Yellow Emperor - Legendary Chinese Yellow Emperor 2698-2598 B.C.


The Yellow Emperor (Huangdi), son of Shao-dian, is a legendary ruler and ancestor of the Chinese people who is said to have lived in the third millennium B.C. for 100-118 years. He is credited with having invented Chinese medicine; various religious practices, including worship of the sun, moon, and five planets; and technological inventions, like the compass and calendar.
"It is also believed there were many inventions originated from the time of Yellow Emperor, such as characters, ships and carts, medicines, music, sericiculture [Silk cultivation] and some daily utensils. Thus Huangdi was said to be the founder of Chinese civilization.

Huangdi is also regarded as the central god among the five gods in the heaven in Chinese mythology." Source: Yellow Emperor

He developed a strong army with which he defeated Shen Nongshi at Banquan (Henan Province).

The wife of the Yellow Emperor was Xi Ling-Shi, Hsi-ling, or Xilingshi, who is credited with discovering silk.

  • "Tracing a Chinese Legend: In Search of the Identity of the 'First Sericulturalist,'" by Dieter Kuhn; T'oung Pao Second Series, Vol. 70, Livr. 4/5 (1984), pp. 213-245

The Yellow Emperor is said to have ridden a dragon to Heaven to join the immortals when he died.

See Yellow Emperor, from's Guide to Chinese Culture.

Also Known As: Huangdi

Alternate Spellings: Huang Di, Huang Ti

Examples: Huang Ti is worshiped as a Chinese god.