Chemistry Glossary Terms Starting with the Letter G

Chemistry Glossary and Dictionary

Glass is a type of amorphous solid.
Glass is a type of amorphous solid. Andy Sotiriou/Getty Images

This chemistry glossary offers definitions for terms which are commonly used in chemistry and chemical engineering. These words begin with the letter G.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

gadolinium

gallium

gallon

galvanic cell

galvanization

galvanized steel

galvanometer

gamma radiation

gas

gas constant (R)

gasohol

gauche

gauge pressure

Gay-Lussac's law

Geiger-Müller counter -  A device used to measure the rate of radioactive decay.

A type of radiation detector.

gel

geochemistry - Geochemistry is the scientific study of the chemical composition of the Earth and other planets. It includes analysis of the chemical composition and reactions involving rocks, minerals and soils; the cycles of matter and energy in the earth, water, and air; and the ongoing processes that formed the Earth and change it.

geology

geometric isomer

germanium

Gibbs free energy

Gibbs-Helmholtz equation - A relationship between ΔG, ΔH, and ΔS: ΔG = ΔH - TΔS, where T is temperature, H is enthalpy, S is entropy, and G is free energy.

giga

glass

glass transition

glass transition temperature

gln

glu

gly

glycerite

glycol

glycosidic bond

G-protein coupled receptor

gold

Graham's Law

grain alcohol

gram

gram molecular mass

gravimetric analysis

gray - A unit of the absorbed dose of radiation. One gray is one joule per kilogram of tissue.

green chemistry

greenhouse effect

greenhouse gas

green vitriol

ground state

group

Groups I, II, III, IV

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z