Civil War Battles

Brother vs. Brother

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Hickman, Kennedy. "Civil War Battles." ThoughtCo, Apr. 10, 2017, thoughtco.com/civil-war-battles-2360895. Hickman, Kennedy. (2017, April 10). Civil War Battles. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/civil-war-battles-2360895 Hickman, Kennedy. "Civil War Battles." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/civil-war-battles-2360895 (accessed October 22, 2017).
American Civil War
Fighting during the Civil War. Hulton Archive - Stringer/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Civil War Battles: A Nation Forever Changed

The battles of the Civil War were fought across the United States from the East Coast to as far west as New Mexico. Beginning in 1861, these battles made a permanent mark upon the landscape and elevated to prominence small towns that had previously been peaceful villages. As a result, names such as Manassas, Sharpsburg, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg became eternally entwined with images of sacrifice, bloodshed, and heroism.

It is estimated that over 10,000 battles of various sizes were fought during the Civil War as Union forces marched towards victory. The battles of the Civil War are largely divided into the Eastern, Western, and Trans-Mississippi Theaters, with the bulk of the fighting taking place in the first two. During the Civil War, over 200,000 Americans were killed in battle as each side fought for their chosen cause.

Civil War Battles: By Year, Theater, & State

1861

April 12-14 - Battle of Fort Sumter - Eastern Theater - South Carolina

June 3 - Battle of Philippi - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 10 - Battle of Big Bethel - Eastern Theater - Virginia

July 21 - First Battle of Bull Run - Eastern Theater - Virginia

August 10 - Battle of Wilson's Creek - Western Theater - Missouri

October 21 - Battle of Ball's Bluff - Eastern Theater - Virginia

November 7 - Battle of Belmont - Western Theater - Missouri

November 8 - The Trent Affair - at Sea

1862

January 19 - Battle of Mill Springs - Western Theater - Kentucky

February 6 - Battle of Fort Henry - Western Theater - Tennessee

February 11-16 - Battle of Fort Donelson - Western Theater - Tennessee

February 21 - Battle of Valverde - Trans-Mississippi Theater - New Mexico

March 7-8 - Battle of Pea Ridge - Trans-Mississippi Theater - Arkansas

March 8-9 - Battle of Hampton Roads - Eastern Theater - Virginia

March 23 - First Battle of Kernstown - Eastern Theater - Virginia

March 26-28 - Battle of Glorieta Pass - Trans-Mississippi Theater - New Mexico

April 5 - Siege of Yorktown - Eastern Theater - Virginia

April 6-7 - Battle of Shiloh - Western Theater - Tennessee

April 10-11 - Battle of Fort Pulaski - Eastern Theater - Georgia

April 12 - Great Locomotive Chase - Western Theater - Georgia

April 24/25 - Capture of New Orleans - Western Theater - Louisiana

May 5 - Battle of Williamsburg - Eastern Theater - Virginia

May 8 - Battle of McDowell - Eastern Theater - Virginia

May 25 - First Battle of Winchester - Eastern Theater - Virginia

May 31 - Battle of Seven Pines - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 6 - Battle of Memphis - Western Theater - Tennessee

June 8 - Battle of Cross Keys - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 9 - Battle of Port Republic - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 25 - Battle of Oak Grove - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 26 - Battle of Beaver Dam Creek (Mechanicsville) - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 27 - Battle of Gaines' Mill - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 29 - Battle of Savage's Station - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 30 - Battle of Glendale (Frayser's Farm) - Eastern Theater - Virginia

July 1 - Battle of Malvern Hill - Eastern Theater - Virginia

August 9 - Battle of Cedar Mountain - Eastern Theater - Virginia

August 28-30 - Second Battle of Manassas - Eastern Theater - Virginia

September 1 - Battle of Chantilly - Eastern Theater - Virginia

September 12-15 - Battle of Harpers Ferry - Eastern Theater - Virginia

September 14 - Battle of South Mountain - Eastern Theater - Maryland

September 17 - Battle of Antietam - Eastern Theater - Maryland

September 19 - Battle of Iuka - Western Theater - Mississippi

October 3-4 - Second Battle of Corinth - Western Theater - Mississippi

October 8 - Battle of Perryville - Western Theater - Kentucky

December 7 - Battle of Prairie Grove - Trans-Mississippi Theater -Arkansas

December 13 - Battle of Fredericksburg - Eastern Theater - Virginia

December 26-29 - Battle of Chickasaw Bayou - Western Theater - Mississippi

December 31-January 2, 1863 - Battle of Stones River - Western Theater - Tennessee

1863

January 9-11 - Battle of Arkansas Post - Trans-Mississippi Theater - Arkansas

May 1-6 - Battle of Chancellorsville - Eastern Theater - Virginia

Fall 1862-July 4 - Vicksburg Campaign - Western Theater - Mississippi

May 12 - Battle of Raymond - Western Theater - Mississippi

May 16 - Battle of Champion Hill - Western Theater - Mississippi

May 17 - Battle of Big Black River Bridge - Western Theater - Mississippi

May 18-July 4 - Siege of Vicksburg - Western Theater - Mississippi

May 21-July 9 - Siege of Port Hudson - Western Theater - Louisiana

June 9 - Battle of Brandy Station - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 11-July 26 - Morgan's Raid - Western Theater - Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, & Ohio

July 1-3 - Battle of Gettysburg - Eastern Theater - Pennsylvania

July 3 - Battle of Gettysburg - Pickett's Charge - Eastern Theater - Pennsylvania

July 11 & 18 - Battles of Fort Wagner - Eastern Theater - South Carolina

September 18-20 - Battle of Chickamauga - Western Theater - Georgia

October 13-November 7 - Bristoe Campaign - Eastern Theater - Virginia

October 28-29 - Battle of Wauhatchie - Western Theater - Tennessee

November-December - Knoxville Campaign - Western Theater - Tennessee

November 23-25 - Battle of Chattanooga - Western Theater - Tennessee

November 26-December 2 - Mine Run Campaign - Eastern Theater - Virginia

1864

February 16 - Submarine H.L. Hunley Sinks USS Housatonic - Eastern Theater - South Carolina

February 20 - Battle of Olustee - Eastern Theater - Florida

April 8 - Battle of Mansfield - Trans-Mississippi Theater - Louisiana

May 5-7 - Battle of the Wilderness - Eastern Theater - Virginia

May 8-21 - Battle of Spotsylvania Court House - Eastern Theater - Virginia

May 11 - Battle of Yellow Tavern -Eastern Theater - Virginia

May 13-15 - Battle of Resaca - Western Theater - Georgia

May 16 - Battle of New Market - Eastern Theater - Virginia

May 23-26 - Battle of North Anna - Eastern Theater - Virginia

May 31-June 12 - Battle of Cold Harbor - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 5 - Battle of Piedmont - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 9, 1864-April 2, 1865 - Siege of Petersburg - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 10 - Battle of Brice's Cross Roads - Western Theater - Mississippi

June 11-12 - Battle of Trevilian Station - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 21-23 - Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road - Eastern Theater - Virginia

June 27 - Battle of Kennesaw Mountain - Western Theater - Georgia

July 9 - Battle of Monocacy - Eastern Theater - Maryland

July 20 - Battle of Peachtree Creek - Western Theater - Georgia

July 22 - Battle of Atlanta - Western Theater - Georgia

July 24 - Second Battle of Kernstown - Eastern Theater - Virginia

July 28 - Battle of Ezra Church - Western Theater - Georgia

July 30 - Battle of the Crater - Eastern Theater - Virginia

August 5 - Battle of Mobile Bay - Western Theater - Alabama

August 18-21 - Battle of Globe Tavern - Eastern Theater - Virginia

August 31-September 1 - Battle of Jonesboro (Jonesborough) - Western Theater - Georgia

September 19 - Third Battle of Winchester (Opequon) - Eastern Theater - Virginia

September 21-22 - Battle of Fisher's Hill - Eastern Theater - Virginia

October 2 - Battle of Peebles Farm - Eastern Theater - Virginia

October 19 - Battle of Cedar Creek - Eastern Theater - Virginia

October 23 - Battle of Westport - Trans-Mississippi Theater - Missouri

October 27-28 - Battle of Boydton Plank Road - Eastern Theater - Virginia

November 15-December 22 - Sherman's March to the Sea - Western Theater - Georgia

November 29 - Battle of Spring Hill - Western Theater - Tennessee

November 30 - Battle of Franklin -Western Theater - Tennessee

December 15-16 - Battle of Nashville - Western Theater - Tennessee

1865

January 13-15 - Second Battle of Fort Fisher - Eastern Theater - North Carolina

February 5-7 - Battle of Hatcher's Run - Eastern Theater - Virginia

March 16 - Battle of Averasborough - Western Theater - North Carolina

March 19-21 - Battle of Bentonville - Western Theater - North Carolina

March 25 - Battle of Fort Stedman - Eastern Theater - Virginia

April 1 - Battle of Five Forks - Eastern Theater - Virginia

April 2 - Battle of Selma - Western Theater - Alabama

April 6 - Battle of Sayler's Creek (Sailor's Creek) - Eastern Theater - Virginia

April 9 - Surrender at Appomattox Court House - Eastern Theater - Virginia