Classical Abbreviations

Classical Authors and Their Works

Marble Bust of Homer
Marble Bust of Homer. Public Domain Courtesy of Wikipedia

There are certain standard abbreviations used in connection with the authors and their works in Classics. While I generally spell out the names and works of ancient authors, it is not always possible. Besides, you'll find the abbreviations elsewhere. The following is a list of the ancient, non-Biblical writers and their works that you are likely to encounter during your study of Classics. I'll elaborate the first sets of abbreviations and a few throughout the list that might be puzzling.

  • Aesch. Ag.: Aeschylus, Agamemnon
    The author comes first; his work comes next, so this abbreviation means Aeschylus, a tragic playwright, wrote a tragedy called Agamemnon.
  • Aesch. Eum.: Aeschylus, Eumenides
  • Aesch. Lib.: Aeschylus, Libation Bearers
  • Aesch. PB: Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound
  • Aesch. Pers.: Aeschylus, Persians
  • Aesch. Seven: Aeschylus, Seven Against Thebes
  • Aesch. Supp.: Aeschylus, Suppliant Maidens
  • Aeschin. 1: Aeschines, Against Timarchus
  • Aeschin. 2: Aeschines, On the Embassy
  • Aeschin. 3: Aeschines, Against Ctesiphon
  • Amm.: Ammianus Marcellinus, Rerum Gestarum
  • Andoc. 1: Andocides, On the Mysteries
  • Andoc. 2: Andocides, On his Return
  • Andoc. 3: Andocides, On the Peace
  • Andoc. 4: Andocides, Against Alcibiades
  • Antiph. 1: Antiphon, Against the Stepmother for Poisoning
  • Antiph. 2: Antiphon, First Tetralogy
  • Antiph. 3: Antiphon, Second Tetralogy
  • Antiph. 4: Antiphon, Third Tetralogy
  • Antiph. 5: Antiphon, On the murder of Herodes
  • Antiph. 6: Antiphon, On the Choreutes
  • Apollod.: Pseudo-Apollodorus, Library
  • Apollod. Epit.: Pseudo-Apollodorus, Epitome
  • Apollon.: Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica
    Nothing besides the Argonautica is attributed to Apollonius.
  • App. BC: Appian, Civil Wars
    BC stands for bellum civile which means civil war.
  • App. Gall.: Appian, Gallic History
  • App. Hann.: Appian, Hannibalic War
  • App. Hisp.: Appian, Wars in Spain
  • App. Ill.: Appian, Illyrian Wars
  • App. Ital.: Appian, Italy
  • App. Mac.: Appian, Macedonian Affairs
  • App. Mith.: Appian, Mithridatic Wars
  • App. Praef.: Appian, Preface
    Praef. is short for Praefatio which means preface.
  • App. Pun.: Appian, Punic Wars
  • App. Reg.: Appian, Kings
  • App. Sam.: Appian, Samnite History
  • App. Sic.: Appian, Sicily and the Other Islands
  • App. Syr.: Appian, Syrian Wars
  • Aret. CA: Aretaeus, De curatione acutorum morborum libri duo
  • Aret. CD: Aretaeus, De curatione diuturnorum morborum libri duo
  • Aret. SA: Aretaeus, De causis et signis acutorum morborum (lib. 1)
  • Aret. SD: Aretaeus, De causis et signis acutorum morborum (lib. 2)
  • Aristoph. Ach.: Aristophanes, Acharnians
  • Aristoph. Birds: Aristophanes, Birds
  • Aristoph. Cl.: Aristophanes, Clouds
  • Aristoph. Eccl.: Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae
  • Aristoph. Frogs: Aristophanes, Frogs
  • Aristoph. Kn.: Aristophanes, Knights
  • Aristoph. Lys.: Aristophanes, Lysistrata
  • Aristoph. Peace: Aristophanes, Peace
  • Aristoph. Pl.: Aristophanes, Plutus
  • Aristoph. Thes.: Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae
  • Aristoph. Wasps: Aristophanes, Wasps
  • Aristot. Ath. Pol.: Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians
  • Aristot. Const. Ath.: Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians
  • Aristot. Econ.: Aristotle, Economics
  • Aristot. Eud. Eth.: Aristotle, Eudemian Ethics
  • Aristot. Met.: Aristotle, Metaphysics
  • Aristot. Nic. Eth.: Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics
  • Aristot. Poet.: Aristotle, Poetics
  • Aristot. Pol.: Aristotle, Politics
  • Aristot. Rh.: Aristotle, Rhetoric
  • Aristot. Vir.: Aristotle, Virtues and Vices
  • Aug. Anc.: Augustus, Res Gestae
    The name of the work by Augustus is given as both Monumentum Ancyranum and Res Gestae Divi Augusti.
  • Aug. RG: Augustus, Res Gestae
  • Bacchyl. Dith.: Bacchylides, Dithyrambs
  • Bacchyl. Ep.: Bacchylides, Epinicians
  • Boe. Cons.: Boethius, Consolation of Philosophy
  • Caes. Civ.: Caesar, Civil War
  • Caes. Gal.: Caesar, Gallic War
  • Call. Ap.: Callimachus, Hymn to Apollo
  • Call. Cer.: Callimachus, Hymn to Demeter
  • Call. Del.: Callimachus, Hymn to Delos
  • Call. Dem.: Callimachus, Hymn to Demeter
  • Call. Dian.: Callimachus, Hymn to Artemis
  • Call. Epigr.: Callimachus, Epigrams
  • Call. H. 1: Callimachus, Hymn to Zeus
  • Call. H. 2: Callimachus, Hymn to Apollo
  • Call. H. 3: Callimachus, Hymn to Artemis
  • Call. H. 4: Callimachus, Hymn to Delos
  • Call. H. 5: Callimachus, Hymn to Athena
  • Call. H. 6: Callimachus, Hymn to Demeter
  • Call. Jov.: Callimachus, Hymn to Zeus
  • Call. Lav.: Callimachus, Hymn to Athena
  • Catul.: Catullus, Poems
  • Cels.: A. Cornelius Celsus, De Medicina
  • Cic. Ac.: Cicero, Academica
  • Cic. Agr.: Cicero, On the Agrarian Law
  • Cic. Amic.: Cicero, De Amicitia
  • Cic. Arch.: Cicero, For Archias
  • Cic. Att.: Cicero, Letters to Atticus
  • Cic. Balb.: Cicero, For Cornelius Balbus
  • Cic. Caec.: Cicero, For Aulus Caecina
  • Cic. Cael.: Cicero, For Marcus Caelius
  • Cic. Catil.: Cicero, Against Catiline
  • Cic. Clu.: Cicero, For Aulus Cluentius
  • Cic. Deiot.: Cicero, For King Deiotarius
  • Cic. Div.: Cicero, De Divinatione
  • Cic. Div. Caec.: Cicero, Divinatio against Q. Caecilius
  • Cic. Dom.: Cicero, On his House
  • Cic. Fam.: Cicero, Letters to his Friends
  • Cic. Fat.: Cicero, De Fato
  • Cic. Fin.: Cicero, de Finibus Bonorum et Malorum
  • Cic. Flac.: Cicero, For Flaccus
  • Cic. Font.: Cicero, For Marcus Fonteius
  • Cic. Har.: Cicero, On the Responses of the Haruspices
  • Cic. Leg.: Cicero, De Legibus
  • Cic. Lig.: Cicero, For Ligarius
  • Cic. Luc.: Cicero, Lucullus
  • Cic. Man.: Cicero, On Pompey's Command
  • Cic. Marc.: Cicero, For Marcellus
  • Cic. Mil.: Cicero, For Milo
  • Cic. Mur.: Cicero, For Lucius Murena
  • Cic. N.D.: Cicero, de Natura Deorum
  • Cic. Off.: Cicero, De Officiis
  • Cic. Parad.: Cicero, Paradoxa Stoicorum
  • Cic. Phil.: Cicero, Philippics
  • Cic. Pis.: Cicero, Against Piso
  • Cic. Planc.: Cicero, For Plancius
  • Cic. Prov.: Cicero, On the Consular Provinces
  • Cic. Q. Rosc.: Cicero, For Quintus Roscius the Actor
  • Cic. Q. fr.: Cicero, Letters to his brother Quintus
  • Cic. Quinct.: Cicero, For Publius Quinctius
  • Cic. Rab. Perd.: Cicero, For Rabirius on a Charge of Treason
  • Cic. Rab. Post.: Cicero, For Rabirius Postumus
  • Cic. Red. Pop.: Cicero, To the Citizens after his Return
  • Cic. Red. Sen.: Cicero, In the Senate after his Return
  • Cic. Rep.: Cicero, De Republica
  • Cic. S. Rosc.: Cicero, For Sextus Roscius of Ameria
  • Cic. Scaur.: Cicero, For Aemilius Scaurus
  • Cic. Sen.: Cicero, De Senectute
  • Cic. Sest.: Cicero, For Sestius
  • Cic. Sul.: Cicero, For Sulla
  • Cic. Tul.: Cicero, For Marcus Tullius
  • Cic. Tusc.: Cicero, Tusculanae Disputationes
  • Cic. Vat.: Cicero, Against Vatinius
  • Cic. Ver.: Cicero, Against Verres
  • Cic. ad Brut.: Cicero, Letters to Brutus
  • Cic. de Orat.: Cicero, On Oratory
  • D. L.: Diogenes Laertius, Vitae philosophorum
  • Dem. 1: Demosthenes, Olynthiac 1
  • Dem. 10: Demosthenes, Philippic 4
  • Dem. 11: Demosthenes, Reply to Philip
  • Dem. 12: Demosthenes, Philip
  • Dem. 13: Demosthenes, On Organization
  • Dem. 14: Demosthenes, On the Navy
  • Dem. 15: Demosthenes, On the Liberty of the Rhodians
  • Dem. 16: Demosthenes, For the Megalopolitans
  • Dem. 17: Demosthenes, On the Accession of Alexander
  • Dem. 18: Demosthenes, On the Crown
  • Dem. 19: Demosthenes, On the False Embassy
  • Dem. 2: Demosthenes, Olynthiac 2
  • Dem. 20: Demosthenes, Against Leptines
  • Dem. 21: Demosthenes, Against Midias
  • Dem. 22: Demosthenes, Against Androtion
  • Dem. 23: Demosthenes, Against Aristocrates
  • Dem. 24: Demosthenes, Against Timocrates
  • Dem. 25: Demosthenes, Against Aristogiton 1
  • Dem. 26: Demosthenes, Against Aristogiton 2
  • Dem. 27: Demosthenes, Against Aphobus 1
  • Dem. 28: Demosthenes, Against Aphobus 2
  • Dem. 29: Demosthenes, Against Aphobus
  • Dem. 3: Demosthenes, Olynthiac 3
  • Dem. 30: Demosthenes, Against Ontenor
  • Dem. 31: Demosthenes, Against Ontenor
  • Dem. 32: Demosthenes, Against Zenothemis
  • Dem. 33: Demosthenes, Against Apatourius
  • Dem. 34: Demosthenes, Against Phormio
  • Dem. 35: Demosthenes, Against Lacritus
  • Dem. 36: Demosthenes, For Phormio
  • Dem. 37: Demosthenes, Against Pantaenetus
  • Dem. 38: Demosthenes, Against Nausimachus and Xenopeithes
  • Dem. 39: Demosthenes, Against Boeotus 1
  • Dem. 4: Demosthenes, Philippic 1
  • Dem. 40: Demosthenes, Against Boeotus 2
  • Dem. 41: Demosthenes, Against Spudias
  • Dem. 42: Demosthenes, Against Phaenippus
  • Dem. 43: Demosthenes, Against Macartatus
  • Dem. 44: Demosthenes, Against Leochares
  • Dem. 45: Demosthenes, Against Stephanus 1
  • Dem. 46: Demosthenes, Against Stephanus 2
  • Dem. 47: Demosthenes, Against Evergus and Mnesibulus
  • Dem. 48: Demosthenes, Against Olympiodorus
  • Dem. 49: Demosthenes, Against Timotheus
  • Dem. 5: Demosthenes, On the Peace
  • Dem. 50: Demosthenes, Against Polycles
  • Dem. 51: Demosthenes, On the Trierarchic Crown
  • Dem. 52: Demosthenes, Against Callippus
  • Dem. 53: Demosthenes, Against Nicostratus
  • Dem. 54: Demosthenes, Against Conon
  • Dem. 55: Demosthenes, Against Callicles
  • Dem. 56: Demosthenes, Against Dionysodorus
  • Dem. 57: Demosthenes, Against Eubulides
  • Dem. 58: Demosthenes, Against Theocrines
  • Dem. 59: Demosthenes, Against Neaera
  • Dem. 6: Demosthenes, Philippic 2
  • Dem. 60: Demosthenes, Funeral Speech
  • Dem. 61: Demosthenes, Erotic Essay
  • Dem. 7: Demosthenes, On the Halonnesus
  • Dem. 8: Demosthenes, On the Chersonese
  • Dem. 9: Demosthenes, Philippic 3
  • Dem. Ex.: Demosthenes, Exordia
  • Dem. L.: Demosthenes, Letters
  • Demad. 1: Demades, On the Twelve Years
  • Din. 1: Dinarchus, Against Demosthenes
  • Din. 2: Dinarchus, Against Aristogiton
  • Din. 3: Dinarchus, Against Philocles
  • Diod.: Diodorus, Historical Library
  • Euc.: Euclid, Elements
  • Eur. Alc.: Euripides, Alcestis
  • Eur. Andr.: Euripides, Andromache
  • Eur. Ba.: Euripides, Bacchae
  • Eur. Cycl.: Euripides, Cyclops
  • Eur. El.: Euripides, Electra
  • Eur. Hec.: Euripides, Hecuba
  • Eur. Hel.: Euripides, Helen
  • Eur. Her.: Euripides, Heracles
  • Eur. Heraclid.: Euripides, Heraclidae
  • Eur. Hipp.: Euripides, Hippolytus
  • Eur. IA: Euripides, Iphigeneia in Aulis
  • Eur. IT: Euripides, Iphigeneia in Taurus
  • Eur. Ion: Euripides, Ion
  • Eur. Med.: Euripides, Medea
  • Eur. Orest.: Euripides, Orestes
  • Eur. Phoen.: Euripides, Phoenician Women
  • Eur. Rh.: Euripides, Rhesus
  • Eur. Supp.: Euripides, Suppliants
  • Eur. Tro.: Euripides, Trojan Women
  • Gal. Nat. Fac.: Galen, De naturalibus facultatibus
  • Gel.: Gellius, Noctes Atticae
  • HH 1: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 1 to Dionysus
  • HH 10: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 10 to Aphrodite
  • HH 11: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 11 to Athena
  • HH 12: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 12 to Hera
  • HH 13: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 13 to Demeter
  • HH 14: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 14 to the Mother of the Gods
  • HH 15: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 15 to Heracles
  • HH 16: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 16 to Asclepius
  • HH 17: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 17 to the Dioscuri
  • HH 18: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 18 to Hermes
  • HH 19: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 19 to Pan
  • HH 2: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 2 to Demeter
  • HH 20: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 20 to Hephaestus
  • HH 21: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 21 to Apollo
  • HH 22: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 22 to Poseidon
  • HH 23: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 23 to Zeus
  • HH 24: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 24 to Hestia
  • HH 25: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 25 to the Muses and Apollo
  • HH 26: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 26 to Dionysus
  • HH 27: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 27 to Artemis
  • HH 28: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 28 to Athena
  • HH 29: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 29 to Hestia
  • HH 3: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 3 to Apollo
  • HH 30: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 30 to Earth
  • HH 31: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 31 to Helios
  • HH 32: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 32 to Selene
  • HH 33: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 33 to the Dioscuri
  • HH 4: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 4 to Hermes
  • HH 5: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 5 to Aphrodite
  • HH 6: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 6 to Aphrodite
  • HH 7: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 7 to Dionysus
  • HH 8: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 8 to Ares
  • HH 9: Homeric Hymns, Hymn 9 to Artemis
  • Hdt.: Herodotus, Histories
  • Hes. Sh.: Hesiod, Shield of Heracles
  • Hes. Th.: Hesiod, Theogony
  • Hes. WD: Hesiod, Works and Days
  • Hirt. Gal.: Caesar, Gallic War
  • Hom. Il.: Homer, Iliad
  • Hom. Od.: Homer, Odyssey
  • Hor. Ars: Horace, Ars Poetica
  • Hor. Carm.: Horace, Odes
  • Hor. S.: Horace, Satires
  • Hp. Acut.: Hippocrates, De diaeta in morbis acutis
  • Hp. Acut. Sp.: Hippocrates, De diaeta acutorum
  • Hp. Aer.: Hippocrates, De aere aquis et locis
  • Hp. Alim.: Hippocrates, De alimento
  • Hp. Aph.: Hippocrates, Aphorismi
  • Hp. Art.: Hippocrates, De articulis
  • Hp. Epid.: Hippocrates, De morbis popularibus
  • Hp. Fist.: Hippocrates, De fistulis
  • Hp. Fract.: Hippocrates, De fracturis
  • Hp. Haem.: Hippocrates, De haemorrhoidibus
  • Hp. Jusj.: Hippocrates, Jusjurandum
  • Hp. Lex: Hippocrates, Lex
  • Hp. Mochl.: Hippocrates, Vectiarius
  • Hp. Morb. Sacr.: Hippocrates, De morbo sacro
  • Hp. Off.: Hippocrates, De officina medici
  • Hp. Praec.: Hippocrates, Praeceptiones
  • Hp. Prog.: Hippocrates, Prognosticon
  • Hp. Ulc.: Hippocrates, De ulceribus
  • Hp. VC: Hippocrates, De capitis vulneribus
  • Hp. VM: Hippocrates, De prisca medicina
  • Hyp. 1: Hyperides, In Defence of Lycophron
  • Hyp. 2: Hyperides, Against Philippides
  • Hyp. 3: Hyperides, Against Athenogenes
  • Hyp. 4: Hyperides, In Defence of Euxenippus
  • Hyp. 5: Hyperides, Against Demosthenes
  • Hyp. 6: Hyperides, Funeral Oration
  • Isaeus 1: Isaeus, Cleonymus
  • Isaeus 10: Isaeus, Aristarchus
  • Isaeus 11: Isaeus, Hagnias
  • Isaeus 12: Isaeus, Euphiletus
  • Isaeus 2: Isaeus, Menecles
  • Isaeus 3: Isaeus, Pyrrhus
  • Isaeus 4: Isaeus, Nicostratus
  • Isaeus 5: Isaeus, Dicaeogenes
  • Isaeus 6: Isaeus, Philoctemon
  • Isaeus 7: Isaeus, Apollodorus
  • Isaeus 8: Isaeus, Ciron
  • Isaeus 9: Isaeus, Astyphilus
  • Isoc. 1: Isocrates, To Demonicus
  • Isoc. 10: Isocrates, Helen
  • Isoc. 11: Isocrates, Busiris
  • Isoc. 12: Isocrates, Panathenaicus
  • Isoc. 13: Isocrates, Against the Sophists
  • Isoc. 14: Isocrates, Plataicus
  • Isoc. 15: Isocrates, Antidosis
  • Isoc. 16: Isocrates, On the team of horses
  • Isoc. 17: Isocrates, Trapeziticus
  • Isoc. 18: Isocrates, Against Callimachus
  • Isoc. 19: Isocrates, Aegineticus
  • Isoc. 2: Isocrates, To Nicocles
  • Isoc. 20: Isocrates, Against Lochites
  • Isoc. 21: Isocrates, Against Euthynus
  • Isoc. 3: Isocrates, Nicocles or the Cyprians
  • Isoc. 4: Isocrates, Panegyricus
  • Isoc. 5: Isocrates, To Philip
  • Isoc. 6: Isocrates, Archidamus
  • Isoc. 7: Isocrates, Areopagiticus
  • Isoc. 8: Isocrates, On the Peace
  • Isoc. 9: Isocrates, Evagoras
  • Isoc. L. 1: Isocrates, Ad Dionysium
  • Isoc. L. 2: Isocrates, Ad Philippum
  • Isoc. L. 3: Isocrates, Ad Philippum
  • Isoc. L. 4: Isocrates, Ad Antipatrum
  • Isoc. L. 5: Isocrates, Ad Alexandrum
  • Isoc. L. 6: Isocrates, Ad filios Jasonis
  • Isoc. L. 7: Isocrates, Ad Timotheum
  • Isoc. L. 8: Isocrates, Ad reges Mytilenaeos
  • Isoc. L. 9: Isocrates, Ad Archidamum
  • J. AJ: Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities
  • J. Ap.: Flavius Josephus, Against Apion
  • J. BJ: Flavius Josephus, The Jewish War
  • J. Vit.: Flavius Josephus, Life of Josephus
  • LSJ: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon
  • Liv. 1: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 1
  • Liv. 10: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 10
  • Liv. 11: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 11, Summary
  • Liv. 12: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 12, Summary
  • Liv. 13: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 13, Summary
  • Liv. 14: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 14, Summary
  • Liv. 15: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 15, Summary
  • Liv. 16: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 16, Summary
  • Liv. 17: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 17, Summary
  • Liv. 18: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 18, Summary
  • Liv. 19: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 19, Summary
  • Liv. 2: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 2
  • Liv. 20: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 20, Summary
  • Liv. 21: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 21
  • Liv. 22: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 22
  • Liv. 23: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 23
  • Liv. 24: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 24
  • Liv. 25: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 25
  • Liv. 26: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 26
  • Liv. 27: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 27
  • Liv. 28: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 28
  • Liv. 29: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 29
  • Liv. 3: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 3
  • Liv. 30: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 30
  • Liv. 31: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 31
  • Liv. 32: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 32
  • Liv. 33: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 33
  • Liv. 34: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 34
  • Liv. 35: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 35
  • Liv. 36: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 36
  • Liv. 37: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 37
  • Liv. 38: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 38
  • Liv. 39: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 39
  • Liv. 4: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 4
  • Liv. 40: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 40
  • Liv. 41: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 41
  • Liv. 42: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 42
  • Liv. 43: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 43
  • Liv. 44: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 44
  • Liv. 45: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 45
  • Liv. 5: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 5
  • Liv. 6: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 6
  • Liv. 7: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 7
  • Liv. 8: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 8
  • Liv. 9: Livy, The History of Rome, Book 9
  • Liv. Frag.: Livy, The History of Rome, Fragments
  • Luc.: Lucan, Civil War
  • Lucr.: Lucretius, De Rerum Natura
  • Lyc. 1: Lycurgus, Against Leocrates
  • Lys. 1: Lysias, On the Murder of Eratosthenes
  • Lys. 10: Lysias, Against Theomnestus 1
  • Lys. 11: Lysias, Against Theomnestus 2
  • Lys. 12: Lysias, Against Eratosthenes
  • Lys. 13: Lysias, Against Agoratus
  • Lys. 14: Lysias, Against Alcibiades 1
  • Lys. 15: Lysias, Against Alcibiades 2
  • Lys. 16: Lysias, For Mantitheus
  • Lys. 17: Lysias, On the Property of Eraton
  • Lys. 18: Lysias, On the Confiscation of the Property of the Brother of Nicias
  • Lys. 19: Lysias, On the Property of Aristophanes
  • Lys. 2: Lysias, Funeral Oration
  • Lys. 20: Lysias, For Polystratus
  • Lys. 21: Lysias, Defence against a Charge of Taking Bribes
  • Lys. 22: Lysias, Against the Corn Dealers
  • Lys. 23: Lysias, Against Pancleon
  • Lys. 24: Lysias, On the Refusal of a Pension
  • Lys. 25: Lysias, Defence against a Charge of subverting the Democracy
  • Lys. 26: Lysias, On the Scrutiny of Evandros
  • Lys. 27: Lysias, Against Epicrates and his Fellow Envoys
  • Lys. 28: Lysias, Against Ergocles
  • Lys. 29: Lysias, Against Philocrates
  • Lys. 3: Lysias, Against Simon
  • Lys. 30: Lysias, Against Nicomachus
  • Lys. 31: Lysias, Against Philon
  • Lys. 32: Lysias, Against Diogeiton
  • Lys. 33: Lysias, Olympic Oration
  • Lys. 34: Lysias, Against the Subversion of the Ancestral Constitution of Athens
  • Lys. 4: Lysias, On a Wound by Premeditation
  • Lys. 5: Lysias, For Callias
  • Lys. 6: Lysias, Against Andocides
  • Lys. 7: Lysias, On the Olive Stump
  • Lys. 8: Lysias, Accusation of Calumny
  • Lys. 9: Lysias, For the Soldier
  • Nep. Ag.: Cornelius Nepos, Agesilaus
  • Nep. Alc.: Cornelius Nepos, Alcibiades
  • Nep. Ar.: Cornelius Nepos, Aristides
  • Nep. Att.: Cornelius Nepos, Atticus
  • Nep. Ca.: Cornelius Nepos, Cato
  • Nep. Cha.: Cornelius Nepos, Chabrias
  • Nep. Cim.: Cornelius Nepos, Cimon
  • Nep. Con.: Cornelius Nepos, Conon
  • Nep. Dat.: Cornelius Nepos, Datames
  • Nep. Di.: Cornelius Nepos, Dion
  • Nep. Ep.: Cornelius Nepos, Epaminondas
  • Nep. Eum.: Cornelius Nepos, Eumenes
  • Nep. Ham.: Cornelius Nepos, Hamilcar
  • Nep. Han.: Cornelius Nepos, Hannibal
  • Nep. Iph.: Cornelius Nepos, Iphicrates
  • Nep. Lys.: Cornelius Nepos, Lysander
  • Nep. Milt.: Cornelius Nepos, Miltiades
  • Nep. Paus.: Cornelius Nepos, Pausanias
  • Nep. Pel.: Cornelius Nepos, Pelopidas
  • Nep. Phoc.: Cornelius Nepos, Phocion
  • Nep. Reg.: Cornelius Nepos, Kings
  • Nep. Them.: Cornelius Nepos, Themistocles
  • Nep. Thr.: Cornelius Nepos, Thrasybulus
  • Nep. Timol.: Cornelius Nepos, Timoleon
  • Nep. Timoth.: Cornelius Nepos, Timotheus
  • Ov. Am.: Ovid, Amores
  • Ov. Ars: Ovid, Ars Amatoria
  • Ov. Ep.: Ovid, Epistulae
  • Ov. Ep. Sapph.: Ovid, Epistulae
  • Ov. Med.: Ovid, Medicamina Faciei Femineae
  • Ov. Met.: Ovid, Metamorphoses
  • Ov. Rem.: Ovid, Remedia Amoris
  • Paus.: Pausanias, Description of Greece
  • Petr.: Petronius, Satyricon
  • Petr. Fr.: Petronius, Fragments
  • Petr. Poems: Petronius, Poems
  • Phaed.: Phaedrus, Fables
  • Pind. I.: Pindar, Isthmean
  • Pind. N.: Pindar, Nemean
  • Pind. O.: Pindar, Olympian
  • Pind. P.: Pindar, Pythian
  • Pl. Am.: Plautus, Amphitruo
  • Pl. As.: Plautus, Asinaria
  • Pl. Aul.: Plautus, Aulularia
  • Pl. Bac.: Plautus, Bacchides
  • Pl. Capt.: Plautus, Captivi
  • Pl. Cas.: Plautus, Casina
  • Pl. Cist.: Plautus, Cistellaria
  • Pl. Cur.: Plautus, Curculio
  • Pl. Epid.: Plautus, Epidicus
  • Pl. Men.: Plautus, Menaechmi
  • Pl. Mer.: Plautus, Mercator
  • Pl. Mil.: Plautus, Miles Gloriosus
  • Pl. Mos.: Plautus, Mostellaria
  • Pl. Per.: Plautus, Persa
  • Pl. Poen.: Plautus, Poenulus
  • Pl. Ps.: Plautus, Pseudolus
  • Pl. Rud.: Plautus, Rudens
  • Pl. St.: Plautus, Stichus
  • Pl. Trin.: Plautus, Trinummus
  • Pl. Truc.: Plautus, Truculentus
  • Pl. Vid.: Plautus, Vidularia
  • Plat. Alc. 1: Plato, Alcibiades 1
  • Plat. Alc. 2: Plato, Alcibiades 2
  • Plat. Apol.: Plato, Apology
  • Plat. Charm.: Plato, Charmides
  • Plat. Cleit.: Plato, Cleitophon
  • Plat. Crat.: Plato, Cratylus
  • Plat. Criti.: Plato, Critias
  • Plat. Crito: Plato, Crito
  • Plat. Epin.: Plato, Epinomis
  • Plat. Euthyd.: Plato, Euthydemus
  • Plat. Euthyph.: Plato, Euthyphro
  • Plat. Gorg.: Plato, Gorgias
  • Plat. Hipp. Maj.: Plato, Greater Hippias
  • Plat. Hipp. Min.: Plato, Lesser Hippias
  • Plat. Hipparch.: Plato, Hipparchus
  • Plat. Ion: Plato, Ion
  • Plat. L.: Plato, Letters
  • Plat. Lach.: Plato, Laches
  • Plat. Laws: Plato, Laws
  • Plat. Lovers: Plato, Lovers
  • Plat. Lysis: Plato, Lysis
  • Plat. Menex.: Plato, Menexenus
  • Plat. Meno: Plato, Meno
  • Plat. Minos: Plato, Minos
  • Plat. Parm.: Plato, Parmenides
  • Plat. Phaedo: Plato, Phaedo
  • Plat. Phaedrus: Plato, Phaedrus
  • Plat. Phileb.: Plato, Philebus
  • Plat. Prot.: Plato, Protagoras
  • Plat. Rep.: Plato, Republic
  • Plat. Soph.: Plato, Sophist
  • Plat. Stat.: Plato, Statesman
  • Plat. Sym.: Plato, Symposium
  • Plat. Theaet.: Plato, Theaetetus
  • Plat. Theag.: Plato, Theages
  • Plat. Tim.: Plato, Timaeus
  • Plb.: Polybius, Histories
  • Plin. Ep.: Pliny the Younger, Epistulae
  • Plin. Nat.: Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia
  • Plut. Aem.: Plutarch, Aemilius Paullus
  • Plut. Ages.: Plutarch, Agesilaus
  • Plut. Agis: Plutarch, Agis
  • Plut. Alc.: Plutarch, Alcibiades
  • Plut. Alex.: Plutarch, Alexander
  • Plut. Ant.: Plutarch, Antonius
  • Plut. Arat.: Plutarch, Aratus
  • Plut. Arist.: Plutarch, Aristeides
  • Plut. Art.: Plutarch, Artaxerxes
  • Plut. Brut.: Plutarch, Brutus
  • Plut. CG: Plutarch, Gaius Gracchus
  • Plut. Caes.: Plutarch, Caesar
  • Plut. Cam.: Plutarch, Camillus
  • Plut. Cat. Ma.: Plutarch, Marcus Cato
  • Plut. Cat. Mi.: Plutarch, Cato Minor
  • Plut. Cic.: Plutarch, Cicero
  • Plut. Cim.: Plutarch, Cimon
  • Plut. Cleom.: Plutarch, Cleomenes
  • Plut. Comp. Ag. Gracch.: Plutarch, Comparison of Agis and Cleomenes and the Gracchi
  • Plut. Comp. Ages. Pomp.: Plutarch, Comparison of Agesilaus and Pompey
  • Plut. Comp. Alc. Cor.: Plutarch, Comparison of Alcibiades and Coriolanus
  • Plut. Comp. Aristid. Cat.: Plutarch, Comparison of Aristides with Marcus Cato
  • Plut. Comp. Cim. Luc.: Plutarch, Comparison of Lucullus and Cimon
  • Plut. Comp. Dem. Cic.: Plutarch, Comparison of Demosthenes with Cicero
  • Plut. Comp. Demetr. Ant.: Plutarch, Comparison of Demetrius and Antony
  • Plut. Comp. Dion. Brut.: Plutarch, Comparison of Dion and Brutus
  • Plut. Comp. Eum. Sert.: Plutarch, Comparison of Sertorius and Eumenes
  • Plut. Comp. Lyc. Num.: Plutarch, Comparison of Lycurgus and Numa
  • Plut. Comp. Lys. Sull.: Plutarch, Comparison of Lysander and Sulla
  • Plut. Comp. Nic. Crass.: Plutarch, Comparison of Nicias and Crassus
  • Plut. Comp. Pel. Marc.: Plutarch, Comparison of Pelopidas and Marcellus
  • Plut. Comp. Per. Fab.: Plutarch, Comparison of Pericles and Fabius Maximus
  • Plut. Comp. Phil. Flam.: Plutarch, Comparison of Philopoemen and Titus
  • Plut. Comp. Sol. Publ.: Plutarch, Comparison of Solon and Publicola
  • Plut. Comp. Thes. Rom.: Plutarch, Comparison of Theseus and Romulus
  • Plut. Comp. Tim. Aem. : Plutarch, Comparison of Timoleon and Aemilius
  • Plut. Cor.: Plutarch, Caius Marcius Coriolanus
  • Plut. Crass.: Plutarch, Crassus
  • Plut. Dem.: Plutarch, Demosthenes
  • Plut. Demetr.: Plutarch, Demetrius
  • Plut. Dio: Plutarch, Dion
  • Plut. Eum.: Plutarch, Eumenes
  • Plut. Fab.: Plutarch, Fabius Maximus
  • Plut. Flam.: Plutarch, Titus Flamininus
  • Plut. Galb.: Plutarch, Galba
  • Plut. Luc.: Plutarch, Lucullus
  • Plut. Lyc.: Plutarch, Lycurgus
  • Plut. Lys.: Plutarch, Lysander
  • Plut. Mar.: Plutarch, Caius Marius
  • Plut. Marc.: Plutarch, Marcellus
  • Plut. Nic.: Plutarch, Nicias
  • Plut. Num.: Plutarch, Numa
  • Plut. Oth.: Plutarch, Otho
  • Plut. Pel.: Plutarch, Pelopidas
  • Plut. Per.: Plutarch, Pericles
  • Plut. Phil.: Plutarch, Philopoemen
  • Plut. Phoc.: Plutarch, Phocion
  • Plut. Pomp.: Plutarch, Pompey
  • Plut. Publ.: Plutarch, Publicola
  • Plut. Pyrrh.: Plutarch, Pyrrhus
  • Plut. Rom.: Plutarch, Romulus
  • Plut. Sert.: Plutarch, Sertorius
  • Plut. Sol.: Plutarch, Solon
  • Plut. Sull.: Plutarch, Sulla
  • Plut. TG: Plutarch, Tiberius Gracchus
  • Plut. Them.: Plutarch, Themistocles
  • Plut. Thes.: Plutarch, Theseus
  • Plut. Tim.: Plutarch, Timoleon
  • Prop.: Sextus Propertius, Elegies
  • Ps. Xen. Const. Ath.: Old Oligarch, Constitution of the Athenians
  • Quint. Inst. 1: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 1
  • Quint. Inst. 10: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 10
  • Quint. Inst. 11: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 11
  • Quint. Inst. 12: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 12
  • Quint. Inst. 2: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 2
  • Quint. Inst. 3: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 3
  • Quint. Inst. 4: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 4
  • Quint. Inst. 5: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 5
  • Quint. Inst. 6: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 6
  • Quint. Inst. 7: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 7
  • Quint. Inst. 8: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 8
  • Quint. Inst. 9: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Book 9
  • Quint. Inst. Pref.: Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, Preface
  • Sal. Cat.: Sallust, Catilinae Coniuratio
  • Sal. Hist.: Sallust, Historiae
  • Sal. Jug.: Sallust, Bellum Iugurthinum
  • Sen. Ag.: Seneca, Agamemnon
  • Sen. Apoc.: Seneca, Apocolocyntosis
  • Sen. Ben.: Seneca, de Beneficiis
  • Sen. Brev. Vit.: Seneca, de Brevitate Vitae
  • Sen. Cl.: Seneca, de Clementia
  • Sen. Cons. Helv.: Seneca, de consolatione ad Helviam
  • Sen. Cons. Marc.: Seneca, de consolatione ad Marciam
  • Sen. Cons. Polyb.: Seneca, de consolatione ad Polybium
  • Sen. Cons. Sap.: Seneca, de Constantia
  • Sen. Const.: Seneca, de Constantia
  • Sen. Ep.: Seneca, Epistulae
  • Sen. Her. F.: Seneca, Hercules Furens
  • Sen. Her. O.: Seneca, Hercules Oetaeus
  • Sen. Ira: Seneca, de Ira
  • Sen. Med.: Seneca, Medea
  • Sen. Oct.: Seneca, Octavia
  • Sen. Oed.: Seneca, Oedipus
  • Sen. Ot. Sap.: Seneca, de Otio Sapientis
  • Sen. Phaed.: Seneca, Phaedra
  • Sen. Phoen.: Seneca, Phoenissae
  • Sen. Prov.: Seneca, de Providentia
  • Sen. Thy.: Seneca, Thyestes
  • Sen. Tranq.: Seneca, de Tranquilitate Animi
  • Sen. Tro.: Seneca, Troades
  • Sen. Vit. Beat.: Seneca, de Vita Beata
  • Serv. A.: Servius, Commentary on the Aeneid of Vergil
  • Soph. Aj.: Sophocles, Ajax
  • Soph. Ant.: Sophocles, Antigone
  • Soph. El.: Sophocles, Electra
  • Soph. Ich.: Sophocles, Ichneutae
  • Soph. OC: Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus
  • Soph. OT: Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus
  • Soph. Phil.: Sophocles, Philoctetes
  • Soph. Trach.: Sophocles, Trachiniae
  • Strab.: Strabo, Geography
  • Suet. Aug.: Suetonius, Divus Augustus
  • Suet. Cal.: Suetonius, Caligula
  • Suet. Cl.: Suetonius, Divus Claudius
  • Suet. Dom.: Suetonius, Domitianus
  • Suet. Gal.: Suetonius, Galba
  • Suet. Jul.: Suetonius, Divus Julius
  • Suet. Nero: Suetonius, Nero
  • Suet. Otho: Suetonius, Otho
  • Suet. Tib.: Suetonius, Tiberius
  • Suet. Tit.: Suetonius, Divus Titus
  • Suet. Ves.: Suetonius, Divus Vespasianus
  • Suet. Vit.: Suetonius, Vitellius
  • Sulpicia: Sulpicia, Poems
  • Tac. Ag.: Tacitus, Agricola
  • Tac. Ann.: Tacitus, Annales
  • Tac. Dial.: Tacitus, Dialogus
  • Tac. Ger.: Tacitus, Germania
  • Tac. Hist.: Tacitus, Historiae
  • Ter. Ad.: Terence, The Brothers
  • Ter. An.: Terence, Andria
  • Ter. Eu.: Terence, The Eunuch
  • Ter. Hau.: Terence, The Self-Tormenter
  • Ter. Hec.: Terence, The Mother-in-Law
  • Ter. Ph.: Terence, Phormio
  • Theoc.: Theocritus, Idylls
  • Theoc. Ep.: Theocritus, Epigrams
  • Theoc. Id.: Theocritus, Idylls
  • Thphr. Char.: Theophrastus, Characters
  • Thuc.: Thucydides, Histories
  • V. Fl.: C. Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica
  • Verg. A.: Vergil, Aeneid
  • Verg. Ecl.: Vergil, Eclogues
  • Verg. G.: Vergil, Georgics
  • Vitr.: Vitruvius, On Architecture
  • Xen. Ages.: Xenophon, Agesilaus
  • Xen. Anab.: Xenophon, Anabasis
  • Xen. Apol.: Xenophon, Apology
  • Xen. Cav.: Xenophon, On the Cavalry Commander
  • Xen. Const. Lac.: Xenophon, Constitution of the Lacedaimonians
  • Xen. Cyrop.: Xenophon, Cyropaedia
  • Xen. Ec.: Xenophon, Economics
  • Xen. Hell.: Xenophon, Hellenica
  • Xen. Hiero: Xenophon, Hiero
  • Xen. Horse.: Xenophon, On the Art of Horsemanship
  • Xen. Hunt.: Xenophon, On Hunting
  • Xen. Mem.: Xenophon, Memorabilia
  • Xen. Sym.: Xenophon, Symposium
  • Xen. Ways: Xenophon, Ways and Means

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