Science, Tech, Math › Science Chemical Composition of the Earth's Crust - Elements Table of Element Composition of the Earth's Crust Share Flipboard Email Print The most abundant element in the lithosphere of the Earth is oxygen. Rost-9D / Getty Images Science Chemistry Chemical Laws Basics Molecules Periodic Table Projects & Experiments Scientific Method Biochemistry Physical Chemistry Medical Chemistry Chemistry In Everyday Life Famous Chemists Activities for Kids Abbreviations & Acronyms Biology Physics Geology Astronomy Weather & Climate By Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Chemistry Expert Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. our editorial process Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Updated February 18, 2020 This is a table that shows the elemental chemical composition of the Earth's crust. Keep in mind, these numbers are estimates. They will vary depending on the way they were calculated and the source. 98.4% of the Earth's crust consists of oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium, and magnesium. All other elements account for approximately 1.6% of the volume of the Earth's crust. Major Elements in the Earth's Crust Element Percent by Volume oxygen 46.60% silicon 27.72% aluminum 8.13% iron 5.00% calcium 3.63% sodium 2.83% potassium 2.59% magnesium 2.09% titanium 0.44% hydrogen 0.14% phosphorus 0.12% manganese 0.10% fluorine 0.08% barium 340 ppm carbon 0.03% strontium 370 ppm sulfur 0.05% zirconium 190 ppm tungsten 160 ppm vanadium 0.01% chlorine 0.05% rubidium 0.03% chromium 0.01% copper 0.01% nitrogen 0.005% nickel trace zinc trace Mineral Composition The crust is chemically similar to andesite. The most abundant minerals in the continental crust are feldspar (41%), quartz (12%), and pyroxene (11%) Keep in mind, the elemental composition of the Earth's crust is not the same as the composition of the Earth. The mantle and core account for significantly more mass than the crust. The mantle is about 44.8% oxygen, 21.5% silicon, and 22.8% magnesium, with iron, aluminum, calcium, sodium, and potassium. The Earth's core is believed to consist primarily of a nickel-iron alloy. Sources Haynes, William M. (2016). "Abundance of Elements in the Earth's Crust and in the Sea." CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (97th ed.). Taylor and Francis. ISBN 9781498754286. Kring, David. Composition of Earth's continental crust as inferred from the compositions of impact melt sheets. Lunar and Planetary Science XXVIII. Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Chemical Composition of the Earth's Crust - Elements." ThoughtCo, Aug. 28, 2020, thoughtco.com/chemical-composition-of-earths-crust-elements-607576. Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. (2020, August 28). Chemical Composition of the Earth's Crust - Elements. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/chemical-composition-of-earths-crust-elements-607576 Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. "Chemical Composition of the Earth's Crust - Elements." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/chemical-composition-of-earths-crust-elements-607576 (accessed April 12, 2021). copy citation Why the Earth's Crust Is So Important What Is the Moon Made Of? What Is the Most Common Mineral? What Is the Most Abundant Element? 6 Fascinating Facts About the Earth's Mantle What Are the Elements in the Human Body? Chemical Composition of the Human Body 10 Facts About the Element Mercury Everything You Need to Know About Igneous Rocks Metal Facts Sheet Gemstones and Minerals Types of Igneous Rocks Exploring the Earth's Four Spheres Carbon Cycle Where Is Potassium Found On The Periodic Table? What Is Granite?