Chemical Composition of the Earth's Crust - Elements

Table of Element Composition of the Earth's Crust

The most abundant element in the lithosphere of the Earth is oxygen.
The most abundant element in the lithosphere of the Earth is oxygen. LEONELLO CALVETTI, Getty Images

This is a table that shows the elemental chemical composition of the Earth's crust. Keep in mind, these numbers are estimates. They will vary depending on the way they were calculated and the source. 98.4% of the Earth's crust consists of oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium, and magnesium. All other elements account for approximately 1.6% of the volume of the Earth's crust.

Major Elements in the Earth's Crust

ElementPercent by Volume
oxygen46.60%
silicon27.72%
aluminum8.13%
iron5.00%
calcium3.63%
sodium2.83%
potassium2.59%
magnesium2.09%
titanium0.44%
hydrogen0.14%
phosphorus0.12%
manganese0.10%
fluorine0.08%
barium340 ppm
carbon0.03%
strontium370 ppm
sulfur0.05%
zirconium190 ppm
tungsten160 ppm
vanadium0.01%
chlorine0.05%
rubidium0.03%
chromium0.01%
copper0.01%
nitrogen0.005%
nickeltrace
zinctrace
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Your Citation
Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Chemical Composition of the Earth's Crust - Elements." ThoughtCo, May. 15, 2017, thoughtco.com/chemical-composition-of-earths-crust-elements-607576. Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. (2017, May 15). Chemical Composition of the Earth's Crust - Elements. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/chemical-composition-of-earths-crust-elements-607576 Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Chemical Composition of the Earth's Crust - Elements." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/chemical-composition-of-earths-crust-elements-607576 (accessed November 19, 2017).