: Bangui
  34. Chad: N'Djamena
  35. Chile: Santiago
  36. China: Beijing
  37. Colombia: Bogota
  38. Comoros: Moroni
  39. Congo, Republic of the: Brazzaville
  40. Congo, Democratic Republic of the: Kinshasa
  41. Costa Rica: San Jose
  42. Cote d'Ivoire: Yamoussoukro (official); Abidjan (de facto)
  43. Croatia: Zagreb
  44. Cuba: Havana
  45. Cyprus: Nicosia
  46. Czech Republic: Prague
  47. Denmark: Copenhagen
  1. Djibouti: Djibouti
  2. Dominica: Roseau
  3. Dominican Republic: Santo Domingo
  4. East Timor (Timor-Leste): Dili
  5. Ecuador: Quito
  6. Egypt: Cairo
  7. El Salvador: San Salvador
  8. Equatorial Guinea: Malabo
  9. Eritrea: Asmara
  10. Estonia: Tallinn
  11. Ethiopia: Addis Ababa
  12. Fiji: Suva
  13. Finland: Helsinki
  14. France: Paris
  15. Gabon: Libreville
  16. The Gambia: Banjul
  17. Georgia: Tbilisi
  18. Germany: Berlin
  19. Ghana: Accra
  20. Greece: Athens
  21. Grenada: Saint George's
  22. Guatemala: Guatemala City
  23. Guinea: Conakry
  24. Guinea-Bissau: Bissau
  25. Guyana: Georgetown
  26. Haiti: Port-au-Prince
  27. Honduras: Tegucigalpa
  28. Hungary: Budapest
  29. Iceland: Reykjavik
  30. India: New Delhi
  31. Indonesia: Jakarta
  32. Iran: Tehran
  33. Iraq: Baghdad
  34. Ireland: Dublin
  35. Israel: Jerusalem*
  36. Italy: Rome
  37. Jamaica: Kingston
  38. Japan: Tokyo
  39. Jordan: Amman
  40. Kazakhstan: Astana
  41. Kenya: Nairobi
  42. Kiribati: Tarawa Atoll
  43. Korea, North: Pyongyang
  44. Korea, South: Seoul
  45. Kosovo: Pristina
  46. Kuwait: Kuwait City
  47. Kyrgyzstan: Bishkek
  48. Laos: Vientiane
  49. Latvia: Riga
  50. Lebanon: Beirut
  51. Lesotho: Maseru
  52. Liberia: Monrovia
  53. Libya: Tripoli
  54. Liechtenstein: Vaduz
  55. Lithuania: Vilnius
  56. Luxembourg: Luxembourg
  57. Macedonia: Skopje
  58. Madagascar: Antananarivo
  1. Malawi: Lilongwe
  2. Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur
  3. Maldives: Male
  4. Mali: Bamako
  5. Malta: Valletta
  6. Marshall Islands: Majuro
  7. Mauritania: Nouakchott
  8. Mauritius: Port Louis
  9. Mexico: Mexico City
  10. Micronesia, Federated States of: Palikir
  11. Moldova: Chisinau
  12. Monaco: Monaco
  13. Mongolia: Ulaanbaatar
  14. Montenegro: Podgorica
  15. Morocco: Rabat
  16. Mozambique: Maputo
  17. Myanmar (Burma): Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (administrative)
  18. Namibia: Windhoek
  19. Nauru: no official capital; government offices in Yaren District
  20. Nepal: Kathmandu
  21. Netherlands: Amsterdam; The Hague (seat of government)
  22. New Zealand: Wellington
  23. Nicaragua: Managua
  24. Niger: Niamey
  25. Nigeria: Abuja
  26. Norway: Oslo
  27. Oman: Muscat
  28. Pakistan: Islamabad
  29. Palau: Melekeok
  30. Panama: Panama City
  31. Papua New Guinea: Port Moresby
  32. Paraguay: Asuncion
  33. Peru: Lima
  34. Philippines: Manila
  35. Poland: Warsaw
  36. Portugal: Lisbon
  37. Qatar: Doha
  38. Romania: Bucharest
  39. Russia: Moscow
  40. Rwanda: Kigali
  41. Saint Kitts and Nevis: Basseterre
  42. Saint Lucia: Castries
  43. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Kingstown
  44. Samoa: Apia
  45. San Marino: San Marino
  46. Sao Tome and Principe: Sao Tome
  1. Saudi Arabia: Riyadh
  2. Senegal: Dakar
  3. Serbia: Belgrade
  4. Seychelles: Victoria
  5. Sierra Leone: Freetown
  6. Singapore: Singapore
  7. Slovakia: Bratislava
  8. Slovenia: Ljubljana
  9. Solomon Islands: Honiara
  10. Somalia: Mogadishu
  11. South Africa: Pretoria (administrative); Cape Town (legislative); Bloemfontein (judiciary)
  12. South Sudan: Juba 
  13. Spain: Madrid
  14. Sri Lanka: Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative)
  15. Sudan: Khartoum
  16. Suriname: Paramaribo
  17. Swaziland: Mbabane
  18. Sweden: Stockholm
  19. Switzerland: Bern
  20. Syria: Damascus
  21. Taiwan: Taipei
  22. Tajikistan: Dushanbe
  23. Tanzania: Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (legislative)
  24. Thailand: Bangkok
  25. Togo: Lome
  26. Tonga: Nuku'alofa
  27. Trinidad and Tobago: Port-of-Spain
  28. Tunisia: Tunis
  29. Turkey: Ankara
  30. Turkmenistan: Ashgabat
  31. Tuvalu: Vaiaku village, Funafuti province
  32. Uganda: Kampala
  33. Ukraine: Kyiv
  34. United Arab Emirates: Abu Dhabi
  35. United Kingdom: London
  36. United States of America: Washington, D.C.
  37. Uruguay: Montevideo
  38. Uzbekistan: Tashkent
  39. Vanuatu: Port-Vila
  40. Vatican City (Holy See): Vatican City
  41. Venezuela: Caracas
  42. Vietnam: Hanoi
  43. Yemen: Sanaa
  44. Zambia: Lusaka
  45. Zimbabwe: Harare

    An important fact to note is that the executive, judicial, and legislative branches of the State of Israel are all located in Jerusalem, making it the capital; nonetheless, almost all countries maintain their embassies in Tel Aviv. President Donald Trump moved the U.S. embassy to Jerusalem in 2018 and others may follow, possibly just to "curry favor" with the United States for aid in their own crises, Eric Olson told the Washington Post.

    While the listing above is an authoritative listing of the independent countries of the world, it is important to note that there are also more than 60 territories, colonies, and dependencies of independent countries, which often have their own capital cities as well.