Humanities › History & Culture CHAPMAN Last Name Meaning and Origin Share Flipboard Email Print Robert Frerck / Getty Images History & Culture Genealogy Surnames Basics Genealogy Fun Vital Records Around the World American History African American History African History Ancient History and Culture Asian History European History Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century Women's History View More By Kimberly Powell Genealogy Expert Certificate in Genealogical Research, Boston University B.A., Carnegie Mellon University Kimberly Powell is a professional genealogist and the author of The Everything Guide to Online Genealogy. She teaches at the Genealogical Institute of Pittsburgh and the Salt Lake Institute of Genealogy. our editorial process Kimberly Powell Updated April 09, 2019 The popular English surname Chapman most commonly originated as an occupational name for a businessman, trader, or merchant. Chapman derives from the Old High German choufman or koufman, which became the Old English céapmann a compound of ceap, meaning "to barter, bargain, or deal," plus mann, which means "man." It was often, but not always, used as a name for an itinerant merchant. Chapman is the 74th most common surname in England. Surname Origin: English Alternate Surname Spellings: CHIPMAN, CHAPMEN, SHAPMAN, CAEPMON, CEPEMAN, CHEPMON, CYPMAN, CYPMANN Famous People With the CHAPMAN Surname John Chapman - aka Johnny AppleseedMark David Chapman - convicted murderer of former Beatle John LennonCarrie Chapman Catt - suffrage movement leader and founder of the League of Women Voters; Chapman was the surname of her first husband, newspaper editor and publisher, Leo ChapmanSteven Curtis Chapman - Christian music singer and songwriterEddie Chapman - British spy and double agentGeorge Chapman - English dramatist, translator, and poetJohn Wilbur Chapman - American Presbyterian evangelistMaria Weston Chapman - American abolitionist Genealogy Resources for the Surname CHAPMAN Common Surname Search TipsTips and tricks for researching your CHAPMAN ancestors online. Chapman Family AssociationThis non-profit American-based family association is dedicated to "collecting, compiling and editing historical and genealogical records of Chapman family members." Chapman Family Tree DNA ProjectOver 240 men with the Chapman surname have contributed their Y-DNA results to this free surname project in an effort to sort out the origins of Chapman families worldwide by identifying the Chapman families that most closely match each other. CHAPMAN Family Genealogy ForumFree message board is focused on descendants of Chapman ancestors around the world. FamilySearch - CHAPMAN GenealogyThis free genealogy website offers access to more than 3 million historical records, plus lineage-linked family trees for the Chapman surname. CHAPMAN Surname Mailing ListFree mailing list for researchers of the Chapman surname and its variations includes subscription details and a searchable archives of past messages. DistantCousin.com - CHAPMAN Genealogy & Family HistoryFree databases and genealogy links for the last name Chapman. References: Cottle, Basil. Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1967. Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Collins Celtic (Pocket edition), 1998. Fucilla, Joseph. Our Italian Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 2003. Hanks, Patrick and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1989. Hanks, Patrick. Dictionary of American Family Names. Oxford University Press, 2003. Reaney, P.H. A Dictionary of English Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1997. Smith, Elsdon C. American Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997.