Humanities › Geography Caribbean Countries by Land Area Share Flipboard Email Print levente bodo/Getty Images Geography Country Information Basics Physical Geography Political Geography Population Key Figures & Milestones Maps Urban Geography By Amanda Briney Geography Expert M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. our editorial process Amanda Briney Updated July 08, 2019 The Caribbean region is located to the southeast of the North American continent and the Gulf of Mexico. The entire region is made up of more than 7,000 islands, islets (very small rocky islands), coral reefs, and cays (small, sandy islands above coral reefs). The region covers an area of 1,063,000 square miles (2,754,000 sq km) and has a population of nearly 38 million people (2017 estimate). It is most known for its warm, tropical climate, and natural beauty. The Caribbean is considered a biodiversity hotspot. These independent countries are part of the Caribbean region. They are listed according to their land area, and their populations and capital cities have been included for reference. All statistical information comes from the CIA World Factbook. Cuba Danita Delimont/Getty Images Area: 42,803 square miles (110,860 sq km) Population: 11,147,407 Capital: Havana The island of Cuba averages one hurricane every other year; most recently, Irma delivered a direct hit in 2017. Droughts are also common. Dominican Republic Claudio Bruni / EyeEm/Getty Imges Area: 18,791 square miles (48,670 sq km) Population: 10,734,247 Capital: Santo Domingo The Dominican Republic comprises the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with Haiti. The Dominican has both the Caribbean's highest peak and lowest elevation in a lake. Haiti Anne-Marie Weber/Getty Images Area: 10,714 square miles (27,750 sq km) Population: 10,646,714 Capital: Port au Prince Haiti is the most mountainous nation in the Caribbean, though its neighboring country, the Dominican Republic, has the tallest peak. The Bahamas Pola Damonte via Getty Images/Getty Images Area: 5,359 square miles (13,880 sq km) Population: 329,988 Capital: Nassau 30 of the Bahamas' islands are inhabited, with most of the people living in cities. Only 1.4 percent of the country's land is agricultural, and 51 percent is forested. Jamaica Westend61/Getty Images Area: 4,243 square miles (10,991 sq km) Population: 2,990,561 Capital: Kingston Population density is high in Jamaica, especially in its largest cities. The mountainous island is about half the size of New Jersey. Trinidad and Tobago Marc Guitard/Getty Images Area: 1,980 square miles (5,128 sq km) Population: 1,218,208 Capital: Port of Spain Trinidad has the world's largest supply of naturally occurring asphalt in the aptly named Pitch Lake. Dominica Westend61/Getty Images Area: 290 square miles (751 sq km) Population: 73,897 Capital: Roseau The population of Dominica is mostly on the coasts, as the island has a volcanic origin. Popular tourist destinations include the Valley of Desolation and the Boiling Lake. Saint Lucia James + Courtney Forte/Getty Images Area: 237 square miles (616 sq km) Population: 164,994 Capital: Castries The last major eruptions on St. Lucia occurred between 3,700 and 20,000 years ago, near Sulphur Springs. Antigua and Barbuda Westend61/Getty Images Area: 170 square miles (442 sq km) Population: 94,731 Capital: Saint John's Almost all of the population of Antigua and Barbuda lives on Antigua. The island features many beaches and harbors. Barbados Frank Fell/Getty Images Area: 166 square miles (430 sq km) Population: 292,336 Capital: Bridgetown Located the eastern part of the Caribbean, Barbados is the most densely populated country, with a third of the population living in urban areas. The island's terrain is relatively flat. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Severine BAUR/Getty Images Area: 150 square miles (389 sq km) Population: 102,089 Capital: Kingstown Most of the population of St. Vincent and the Grenadines lives in or around the capital city. Volcano La Soufriere last erupted in 1979. Grenada Westend61/Getty Images Area: 133 square miles (344 sq km) Population: 111,724 Capital: Saint George's The island of Grenada has the volcanic Mount St. Catherine. Nearby, underwater and the north, lie the playfully-named volcanoes Kick 'Em Jenny and Kick 'Em Jack. Saint Kitts and Nevis Zen Rial/Getty Images Area: 100 square miles (261 sq km) Population: 52,715 Capital: Basseterre These two volcanic islands resemble the shape of a baseball bat and a ball. They are separated by a channel called The Narrows.