Humanities › History & Culture Chart of the 13 Original Colonies New England, Middle, and Southern Regions Share Flipboard Email Print The Road to American Independence Introduction A ‘New World’ Discovered The First New World Voyage of Christopher Columbus La Navidad: First European Settlement in the Americas The Second Voyage of Christopher Columbus Exploration After Columbus The Man Who Named America The American Indian Slave Trade Check Your Knowledge: A 'New World' Discovered Early Settlement of America The Virginia Colony Essential Facts About Jamestown The Mayflower Compact The Plymouth Colony Check Your Knowledge: Early Settlement The Original 13 British Colonies The Early American Colonial Regions Characteristics of New England Colonies Governments of the Original Thirteen Colonies The Original 13 US States Quick Chart of the Thirteen Original Colonies Check Your Knowledge: Original 13 Colonies Dissent Turns to Revolution The Root Causes of the American Revolution The Albany Plan of Union The Boston Massacre Currency Act of 1764 The Stamp Act of 1765 Who Were the Sons of Liberty? The Boston Tea Party The Intolerable Acts Check Your Knowledge: Dissent Turns to Revolution The American Revolution Begins The Battles of Lexington and Concord The Siege of Boston Battle of Yorktown The Treaty of Paris 1783 America's Top Founding Fathers The Declaration of Independence Check Your Knowledge: American Revolution Begins jpa1999 / Getty Images By Martin Kelly History Expert M.A., History, University of Florida B.A., History, University of Florida Martin Kelly, M.A., is a history teacher and curriculum developer. He is the author of "The Everything American Presidents Book" and "Colonial Life: Government." our editorial process Martin Kelly Updated November 07, 2020 The British Empire settled its first permanent colony in the Americas at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. This was the first of 13 colonies in North America. The 13 Original U.S. Colonies The 13 colonies can be divided into three regions: New England, Middle, and Southern colonies. The chart below provides additional information including the years of settlement and founders of each. The New England Colonies The New England colonies included Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. Plymouth Colony was founded in 1620 (when the Mayflower arrived in Plymouth), but was incorporated into Massachusetts Bay in 1691. The group that left England for America in the Mayflower was called the Puritans; they believed in a strict interpretation of the writings of John Calvin, who dismissed the beliefs of both the Catholics and the Anglicans. The Mayflower first landed in Provincetown on Cape Cod, where they signed the Mayflower Compact while docked in Provincetown Harbor. After five weeks, they crossed Cape Cod Bay to Plymouth. The Middle Colonies The Middle Colonies were located in the area now described as the Mid-Atlantic and included Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. While the New England colonies were made up largely of British Puritans, the Middle Colonies were very mixed. Settlers in these colonies included English, Swedes, Dutch, Germans, Scots-Irish, and French, along with Indigenous peoples and some enslaved (and freed) Africans. Members of these groups included Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians. The Southern Colonies The first "official" American colony was formed in Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. In 1587, a group of 115 English settlers arrived in Virginia. They arrived safely on Roanoke Island, off the coast of North Carolina. By the middle of the year, the group realized they needed more supplies, and so they sent John White, governor of the colony, back to England. White arrived in the midst of a war between Spain and England, and his return was delayed. When he finally made it back to Roanoke, there was no trace of the colony, his wife, his daughter, or his granddaughter. Instead, all he found was the word "Croatoan" carved into a post, which was the name of a small group of Indigenous people in the area. No one knew what had happened to the colony until 2015, when archaeologists discovered clues such as British-style pottery among Croatoan remains. This suggests that the people of the Roanoke colony may have become part of the Croatoan community. By 1752, the colonies included North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and Georgia. The Southern Colonies focused most of their efforts on cash crops including tobacco and cotton. In order to make their plantations profitable, they used the unpaid labor and skills of enslaved Africans. Colony Name Year Founded Founded By Became Royal Colony Virginia 1607 London Company 1624 Massachusetts 1620 - Plymouth Colony 1630 - Massachusetts Bay Colony Puritans 1691 New Hampshire 1623 John Mason 1679 Maryland 1634 Lord Baltimore N/A Connecticut c. 1635 Thomas Hooker N/A Rhode Island 1636 Roger Williams N/A Delaware 1638 Peter Minuit and New Sweden Company N/A North Carolina 1653 Virginians 1729 South Carolina 1663 Eight Nobles with a Royal Charter from Charles II 1729 New Jersey 1664 Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret 1702 New York 1664 Duke of York 1685 Pennsylvania 1682 William Penn N/A Georgia 1732 James Edward Oglethorpe 1752 Sources Shi, David E., and George Brown Tindall. "America: A Narrative History," Brief Tenth Edition. New York: W. W. Norton, 2016.Smith, James Morton. "Seventeenth-Century America: Essays in Colonial History." Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2014. Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Kelly, Martin. "Chart of the 13 Original Colonies." ThoughtCo, Sep. 8, 2021, thoughtco.com/chart-of-thirteen-original-colonies-4059705. Kelly, Martin. (2021, September 8). Chart of the 13 Original Colonies. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/chart-of-thirteen-original-colonies-4059705 Kelly, Martin. "Chart of the 13 Original Colonies." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/chart-of-thirteen-original-colonies-4059705 (accessed October 23, 2021). copy citation The Early American Colonial Regions The Original 13 U.S. States Essential Facts About the South Carolina Colony American History Timeline 1601 - 1625 History of the Plymouth Colony History and Founding of Virginia Colony Learn About New Hampshire Colony 10 Oldest Cities in the United States The Founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony The Road to the American Revolution American History Timeline: 1626-1650 What Is Colonialism? Definition and Examples The 10 Best Books About Early Colonial History Facts About the Jamestown Colony American History Timeline 1675–1700 What Happened to the Lost Colony of Roanoke?