Chemistry Glossary Terms Starting with the Letter N

Chemistry Glossary and Dictionary

Neon is an example of a noble gas.
Neon is an example of a noble gas. pslawinski, wikipedia.org

This chemistry glossary offers definitions for terms which are commonly used in chemistry and chemical engineering. These are chemistry terms starting with the letter N.

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NA number

nano

nanometer

nanotechnology - Nanotechnology is the study and development of materials and objects on the nanometer level of measurement. Nanotechnology typically involves materials on the atomic or molecular level.

Quantum mechanical effects play a large role in the study of nanotechnology.

naphtha

naphthenes

naphthalene

native element

natrium

natural abundance

necrosis

negatron

nematic - Nematic refers a substance where the arrangement of individual molecules are parallel to each other but not arranged in layers or rows. Nematic phase refers to liquid crystals when the crystals are aligned, but not arranged. If the individual molecules are parallel and arranged in layers or rows, the substance is said to be smectic.

neodymium

neon

nephrotoxicant

neptunium

Nernst equation

net ionic equation

network solid

neurotoxicant

neutral solution

neutralization

neutrino - A neutrino is a fundamental particle with no electric charge and travels at speeds close to the speed of light. The symbol for neutrino is the greek letter ν.
There are three types of neutrinos, each one associated with a partner particle.
νe = electron neutrino
νμ = muon neutrino
ντ = tau neutrino
Example: Neutrinos are formed during some types of nuclear decay and when cosmic radiation collides with atoms in the atmosphere.

neutron

neutron emission

newton

nickel - Nickel is the name for the element with atomic number 28 and is represented by the symbol Ni. Nickel is a member of the transition metals group.

niobium - Niobium is the name for the element with atomic number 41 and is represented by the symbol Nb. Niobium is also called Columbium and is a transition metal.

nitrate

nitrile

nitrite

nitro compound - A nitro compound is an organic compound containing the nitro functional group (-NO2).

nitrogen - Nitrogen is the name for the element with atomic number 7 and is represented by the symbol N. Nitrogen is also known as azote and is a member of the nonmetal group.

nitrogenous base

nitro group

nobelium

noble gas

noble gas core

nonbonding electron

nonelectrolyte

nonflammable -  Nonflammable is the property of a material rendering incapable of being burned.
Antonym: flammable, inflammable

nonmetal

non-Newtonian fluid

nonoxidizing acid

nonpolar bond

nonpolar molecule

nonspontaneous reaction

nonvolatile

normal

normal boiling point

normal concentration

normality

normal melting point

nuclear binding energy

nuclear fission

nuclear fusion

nuclear radiation

nuclear shell model

nucleation

nucleic acid

nucleobase

nucleon

nucleophile

nucleophilic addition

nucleoside

nucleosynthesis

nucleotide

nucleotide base

nucleus

nuclide

null hypothesis

nurse tank - A nurse tank is a container used exclusively to transport anhydrous ammonia.

nutraceutical

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